Benefits and Virtues of Surah 49 Al-Hujurat

virtues-benefits-surah-al-hujurat

49. Al-Hujurat

49.1 Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) spoke

About the words of Allah Almighty,

 ﴾ ولا تلمزوا أنفسكم ﴿

“Do not find fault with one another” (49:11)

and he said that these words mean, “Do not attack one another.”

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 329

49.2 Narrated Abu Jubairah bin Ad-Dahhak (رضي الله عنه)

“A man among us would be known by two or three names. He would be called by one that perhaps he disliked, so this Ayah was revealed:

 ﴾ ولا تنابزوا بالألقاب ﴿

Nor insult with nicknames (49:11).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3268

49.3 Narrated Abu Nadrah (رضي الله عنه)

“Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه)recited:

 ﴾ واعلموا أن فيكم رسول الله لو يطيعكم في كثير من الأمر لعنتم ﴿

And know that among you there is the Messenger of Allah. If he were to obey you in much of the matter, you would surely be in trouble (49:7).

He said: “This is your Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) to whom the Revelation came, and the best of your leaders, if he had obeyed them in many of their matters, then he would have been in trouble. So how about you people today?”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3269

49.4 Narrated Al-Bara bin ‘Azib (رضي الله عنه)

Regarding the Saying of Allah the Most High:

 ﴾ إن الذين ينادونك من وراء الحجرات أكثرهم لا يعقلون ﴿

Verily, those who call you from behind the dwellings, most of them have no sense (49:4).

He said: “A man stood and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Indeed my praise (of others) is worthwhile and my censure is appropriate.’ So the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: ‘That is for Allah, the Mighty and Sublime.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3267

49.5 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) gave a Khutbah to the people on the day of the conquest of Makkah, and he said: “O you people! Verily Allah has removed the slogans of Jahiliyyah from you, and its reverence of its forefathers. So, now there are two types of men: A man who is righteous, has Taqwa and honorable before Allah, and a wicked man, who is miserable and insignificant to Allah. People are children of Adam and Allah created Adam from the dust. Allah said:

 ﴾ يا أيها الناس إنا خلقناكم من ذكر وأنثى وجعلناكم شعوبا وقبائل لتعارفوا إن أكرمكم عند الله أتقاكم إن الله عليم خبير ﴿

O you people! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is the one who has most Taqwa. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware (49:13).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3270

49.6 Ibn ‘Abbas said (رضي الله عنه)

“I do not know anyone who acts by this ayat:

 ﴾ يا أيها الناس إنا خلقناكم من ذكر وأنثى وجعلناكم شعوبا وقبائل لتعارفوا إن أكرمكم عند الله أتقاكم ﴿

‘Mankind! We created you from a male and a female, and made you into peoples and tribes so that you might come to know each other. The noblest among you in Allah’s sight is the one with the most taqwa.’ (49:13)

One man says to another man, ‘I am more noble than you are.’ No one is nobler than another person except by taqwa.”

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 898

49.7 Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (رضي الله عنه)

“Al-Aqra’ bin Habis (رضي الله عنه) arrived to meet the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)” – he said – “so Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Appoint him over his people.’ ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) said: ‘Do not appoint him O Messenger of Allah!’ They continued talking before the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) until they raised their voices. Abu Bakr said to ‘Umar: ‘You only wanted to contradict me.’ So [‘Umar] said: ‘I did not want to contradict you.'” He said: “So this Ayah was revealed:

 ﴾ يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا ترفعوا أصواتكم فوق صوت النبي ﴿

‘O you who believe! Do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet (49:2).'”

He said: “After that, when ‘Umar spoke before the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), his speech could not be heard until he told him he could not understand him.” He (one of the narrators) said: “And Ibn Az-Zubair did not mention his grandfather” meaning Abu Bakr.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3266

49.8 It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه)

That when this verse:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا ترفعوا أصواتكم فوق صوت النبي ﴿

﴾ ولا تجهروا له بالقول كجهر بعضكم لبعض أن تحبط أعمالكم وأنتم لا  تشعرون

” O ye who believe I raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor shout loud unto him in discourse, as ye shout loud unto one another, lest your deeds should become null and void, while you perceive not” (49:2),

was revealed, Thabit b. Qais confined himself in his house and said: I am one of the denizens of Fire, and he deliberately avoided coming to the Apostle (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). The Apostle (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) asked Sa’d b, Mu’adh about him and said, Abu Amr, how is Thabit? Has he fallen sick? Sa’d said: He is my neighbour, but I do not know of his illness. Sa’d came to him (Thabit), and conveyed to him the message of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). Upon this Thabit said: This verse was revealed, and you are well aware of the fact that, amongst all of you, mine is the voice louder than that of the Messenger of Allah, and so I am one amongst the denizens of Fire, Sa’d Informed the Prophet about it. Upon this the Messenger of Allah observed: (Nay, not so) but he (Thabit) is one of the dwellers of Paradise.

Sahih Muslim 119 a

48.9 It has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه)

That it was said to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم): Would that you approached Abdullah b. Ubayy (to persuade him to accept Islam). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) (accordingly) went to him, riding a donkey, and (a party of) Muslims also went (with him). On the way they had to walk over a piece of land affected with salinity. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) approached him, he said: Do not come near me. By Allah, the obnoxious smell of your donkey has offended me. (As a rejoinder to this remark), a man from the Ansar said: By God, the smell of the donkey of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) is better than your smell. (At this), a man from the tribe of ‘Abdullah got furious. Then people from both sides got furious and exchanged blows with sticks, hands and shoes. (The narrator says) that (after this scuffle) we learnt that (the Qur’anic verse):”

 ﴾ وإن طائفتان من المؤمنين اقتتلوا فأصلحوا بينهما ﴿

If two parties of the Believers have a quarrel, make ye peace between them” (49:9)

was revealed about these fighting parties.

Sahih Muslim 1799

 

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