Benefits and Virtues of Surah 54 Al-Qamar

virtues-benefits-surah-al-qamar

54. Al-Qamar

54.1 It was narrated from ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه)

“Umar (رضي الله عنه) went out on the day of ‘Eid and sent word to Abu Waqid Al-Laithi (رضي الله عنه) asking what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to recite on this day. He said: ‘Qaf [Qaf (50)] and ‘Iqtarabat’.” [Al-Qamar (54)]

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1282

54.2 Narrated Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) in Mina, when the moon was cleft asunder into two parts. Part of it was behind the mountain, and part of it before it. The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to us: ‘Bear witness’ meaning:

﴾ اقتربت الساعة وانشق القمر ﴿

The hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (54:1).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3285

54.3 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

The people of Mecca asked Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) to show them a miracle. So he showed them the moon split in two halves between which they saw the Hira’ mountain.

Sahih al-Bukhari 3868

54.4 Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه)

“The people of Makkah asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) for a sign, so the moon was cleft asunder in Makkah two times (meaning two parts), so the following was revealed:

﴾ اقتربت الساعة وانشق القمر ﴿

﴾ وإن يروا آية يعرضوا ويقولوا سحر مستمر ﴿

‘The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder. And if they see a miracle, they turn away and say, “Passing magic.” (54:1-2)'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3286

54.5 Imam Bayhaqi (رحمه الله) in Shuayb-ul-Iman narrated that Hazrat Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said

The reciter of Iqtarabati (Surah 54 Al-Qamar) at night is called as “the Shining one” (مُبَیَّضَہ)
as the face of the person who reads it will be bright and radiant on the Day when the faces (of believers) will glow (i.e. on Resurrection).

(Shuayb-ul-Iman 2/490, Dur al-Manthur)

54.6 Imam Daylami (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat ‘Aisha (رضي الله عنها) that

Whoever recites Alif Lam Meem Tanzeelu (Surah 32 As-Sajdah), Ya-seen (Surah 36), Iqtarabati Assaatu (Surah 54 Al-Qamar) and Tabaraka Allathee Biyadihi Al-Mulku (Surah 67 Al-Mulk) then they will be a light (Noor) for him. They will protect him from Shaytan (Satan) and Shirk (polytheism) and on the Day of Qiyamah (Resurrection), they will be cause for his elevation in the ranks (إن شاء الله‎).

(Al-Firdaws Bima Thur al-Khitab 5/425, Dur al-Manthur)

54.7 Imam Ibn Dharis (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Farwah (رحمه الله) that

Whoever recites Iqtarabati Assaatu Wanshaqqa Al-Qamar (Surah 54 Al-Qamar) in every two nights, Allah (جل جلاله) will raise him on the Day of Resurrection in such a way that his face will be shining like the moon of the fourteenth night (i.e. full moon).

(Dur al-Manthur)

54.8 Imam Ibn Dharis (رحمه الله) recorded from the sanad (citation) of Laith an-Muan an-Shaikh from Hamdan who narrated that

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said,Whoever recites Iqtarabati Assaatu (Surah 54 Al-Qamar) in on alternate nights till his death, then he will meet Allah (on the Day of Resurrection) in such a way that his face will be shining like the moon of the fourteenth night (i.e. full moon).”

(Dur al-Manthur)

54.9 Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) would recite:

﴾ فهل من مدكر ﴿

“Then is there anyone who would remember? (54:17)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 43, Hadith 2937

54.10 Narrated Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه)

“The idolaters of the Quraish came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) arguing about Qadar, so the following was revealed:

﴾ يوم يسحبون في النار على وجوههم ذوقوا مس سقر ﴿

﴾ إنا كل شيء خلقناه بقدر ﴿

The day they will be dragged on their faces into the Fire. Taste you the touch of Hell! Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (54:48-49).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3290

54.11 ‘Ata (رضي الله عنه) said:

The bishop of Najran came to the Messenger of Allah, (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and said: ‘O Muhammad, you claim that sins are created by measure and that the seas and heaven are also created by measure. If it is true that the seas and heaven are created by measure, sins nevertheless cannot be’. The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: ‘You are Allah’s adversaries!’ And then Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) revealed

﴾ إن المجرمين في ضلال وسعر ﴿

Indeed, the criminals are in error and madness.

﴾ يوم يسحبون في النار على وجوههم ذوقوا مس سقر ﴿

The Day they are dragged into the Fire on their faces [it will be said], “Taste the touch of Saqar.”

﴾ إنا كل شيء خلقناه بقدر ﴿

Indeed, all things We created with predestination. (54:47-49)

Ibn Abi Zurarah al-Ansari narrated from his father (رضي الله عنهم) who related that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) read this verse “Lo! the guilty are in error and madness (54:47)” and then said: “This verse was revealed about some future people from amongst this community who will deny the Destiny of Allah (عز وجل)”.

(Abridged from Asbab Al-Nuzul)

54.12 Narrated Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

Alqamah and al-Aswad said: A man came to Ibn Mas’ud. He said: I recite the Mufassal* surahs in one rak’ah. You might recite it quickly as one recites verse (poetry) quickly, or as the dried dates fall down (from the tree).

But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to recite two equal surahs in one rak’ah; he would recite (for instance) surahs an-Najm (53) and ar-Rahman (55) in one rak’ah, surahs Iqtarabat (54) and al-Haqqah (69) in one rak’ah, surahs at-Tur (52) and adh-Dhariyat (51) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Waqi’ah (56) and Nun (68) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Ma’arij (70) and an-Nazi’at (79) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Mutaffifin (83) and Abasa (80) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Muddaththir (74) and al-Muzzammil (73) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Insan (76) and al-Qiyamah (75) in one rak’ah, surahs an-Naba’ (78) and al-Mursalat (77) in one rak’ah, and surahs ad-Dukhan (44) and at-Takwir (81) in one rak’ah.

Abu Dawud said: This is the arrangement of Ibn Mas’ud himself.

[*Short Surahs at the end of the Qur’an (Chapters 50 to 114)]

Sunan Abi Dawud 1396

54.13 Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليه السلام) said that

The one who recites Surat Al-Qamar will have a mount from Jannah on which he will sit when he wakes from his grave.

(Fawaid-e-Qur’an)

54.14 Duas

﴾ فدعا ربه أني مغلوب فانتصر ﴿

So he invoked his Lord, “Indeed, I am overpowered, so help.” (54:10)

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