Benefits and Virtues of Surah 33 Al-Ahzab

virtues-benefits-surah-al-ahzab

33. Al-‘Ahzab

33.1 It was narrated from ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Sa’eed (رضي الله عنه)

That his father said: “On the day of Al-Khandaq the idolators kept us from praying Zuhr until the sun had gone down; that was before the revelation concerning fighting was revealed. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed:

﴾ وكفى الله المؤمنين القتال ﴿

Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting (33:25).

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) commanded Bilal to say the Iqamah for Zuhr prayer, and he offered it just as he used to offer it on time. Then he said the Iqamah for ‘Asr and he offered it just as he used to offer it on time. Then he called the Adhan for Maghrib and offered it on time.”

Sunan an-Nasa’I Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 662

33.2 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

“For six months, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) would pass by the door of Fatimah when going to the Fajr prayer saying: ‘As-Salat O People of the house!

﴾ إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا ﴿

Allah only wishes to remove the Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with thorough purification (33:33).'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3206

33.3 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

“We called Zaid bin Harithah nothing but ‘Zaid bin Muhammad’ until the Qur’an was revealed (ordering):

﴾ ادعوهم لآبائهم هو أقسط عند الله ﴿

Call them by their fathers, that is more just according to Allah (33:5).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3814

33.4 ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ata’ (رضي الله عنه) said,

“This ayat which is in the Qur’an,

﴾ يا أيها النبي إنا أرسلناك شاهدا ومبشرا ونذيرا ﴿

‘O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, a bringer of good news and a warner’ (33:45)

is found in the Torah in a similar form.”

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 247

33.5 Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه)

“When this Ayah was revealed:

﴾ وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه وتخشى الناس ﴿

‘But you did hide in yourself that which Allah will make manifest… (33:37)’

about Zainab bint Jahsh, Zaid had come to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) complaining, and he wanted to divorce her, so he consulted with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:

﴾ أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله ﴿

‘Keep your wife to yourself, and have Taqwa of Allah (33:37).'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3212

33.6 Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه)

“When this Ayah was revealed about Zainab bint Jahsh:

﴾ فلما قضى زيد منها وطرا زوجناكها ﴿

‘So when Zaid had completed his aim with her, We gave her to you in marriage (33:37)’

– he said: “She used to boast to the wives of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم): ‘Your families married you (to him) while Allah married me (to him) from above the Seven Heavens.'”

 Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3213

33.7 Narrated Musa bin Talhah (رضي الله عنه)

“I entered upon Mu’awiyah and he said: ‘Shall I not give you some good news?’ I said: ‘Of course!’ He said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) saying: ‘Talhah is among those fulfilled their vow [referring to

من المؤمنين رجال صدقوا ما عاهدوا الله عليه ﴿

﴾ فمنهم من قضى نحبه ومنهم من ينتظر وما بدلوا تبديلا

Among the believers are men true to what they promised Allah . Among them is he who has fulfilled his vow (to the death), and among them is he who awaits (his chance). And they did not alter (the terms of their commitment) by any alteration (33:23).]'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3741

33.8 Narrated Umm ‘Umarah Al-Ansariyyah (رضي الله عنه)

That she came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and said: “I do not see but that everything is for the men, and I do not see anything being mentioned for the women.” So this Ayah was revealed:

﴾ إن المسلمين والمسلمات والمؤمنين والمؤمنات ﴿

‘Indeed the Muslim men and the Muslim women, the believing men and the believing women… (33:35)’

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3211

33.9 Narrated ‘Umar bin Abi Salamah (رضي الله عنه)

The step-son of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم): “When these Ayat were revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم):

﴾ إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا ﴿

‘Allah only wishes to remove the Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification (33:33)’

in the home of Umm Salamah, he called for Fatimah, Hasan, Husain, and wrapped him in the cloak, and ‘Ali was behind him, so he wrapped him in the cloak, then he said: ‘O Allah! These are the people of my house, so remove the Rijs from them, and purify them with a thorough purification.’ So Umm Salamah said: ‘And I, Prophet of Allah?’ He said: ‘You are in your place (meaning you are already a member of my household), and you are goodness.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3205

33.10 Narrated Mujahid (رضي الله عنه)

From Umm Salamah that she said: “The men fight and the women do not fight, and we only get half the inheritance.’ So Allah, Blessed and Most High, revealed:

﴾ ولا تتمنوا ما فضل الله به بعضكم على بعض ﴿

‘And wish not for things in which Allah has made some of you excel over others… (4:32)’

Mujahid said:

“And the following was revealed about that:

﴾ إن المسلمين والمسلمات ﴿

‘Verily the Muslim men and the Muslim women… (33:35).

And Umm Salamah was the first camel-borne woman to arrive in Al-Madinah as an emigrant.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3022

33.11 Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه)

“My paternal uncle Anas bin An-Nadr – after whom I was named – did not participate in the battle of Badr with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). This distressed him and he said: ‘I was absent from the first battle which the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) attended. By Allah! If Allah gives me the opportunity to participate in another battle along with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), then Allah will see what I will do!'” He said: “He did not want to say more than that. A year later, he attended the battle of Uhud, where he saw Sa’d bin Mu’adh and said: ‘O Abu ‘Amr where are you going?’ He said: ‘I long for the fragrance of Paradise and I have found it near the mountains of Uhud.’ He fought them until he was killed. They found more than eighty wounds on his body, be they from blows of a sword, puncture wounds, or arrows. My paternal aunt Ar-Ruba’i bin An-Nadr said: ‘I could not recognize my brother except by his finger tips.’ And this Ayah was revealed:

من المؤمنين رجال صدقوا ما عاهدوا الله عليه ﴿

﴾ فمنهم من قضى نحبه ومنهم من ينتظر وما بدلوا تبديلا

‘Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah; of them some have fulfilled their vow, and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed in the least (33:23).'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3200

33.12 It was narrated from ‘Isa bin Hafs bin ‘Asim bin ‘Umar bin Khattab (رضي الله عنه)

That his father told him:“We were with Ibn ‘Umar on a journey, and he led us in prayer. Then we finished with him and he finished turning around, and saw some people praying. He said: ‘What are these people doing?’ I said: ‘Glorifying Allah.’* He said: ‘If I wanted to glorify Allah (perform voluntary prayer) I would have completed my prayer. O son of my brother! I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and he never prayed more than two Rak’ah when he was traveling, until Allah took his soul. Then I accompanied Abu Bakr and he never prayed more than two Rak’ah (when he was traveling), until Allah took his soul. Then I accompanied ‘Umar and he never prayed more than two Rak’ah, until Allah took his soul. Then I accompanied ‘Uthman and he never prayed more than two Rak’ah, until Allah took his soul. Allah says:

﴾ لقد كان لكم في رسول الله أسوة حسنة ﴿

‘Indeed in the Messenger of Allah [Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)] you have a good example to follow.’” (33:21)

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1071


33.13 Narrated Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Verily Musa, peace be upon him, was a shy and modest man, who would never show anything of his skin out of modesty. Some of the Children of Isra’il annoyed him by saying: ‘He only keeps himself covered because of some defect in his skin, either leprosy, a scrotal hernia or some other defect.’ Allah [the Mighty and Sublime] wanted to free Musa from what they were saying about him. One day Musa, [peace be upon him], was alone. He took off his garment, and put it on a rock, then he took a bath. When he had finished, he turned back to pick up his garment, but the rock moved away, taking his garment with it. Musa picked up his staff, and chased the rock saying: ‘My garment, O you rock! My garment, O you rock!’ Until he reached a group of the Children of Isra’il who saw him naked, and discovered that he was the best of those whom Allah had created.” He said: “The rock stood still, he took his garment and put it on. He started striking the rock with his staff, and by Allah, the marks of that beating were left on the rock; three, four, or five. This is what is referred to in the Ayah:

﴾ يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تكونوا كالذين آذوا موسى فبرأه الله مما قالوا وكان عند الله وجيها ﴿

‘O you who believe! Be not like those who annoyed Musa, but Allah freed him from what they had alleged, and he was honourable before Allah (33:69).'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3221

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s