Benefits and Virtues of Surah 108 Al-Kawthar

virtues-benefits-surah-al-kawthar

108. Al-Kawthar

108.1 Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه) narrated

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was asked: “What is Al-Kawthar?” He said: “That is a river that Allah has given me”- that is, in Paradise- ‘whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. In it are birds whose necks are like the necks of camels.” ‘Umar said: “Indeed this is plump and luxurious then.” So the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Those who consume it are more plump than it.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 12, Hadith 2542

108.2 Narrated Anas ibn Malik (رضي الله عنه)

When the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was lifted to the heavens (for travelling) in Paradise, or as he said, a river whose banks were of transparent or hollowed pearls was presented to him. The angel who was with him struck it with his hand and took out musk. Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) then asked the angel who was with him: What is this? He replied: It is al-Kawthar which Allah has given you.

Sunan Abi Dawud 4748

108.3 It was narrated that Anas in Malik (رضي الله عنه) said

“One day when he – the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) – was still among us, he took a nap, then he raised his head, smiling. We said to him: ‘Why are you smiling, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said: ‘Just now this Surah was revealed to me: In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Verily, We have granted you (O Muahmmad) Al-Kawthar. Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). For he who hates you, he will be cut off.’ Then he said: ‘Do you know what Al-Kawthar is?’ We said: ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said: ‘It is a river that my Lord has promised me in Paradise. Its vessels are more than the number of the stars. My Ummah will come to me, then a man among them will be pulled away and I will say: “O Lord, he is one of my Ummah” and He will say to me: ‘You do not know what he did after you were gone.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 904

108.4 Abu Dharr (رضي الله عنه) said

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), what about the vessels of that Cistern? He said: By Him in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the vessels would outnumber the stars in the sky and its planets shining on a dark cloudless night. These would be the vessels of Paradise. He who drinks out of it (the Cistern) would never feel thirsty. There would flow in it two spouts from Paradise and he who would drink out of it would not feel thirsty; and the distance between its (two corners) is that between ‘Amman and Aila, and its water is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey.

Sahih Muslim 2300

108.5 Thauban (رضي الله عنه) reported

Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) as saying:I would be pushing back from my Cistern the crowd of people. I would strike away from it (the Cistern) with my staff the people of Yemen until the water (of the Haud) would spout forth upon them. He was asked about its breadth. He said: From this place of mine to ‘Amman, and he was asked about the drink and he said: It is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. There would spout into it two streamlets having their sources in Paradise. the one is from gold and the other is from silver. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham with the same chain of transmitters and the words are:” I would be on the Day of Resurrection near the bank of the Cistern.”

Sahih Muslim 2301 a, b

108.6 ‘Amir b. Sa’d b. Abu Waqqas (رضي الله عنه) reported

I wrote (a letter) to Jabir b. Samura (and it was sent) through my servant Nafi’ asking him to inform me about something (pertaining to the Haud Kauthar). He wrote to me: I heard him (the Holy Prophet) say: I shall be there ahead of you at the Haud Kauthar.

Sahih Muslim 2305 b

108.7 It was narrated from Sunabih Al-Ahmasi (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:“I shall reach the Cistern (Haud) before you, and I will boast of your great numbers before the nations, so do not fight one another after me.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah 3944

108.8 ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amir (رضي الله عنه) said

One day the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) went out and asked Allah’s forgiveness for the martyrs of the battle of Uhud after eight years. It seemed that by so doing, he bid farewell to the living and the dead. He then came back, rose to the pulpit and said, “I shall be your precursor; I am a witness for you (before Allah), and I will be present before you at the River (Haud Al-Kauthar). By Allah I can see with my own eyes the Haud from this place. I am not afraid that you will associate anything with Allah in worship after (my demise), but I apprehend that you will vie with one another for the life of the world.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 19, Hadith 53

108.9 It has been narrated on the authority of Usaid b. Hudair (رضي الله عنه)

That a man from the Ansar took the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) aside and said to him,Will you not appoint me governor as you have appointed so and so?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said: ‘You will surely come across preferential treatment after me, so you should be patient until you meet me at the Cistern (Haud-i-Kauthar).’

Sahih Muslim 1845 a

108.10 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) went to the (Baqi’) cemetery and said, “May you be secured from punishment, O dwellers of abode of the believers! We, if Allah wills, will follow you. I wish we see my brothers.” The Companions said, “O Messenger of Allah! Are not we your brothers?” He (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “You are my Companions, but my brothers are those who have not come into the world yet.” They said; “O Messenger of Allah! How will you recognize those of your Ummah who are not born yet?” He (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Say, if a man has white-footed horses with white foreheads among horses which are pure black, will he not recognize his own horses?” They said; “Certainly, O Messenger of Allah!” He (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “They (my followers) will come with bright faces and white limbs because of Wudu’; and I will arrive at the Haud (Al-Kauthar) ahead of them.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 9, Hadith 39

108.11 Abdullah b. Zaid (رضي الله عنه) reported

That when the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) conquered Hunain he distributed the booty, and he bestowed upon those whose hearts it was intended to win. It was conveyed to him (the Holy Prophet) that the Ansar cherished a desire that they should be given (that very portion) which the people (of Quraish) had got. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) stood up and, after having praised Allah and lauded Him, addressed them thus:

O people of Ansar, did I not find you erring and Allah guided you aright through me, and (in the state of) being destitute and Allah made you free from want through me, and in a state of disunity and Allah united you through me, and they (the Ansar) said: Allah and His Messenger are most benevolent. He (again) said: Why do you not answer me? They said: Allah and His Messenger are the most benevolent. He said, If you wish you should say so and so, and the event (should take) such and such course (and in this connection he made a mention) of so many things. ‘Amr is under the impression that he has not been able to remember them. He (the Holy Prophet) further said: Don’t you feel happy (over this state of affairs) that the people should go away with goats and camels, and you go to your places along with the Messenger of Allah? The Ansar are inner garments (more close to me) and (other) people are outer garments. Had there not been migration, I would have been a man from among the Ansar. If the people were to tread a valley or a narrow path, I would tread the valley (chosen) by the Ansar or narrow path (trodden) by them. And you would soon find after me preferences (over you in getting material benefits). So you should show patience till you meet me at the Haud (Kauthar).

Sahih Muslim 1061

108.12 Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه) reported

That when on the Day of Hunain Allah conferred upon His Apostle (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) the riches of Hawazin (without armed encounter), the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) set about distributing to some persons of Quraish one hundred camels Upon this they (the young people from the Ansar) said

May Allah grant pardon to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) that he bestowed (these camels) upon the people of Quraish, and he ignored us, whereas our swords are still dripping blood. Anas b. Malik said: Their statement was conveyed to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and he sent (someone) to the Ansar and gathered them under a tent of leather. When they had assembled, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) came to them and said: What is this news that has reached me from you? The wise people of the Ansar said: Messenger of Allah, so far as the sagacious amongst us are concerned they have said nothing, but we have amongst us persons of immature age; they said: May Allah grant pardon to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) that he gave to the Quraish and ignored us (despite the fact) that our swords are besmeared with their blood. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: I give (at times material gifts) to persons who were quite recently in the state of unbelief, so that I may incline them to truth Don’t you feel delighted that people should go with riches, and you should go back to your places with the Messenger of Allah? By Allah, that with which you would return is better than that with which they would return. They said: Yes, Messenger of Allah, we are pleased. The Prophet said too: You would find marked preference (in conferring of the material gifts) in future, so you should show patience till you meet Allah and His Messenger and I would he at the Haud Kauthar. They said: We would show patience.

Sahih Muslim 1059 a

108.13 Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Between my house and my pulpit there is a garden of the gardens of Paradise, and my pulpit is on my fountain tank (i.e. Al-Kauthar).”

Sahih al-Bukhari 1196

108.14 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported

Verily Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: My Cistern has its dimensions wider than the distance between Aila and Aden, and its water is whiter than ice and sweeter than the honey diluted with milk, and its cups are more numerous than the numbers of the stars. Verily I shall prevent the (faithless) people therefrom just as a man prevents the camels of the people from his fountain. They said: Messenger of Allah, will you recognise us on that day? He said: Yes, you will have distinctive marks which nobody among the peoples (except you) will have; you would come to me with blazing forehead and bright hands and feet on account of the traces of ablution.

Sahih Muslim 247a

108.15 This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) and the words are

That he said there would be before you a Cistern extending from jarba’ and Adhruh and the same has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Muthanna and the wording is:” My Cistern.”

Sahih Muslim 2299 b

108.16 Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه) reported

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) as saying:My Cistern would be as extensive as the distance between Aila and San’a, of Yemen, and there would be in it jugs like stars in the sky.

Sahih Muslim 2303 a

108.17 It was narrated from Anas (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:“The distance between the two ends of my Cistern is like the distance between San’a and Al-Madinah,’ or ‘between Al-Madinah and ‘Amman.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4304

108.18 It was narrated that Kab bin Ujrah said:

“The Messenger of Allah came out to us and we were nine, fie and four, some ‘Arabs and some non- ‘Arabs. He said: ‘Listen. Have you heard that after me there will be rulers, whoever enters upon them and believes their lies and help them in their wrongdoing is not of me, and I am not of him, and he will not come to me at the Cistern? Whoever does not enter upon them or belive their lies or help them in their wrongdoing is of me and I am of him, and he will come to me at the Cistern.”‘

Sunan an-Nasa’i 4208

108.19 ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) reported

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) as saying:There would be before you a Cistern (as extensive) as there is the distance between Jarba’ and Adhruh and there would be jugs like stars in the sky; he who would come to that and drink from it would never feel thirsty after that.

Sahih Muslim 2299 e

108.20 It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “I have a Cistern, (as large as the distance) between the Ka’bah and Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem). (It is) whiter than milk, and its vessels are the number of the stars. I will be the Prophet with the most followers on the Day of Resurrection.”

 Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4301

108.21 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported

Verily Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: My Cistern has its dimensions wider than the distance between Aila and Aden, and its water is whiter than ice and sweeter than the honey diluted with milk, and its cups are more numerous than the numbers of the stars. Verily I shall prevent the (faithless) people therefrom just as a man prevents the camels of the people from his fountain. They said: Messenger of Allah, will you recognise us on that day? He said: Yes, you will have distinctive marks which nobody among the peoples (except you) will have; you would come to me with blazing forehead and bright hands and feet on account of the traces of ablution.

Sahih Muslim 247a

108.22 It was narrated that Abu Sallam Al-Habashi (رضي الله عنه) said

“Umar bin ‘Abdul-‘Aziz sent for me and I came to him upon the riding animal prepared for swift mail delivery. When I came to him, he said: ‘We have caused you some trouble O Abu Sallam.’ He said: ‘Yes, by Allah, O Commander of the Believers!’ He said: ‘By Allah, we did not want to cause you any hardship, but there is a Hadith which I have heard that you narrate from Thawban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), concerning the Cistern, and I wanted to hear it directly from you.’ He said: “I said: ‘Thawban, the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), told me that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “My Cistern is (wider than) the distance between Ailah and ‘Aden. It is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey, and its cups are as many as the stars in the sky. Whoever drinks from it will never feel thirst again. The first ones who come to drink from it will be the poor Muhajirin, with dirty clothes and disheveled hair, who do not marry refined women and for whom no doors are opened.” ‘Umar wept until his beard became wet, then he said: ‘But I have married refined women and doors have been opened for me. Certainly I will not wash the clothes that are on my body until they become dirt, and I will not comb my hair until it becomes disheveled.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4303

108.23 It has been narrated on the authority of Amir b. Sa’d b. Abu Waqqas (رضي الله عنه) who said

I wrote (a letter) to Jabir b. Samura and sent it to him through my servant Nafi’, asking him to inform me of something he had heard from the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). He wrote to me (in reply): I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) say on Friday evening, the day on which al-Aslami was stoned to death (for committing adultery): The Islamic religion will continue until the Hour has been established, or you have been ruled over by twelve Caliphs, all of them being from the Quraish. also heard him say: A small force of the Muslims will capture the white palace, the police of the Persian Emperor or his descendants. I also heard him say: Before the Day of Judgment there will appear (a number of) impostors. You are to guard against them. I also heard him say: When God grants wealth to any one of you, he should first spend it on himself and his family (and then give it in charity to the poor). I heard him (also) say: I will be your forerunner at the Cistern (expecting your arrival).

Sahih Muslim 1822 a

108.24 Narrated Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه)

The word ‘Al-Kauthar’ means the abundant good which Allah gave to him [the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)]. Abu Bishr said: I said to Sa`id, “Some people claim that it (Al-Kauthar) is a river in Paradise.” Sa`id replied, “The river which is in Paradise is one item of that good which Allah has bestowed upon him (Muhammad).

Sahih al-Bukhari 6578

108.25 Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrated

[Regarding Allah, Most High’s saying]

 ﴾ إنا أعطيناك الكوثر ﴿

‘Verily We have granted you Al-Kauthar’ (108:1)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “It is a river in Paradise.” He said: “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: ‘I saw a river in Paradise, whose banks had tents were made of pearl. I said: “What is this O Jibril?’” He said: “This is Al-Kauthar which Allah has granted you.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3359

108.26 `Abdullah bin `Umar (رضي الله عنه) narrated that

The Messenger of Allah said: “Al-Kauthar is a river in Paradise, whose banks are of gold, and it flows over pearls and corundum. Its dirt is purer than musk, and its water is sweeter than honey and whiter than milk.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3361

108.27 It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Kauthar is a river in Paradise whose banks are of gold and its bed is of rubies and pearls. Its soil is more fragrant than musk, its water is sweeter than honey and whiter than snow.”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4334

108.28 Narrated Yahya bin Sa`id (رضي الله عنه)

Once the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) called the Ansar in order to grant them part of the land of Bahrain. On that they said, “No! By Allah, we will not accept it unless you grant a similar thing to our Quraish brothers as well.” He said, “That will be their’s if Allah wishes.” But when the Ansar persisted in their request, he said, “After me you will see others given preference over you in this respect (in which case) you should be patient till you meet me at the Tank (of Al-Kauthar).

Sahih al-Bukhari 3163

108.29 Narrated `Uqba bin ‘Amir (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) went out and offered the funeral prayer for the martyrs of the (battle of) Uhud and then ascended the pulpit and said, “I am your predecessor and I am a witness against you. By Allah, I am now looking at my Tank-lake (Al-Kauthar) and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that after me you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that you will start competing for (the pleasures of) this world.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6426

108.30 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “While I was walking in Paradise (on the night of Mi’raj), I saw a river, on the two banks of which there were tents made of hollow pearls. I asked, “What is this, O Gabriel?’ He said, ‘That is the Kauthar which Your Lord has given to you.’ Behold! Its scent or its mud was sharp smelling musk!”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6581

108.31 Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrated

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said“While I was traveling through Paradise, a river appeared before me whose banks had tents of pearl. I said to the angel: ‘What is this?’ He said: ‘This is Al-Kauthar, which Allah has granted you.’” He said: “Then he put his hand in the clay, and removed musk from it, then I was raised up to Sidrat Al-Muntaha so I saw a magnificent light at it.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3360

108.32 Al-Qasim bin Al-Fadl Al-Huddani (رضي الله عنه)

Narrated from Yusuf bin Sa’d, who said“A man stood up in front of Al-Hasan bin Ali, after he pledged to Mu’awiyah, so he said: ‘You have made fools of the believers.’ – or: ‘O you who has made fools of the believers’ – So he said: ‘Do not scold me so, may Allah have mercy upon you, for indeed the Prophet had a dream in which he saw Banu Umayyah upon his Minbar. That distressed him, so (the following) was revealed: Verily We have granted you Al-Kauthar (O Muhammad) meaning a river in Paradise, and (the following) was revealed: ‘Verily We have sent it down on the Night of Al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months, in which Banu Umayyah rules after you O Muhammad.” Al-Qasim said: “So we counted them, and found that they were one-thousand months, not a day more nor less.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3350

108.33 Abdullah b. Zaid (رضي الله عنه) reported

That when the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) conquered Hunain he distributed the booty, and he bestowed upon those whose hearts it was intended to win. It was conveyed to him (the Holy Prophet) that the Ansar cherished a desire that they should be given (that very portion) which the people (of Quraish) had got. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) stood up and, after having praised Allah and lauded Him, addressed them thus:

O people of Ansar, did I not find you erring and Allah guided you aright through me, and (in the state of) being destitute and Allah made you free from want through me, and in a state of disunity and Allah united you through me, and they (the Ansar) said: Allah and His Messenger are most benevolent. He (again) said: Why do you not answer me? They said: Allah and His Messenger are the most benevolent. He said, If you wish you should say so and so, and the event (should take) such and such course (and in this connection he made a mention) of so many things. ‘Amr is under the impression that he has not been able to remember them. He (the Holy Prophet) further said: Don’t you feel happy (over this state of affairs) that the people should go away with goats and camels, and you go to your places along with the Messenger of Allah? The Ansar are inner garments (more close to me) and (other) people are outer garments. Had there not been migration, I would have been a man from among the Ansar. If the people were to tread a valley or a narrow path, I would tread the valley (chosen) by the Ansar or narrow path (trodden) by them. And you would soon find after me preferences (over you in getting material benefits). So you should show patience till you meet me at the Haud (Kauthar).

Sahih Muslim 1061

108.34 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

When Allah favored His Apostle with the properties of Hawazin tribe as Fai (booty), he started giving to some Quarries men even up to one-hundred camels each, whereupon some Ansari men said about Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), “May Allah forgive His Apostle! He is giving to (men of) Quraish and leaves us, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dropping blood (of the infidels)” When Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was informed of what they had said, he called the Ansar and gathered them in a leather tent and did not call anybody else along, with them. When they gathered, Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) came to them and said, “What is the statement which, I have been informed, and that which you have said?” The learned ones among them replied,” O Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)! The wise ones amongst us did not say anything, but the youngsters amongst us said, ‘May Allah forgive His Apostle; he gives the Quarish and leaves the Ansar, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dribbling (wet) with the blood of the infidels.’ ” Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) replied, I give to such people as are still close to the period of Infidelity (i.e. they have recently embraced Islam and Faith is still weak in their hearts). Won’t you be pleased to see people go with fortune, while you return with Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) to your houses? By Allah, what you will return with, is better than what they are returning with.” The Ansar replied, “Yes, O Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), we are satisfied’ Then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to them.” You will find after me, others being preferred to you. Then be patient till you meet Allah and meet His Apostle at Al-Kauthar (i.e. a fount in Paradise).” (Anas added:) But we did not remain patient.

Sahih al-Bukhari 3147

108.35 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

The night Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was taken for a journey from the sacred mosque (of Mecca) Al-Ka`ba: Three persons came to him (in a dreamy while he was sleeping in the Sacred Mosque before the Divine Inspiration was revealed to Him. One of them said, “Which of them is he?” The middle (second) angel said, “He is the best of them.” The last (third) angle said, “Take the best of them.” Only that much happened on that night and he did not see them till they came on another night, i.e. after The Divine Inspiration was revealed to him. (Fath-ul-Bari Page 258, Vol. 17) and he saw them, his eyes were asleep but his heart was not—-and so is the case with the prophets: their eyes sleep while their hearts do not sleep. So those angels did not talk to him till they carried him and placed him beside the well of Zamzam. From among them Gabriel took charge of him. Gabriel cut open (the part of his body) between his throat and the middle of his chest (heart) and took all the material out of his chest and `Abdomen and then washed it with Zamzam water with his own hands till he cleansed the inside of his body, and then a gold tray containing a gold bowl full of belief and wisdom was brought and then Gabriel stuffed his chest and throat blood vessels with it and then closed it (the chest). He then ascended with him to the heaven of the world and knocked on one of its doors. The dwellers of the Heaven asked, ‘Who is it?’ He said, “Gabriel.” They said, “Who is accompanying you?” He said, “Muhammad.” They said, “Has he been called?” He said, “Yes” They said, “He is welcomed.” So the dwellers of the Heaven became pleased with his arrival, and they did not know what Allah would do to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) on earth unless Allah informed them. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) met Adam over the nearest Heaven. Gabriel said to the Prophet, “He is your father; greet him.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) greeted him and Adam returned his greeting and said, “Welcome, O my Son! O what a good son you are!” Behold, he saw two flowing rivers, while he was in the nearest sky. He asked, “What are these two rivers, O Gabriel?” Gabriel said, “These are the sources of the Nile and the Euphrates.” Then Gabriel took him around that Heaven and behold, he saw another river at the bank of which there was a palace built of pearls and emerald. He put his hand into the river and found its mud like musk Adhfar. He asked, “What is this, O Gabriel?” Gabriel said, “This is the Kauthar which your Lord has kept for you.” Then Gabriel ascended (with him) to the second Heaven and the angels asked the same questions as those on the first Heaven, i.e., “Who is it?” Gabriel replied, “Gabriel”. They asked, “Who is accompanying you?” He said, “Muhammad.” They asked, “Has he been sent for?” He said, “Yes.” Then they said, “He is welcomed.” Then he (Gabriel) ascended with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) to the third Heaven, and the angels said the same as the angels of the first and the second Heavens had said. Then he ascended with him to the fourth Heaven and they said the same; and then he ascended with him to the fifth Heaven and they said the same; and then he ascended with him to the sixth Heaven and they said the same; then he ascended with him to the seventh Heaven and they said the same. On each Heaven there were prophets whose names he had mentioned and of whom I remember Idris on the second Heaven, Aaron on the fourth Heavens another prophet whose name I don’t remember, on the fifth Heaven, Abraham on the sixth Heaven, and Moses on the seventh Heaven because of his privilege of talking to Allah directly. Moses said (to Allah), “O Lord! I thought that none would be raised up above me.” But Gabriel ascended with him (the Prophet) for a distance above that, the distance of which only Allah knows, till he reached the Lote Tree (beyond which none may pass) and then the Irresistible, the Lord of Honor and Majesty approached and came closer till he (Gabriel) was about two bow lengths or (even) nearer. (It is said that it was Gabriel who approached and came closer to the Prophet. (Fate Al-Bari Page 263, 264, Vol. 17). Among the things which Allah revealed to him then, was: “Fifty prayers were enjoined on his followers in a day and a night.” Then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) descended till he met Moses, and then Moses stopped him and asked, “O Muhammad ! What did your Lord en join upon you?” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) replied,” He enjoined upon me to perform fifty prayers in a day and a night.” Moses said, “Your followers cannot do that; Go back so that your Lord may reduce it for you and for them.” So the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) turned to Gabriel as if he wanted to consult him about that issue. Gabriel told him of his opinion, saying, “Yes, if you wish.” So Gabriel ascended with him to the Irresistible and said while he was in his place, “O Lord, please lighten our burden as my followers cannot do that.” So Allah deducted for him ten prayers where upon he returned to Moses who stopped him again and kept on sending him back to his Lord till the enjoined prayers were reduced to only five prayers. Then Moses stopped him when the prayers had been reduced to five and said, “O Muhammad! By Allah, I tried to persuade my nation, Bani Israel to do less than this, but they could not do it and gave it up. However, your followers are weaker in body, heart, sight and hearing, so return to your Lord so that He may lighten your burden.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) turned towards Gabriel for advice and Gabriel did not disapprove of that. So he ascended with him for the fifth time. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “O Lord, my followers are weak in their bodies, hearts, hearing and constitution, so lighten our burden.” On that the Irresistible said, “O Muhammad!” the Prophet replied, “Labbaik and Sa`daik.” Allah said, “The Word that comes from Me does not change, so it will be as I enjoined on you in the Mother of the Book.” Allah added, “Every good deed will be rewarded as ten times so it is fifty (prayers) in the Mother of the Book (in reward) but you are to perform only five (in practice).” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) returned to Moses who asked, “What have you done?” He said, “He has lightened our burden: He has given us for every good deed a tenfold reward.” Moses said, “By Allah! I tried to make Bani Israel observe less than that, but they gave it up. So go back to your Lord that He may lighten your burden further.” Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “O Moses! By Allah, I feel shy of returning too many times to my Lord.” On that Gabriel said, “Descend in Allah’s Name.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) then woke while he was in the Sacred Mosque (at Mecca).

Sahih al-Bukhari 7517

108.36 Narrated Zaid bin Arqam (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:”Indeed, I am leaving among you, that which if you hold fast to them, you shall not be misguided after me. One of them is greater than the other: The Book of Allah is a rope extended from the sky to the earth, and my family – the people of my house – and they shall not split until they meet at the Hawd, so look at how you deal with them after me.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3788

108.37 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه): “You are my companion at the Hawd, and my companion in the cave.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3670

108.38 Samurah (رضي الله عنه) narrated

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Indeed there is a Hawd for every Prophet, and indeed they compete to see which of them has the most arriving at it. Indeed I hope that mine will be the one with the most arrival.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 11, Hadith 2443

108.39 Ka’b bin Ujrah (رضي الله عنه) narrated

“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to me: ‘I seek refuge in Allah for you O Ka’b bin Ujrah from leader that will be after me. Whoever comes to their doors to approve of their lies and supports them in their oppression, then he is not of me and I am not of him, and he will not meet me at the Hawd. And whoever comes to their doors, or he does not come, and he does not approve of their lies and he does not support them in their oppression, then he is from me and I am from him, and he will meet me at the Hawd. Ka’ab bin Ujrah! Salat is clear proof, and Sawm (fasting) is an impregnable shield, and Sadaqah (charity) extinguishes sins just as water extinguishes fire. O Ka’b bin Ujrah! There is no flesh raised that sprouts from the unlawful except that the Fire is more appropriate for it.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 614

108.40 An-Nadr bin Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه) narrated from his father who said:

“I asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) to intercede for me on the Day of Judgement. He said: ‘I am the one to do so.'” [He said:] “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Then where shall I seek you?’ He said: ‘Seek me, the first time you should seek me is on the Sirat.'” [He said:] “I said: ‘If I do not meet you upon the Sirat?’ He said: ‘Then seek me at the Mizan.’ I said:’And if I do not meet you at the Mizan?’ He said: ‘Then seek me at the Hawd, for indeed I will not me missed at these three locations.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidh Vol. 4, Book 11, Hadith 2433

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