14.1 Narrated Al-Bara (رضي الله عنه)
That regarding Allah’s saying:
﴾ يثبت الله الذين آمنوا بالقول الثابت في الحياة الدنيا وفي الآخرة ﴿
Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter (14:27).
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “In the grave, when it is said to him: ‘Who is your Lord? What is your religion? And who is your Prophet?'”
14.2 Narrated Masruq (رضي الله عنه)
“‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) recited this Ayah:
﴾ يوم تبدل الأرض غير الأرض والسماوات وبرزوا لله الواحد القهار ﴿
[It will be] on the Day the earth will be replaced by another earth, and the heavens [as well], and all creatures will come out before Allah, the One, the Prevailing. (14:48).
She said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)! Where will the people be?’ He said: ‘Upon the Sirat.'”
14.3 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)
“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was brought a dish with unripe dates on it. He said:
﴾ ألم تر كيف ضرب الله مثلا كلمة طيبة كشجرة طيبة أصلها ثابت وفرعها في السماء ﴿
Have you not considered how Allah presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky? (14:24)
﴾ تؤتي أكلها كل حين بإذن ربها ويضرب الله الأمثال للناس لعلهم يتذكرون ﴿
It produces its fruit all the time, by permission of its Lord. And Allah presents examples for the people that perhaps they will be reminded (14:25).’
And he said: ‘It is the date-palm.’
﴾ ومثل كلمة خبيثة كشجرة خبيثة اجتثت من فوق الأرض ما لها من قرار ﴿
And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability (14:26).
He said: ‘It is the colocynth tree.'”
14.4 Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) reported:
Ibrahim (عليه السلام) faced Ka’bah, raised his both hands and supplicated:
ربنا إني أسكنت من ذريتي بواد غير ذي زرع عند بيتك المحرم ﴿
﴾ ربنا ليقيموا الصلاة فاجعل أفئدة من الناس تهوي إليهم وارزقهم من الثمرات لعلهم يشكرون
“Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful (14:37)”.
14.5 ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘as (رضي الله عنه) reported
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited the Words of Allah, the Exalted, and the Glorious, about Ibrahim (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) who said:
﴾ رب إنهن أضللن كثيرا من الناس فمن تبعني فإنه مني ومن عصاني فإنك غفور رحيم ﴿
“My Lord, indeed they have led astray many among the people. So whoever follows me – then he is of me; and whoever disobeys me – indeed, You are [yet] Forgiving and Merciful (14:36).”
and those of ‘Isa (عليه السلام) who said:
﴾ إن تعذبهم فإنهم عبادك وإن تغفر لهم فإنك أنت العزيز الحكيم ﴿
“If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise” (5:118).
Then he (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) raised up his hands and said, “O Allah! My Ummah, my Ummah,” and wept; Allah, the Exalted, said: “O Jibril (Gabriel)! Go to Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and ask him: ‘What makes you weep?” So Jibril came to him and asked him (the reason of his weeping) and the Messenger of Allah informed him what he had said (though Allah knew it well). Upon this Allah said: “Jibril, go to Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and say: ‘Verily, We will please you with regard to your Ummah and will never displease you”.
14.6 Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) reported
Ibrahim (عليه السلام) brought his wife and her son Isma’il (عليه السلام), while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka’bah under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest place in the mosque. In those days, there was no human being in Makkah, nor was there any water. So he made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water, and set out homeward. Isma’il’s mother followed him saying: “O Ibrahim! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?” She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him: “Has Allah commanded you to do so?” He said: “Yes.” She said: “Then He will not neglect us.” She returned while Ibrahim proceeded onwards. Having reached the Thaniya, where they could not see him, he faced Ka’bah, raised his both hands and supplicated:
ربنا إني أسكنت من ذريتي بواد غير ذي زرع عند بيتك المحرم ﴿
﴾ ربنا ليقيموا الصلاة فاجعل أفئدة من الناس تهوي إليهم وارزقهم من الثمرات لعلهم يشكرون
“O our Rubb! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) in order, O our Rubb, that they may perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks.” (14:37).
Isma’il’s mother went on suckling Isma’il and drinking from the water which she had. When the water in the water-skin had all been used up, she became thirsty and her child also became thirsty. She started looking at Isma’il, tossing in agony. She left him, for she could not endure looking at him, and found that the mountain of As-Safa was the nearest mountain to her on that land. She stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly so that she might see somebody, but she could not see anybody. Then she descended from As-Safa, and when she reached the valley, she tucked up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and trouble till she crossed the valley and reached Al-Marwah mountain where she stood and started looking, expecting to see somebody, but she could not see anybody.
She repeated that (running between As-Safa and Al-Marwah) seven times.” Ibn ‘Abbas further related: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “This is the source of the tradition of the Sa’y – i.e., the going of people between the two mountains. When she reached Al-Marwah (for the last time), she heard a voice and she exclaimed: ‘Shshs!’ (Silencing herself) and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said: ‘O (whoever you may be) You have made me hear your voice; have you any succour for me?’ And behold! She saw an angel at the place of Zamzam, digging the earth with his heel (or with his wing), till water flowed out from that place. She started to make something like of a basin around it, using her hands in this way and began to fill her water- skin with water with her hands, and the water was flowing out until she had scooped some of it.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) further said, “May Allah bestow mercy on Isma’il’s mother! Had she let the Zamzam flow without trying to control it (or had she not scooped in that water) while filling her water-skin, Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) further added, “Then she drank (water) and suckled her child. The angel said to her: ‘Do not be afraid of being neglected, for this is the site on which the House of Allah will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah will never let neglected His people.’
The House of Allah (the Ka’bah) at that time was on a high place resembling a hillock, and when torrents came, they flowed to its right and left. She continued living in that way till some people from the tribe of Jurhum passed by her and her child. As they were coming from through the way of Kada’, in the lower part of Makkah where they saw a bird that had a habit of flying around water and not leaving it. They said: ‘This bird must be flying over water, though we know that there is no water in this valley.’ They sent one or two messengers who discovered the source of water, and returned to inform them of the water. So, they all came towards the water.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) added, “Isma’il’s mother was sitting near the water. They asked her: ‘Do you allow us to stay with you?’ She replied: ‘Yes, but you will have no right to possess the water.’ They agreed to that.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) further said, “Isma’il’s mother was pleased with the whole situation as she used to love the company of the people. So, they settled there, and later on they sent for their families who came and settled with them. The child (i.e., Isma’il) grew up and learnt Arabic from them (his virtues) caused them to love and admire him as he grew up, and when he reached the age of puberty, they gave him one of their daughters in marriage.
After Isma’il’s mother had died, Ibrahim came after Isma’il’s marriage in order to see his family that he had left before, but he did not find Isma’il there. When he asked Isma’il’s wife about him, she replied: ‘He has gone in search of our livelihood.’ Then he asked her about their way of living and their condition, and she replied complaining to him: ‘We are living in hardship, misery and destitution.’ He said: ‘When your husband returns, convey my salutations to him and tell him to change the threshold of the door of his house.’ When Isma’il came, he seemed to have perceived something unusual. He asked his wife: ‘Did anyone visit you?’ She replied: ‘Yes, an old man of such and such description came and asked me about you and I informed him, and he asked about our state of living, and, I told him that we were living in hardship and poverty.’ Thereupon Isma’il said: ‘Did he advise you anything?’ She replied: ‘Yes, he told me to convey his salutations to you and to change the threshold of your door.’ Isma’il said: ‘That was my father, and he has ordered me to divorce you. Go back to your family.’
So Isma’il divorced her and married another woman from amongst them (Jurhum). Then Ibrahim stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished, and called on them again but did not find Isma’il. So he came to Isma’il’s wife and asked her about him. She said: ‘He has gone in search of our livelihood.’ Ibrahim asked her about their sustenance and living: ‘How are you getting on?’ She replied: ‘We are prosperous and well off.’ Then she praised Allah, the Exalted. Ibrahim asked: ‘What kind of food do you eat?’ She said: ‘Meat.’ He said: ‘What do you drink?’ She said: ‘Water.’ He said, ‘O Allah! Bless their meat and water!”‘ The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) added, “At that time they did not have grain, and if they had grain, he would have also invoked Allah to bless it.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) further said, “If somebody has only these two things as his sustenance, his health and disposition will be badly affected because these things do not suit him unless he lives in Makkah.” The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) added, “Then Ibrahim said to Isma’il’s wife, ‘When your husband comes, give my regards to him and tell him that he should keep firm the threshold of his door.’ When Isma’il came back, he asked his wife: ‘Did anyone call on you?’ She replied: ‘Yes, a good looking old man came to me.’ She praised him and added: ‘He asked about you, and I informed him, and he asked about our livelihood and I told him that we were in good condition.’ Isma’il asked her: ‘Did he give you a piece of advice?’ She said: ‘Yes, he told me to convey his regards to you and ordered that you should keep firm the threshold of your door.’ On that Isma’il said: ‘He was my father and you are the threshold of the door. He has ordered me to keep you with me.’
Then Ibrahim stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished and called on them afterwards. He saw Isma’il under a tree near Zamzam, sharpening his arrows. When he saw Ibrahim, he rose up to welcome him, and they greeted each other as a father does with his son or a son does with his father. Ibrahim said: ‘O Isma’il! Allah has given me an order.’ Isma’il said: ‘Do what your Rubb has commanded you to do.’ Ibrahim asked: ‘Will you help me?’ Isma’il said: ‘I will help you.’ Ibrahim said: ‘Allah has ordered me to build a house here, pointing to a hillock higher than the land surrounding it.”‘ The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) added, “Then they raised the foundations of the House (i.e., Ka’bah). Isma’il brought the stones and Ibrahim was building (the house). When the walls became high, Isma’il brought stone and placed it for Ibrahim who stood over it and carried on building the House, while Isma’il was handing over the stones to him, both of them prayed: ‘O our Rubb! Accept this service from us! Verily, You are the All- Hearer and the All-Knower.”‘
14.7 It is narrated by Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليه السلام) that
Whoever recites Surah Ibrahim and Surah Hijr in a two-rak’aat prayer on every Friday, he will remain safe from poverty, insanity and sudden calamity.
14.8 Sayyid Mustafa Musawi records
In Tafsir Burhan, it is mentioned that writing Surah Ibrahim on a white parchment and then making a child wear it keeps him safe from ailments and makes it easy for him to drink and digest milk.
14.9 Mufti Shafi Usmani related about
﴾ وإذ تأذن ربكم لئن شكرتم لأزيدنكم ولئن كفرتم إن عذابي لشديد ﴿
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ (14:7)
Ibn Mardawih narrated from Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: ‘A person who is blessed with the Taufiq to be grateful shall never be deprived of barakah and increase in blessings.’ (Mazhari)
14.10 Allama Alam Faqri writes
Wird (repetition) of certain verses from Surah Ibrahim are helpful in
(i) Finding guidance and Sirat-e-Mustaqeem (14:1)
(ii) Developing Tawakkul and protection from evil eye (14:12)
(iii) Increasing agricultural production (14:13-17 and 14:24-25)
(iv) Peace in the grave after death (14:27)
(v) Safety in journey (14:32-34)
(vi) Forgiveness of parents (14:40-41)
14.11 Ashraf Ali Thanvi writes
(i) Anyone who recites the verses (14:32-34) once in the morning, once in the evening and once while going to his bed, Allah will put Barakah in his crops and livestock etc. If recited before undertaking a journey, Allah will protect him and his belongings from all types of calamities.
(ii) If the crops are being destroyed by pests like mice, worms and locusts etc. the verses (14:13-17) should be written on 4 pieces of plank/slate made from the Olive tree. Then each piece should be buried in each corner of the land on which the crops grow. While burying them the same verses should be recited continuously. The pest will- In’Sha Allah -disappear in due course.
(iii) A person whose hands, arms, feet and legs constantly pain, he should have the verse (14:12) written on a piece of paper and wear it as a Taaweez. He will be cured in due course- In’Sha Allah. The same is very effective and beneficial for removing the effects of Nazr.
(iv) To get rid of ring-worms or herpes, recite the verse (14:26) thrice and make three knots on a piece of cotton thread, Then tie the thread around the right arm of the patient. He will be cured in due course- In’sha Allah.
(vi) To drive out mosquitoes and fleas etc. from the house or bedroom recite the verse (14:12) seven times and blow on water (approximately a cup or two). Then say seven times: “O mosquitoes and fleas! If you believe in Allah, do not trouble us.” Then sprinkle the water in and around the house. The night will- In’Sha Allah -pass without disturbance.
﴾ رب اجعل هذا البلد آمنا واجنبني وبني أن نعبد الأصنام ﴿
My Lord, make this city [Makkah] secure and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols (14:35)
﴾ ربنا إنك تعلم ما نخفي وما نعلن وما يخفى على الله من شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء ﴿
Our Lord, indeed You know what we conceal and what we declare, and nothing is hidden from Allah on the earth or in the heaven (14:38)
﴾ رب اجعلني مقيم الصلاة ومن ذريتي ربنا وتقبل دعاء ﴿
My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication. (14:40)
﴾ ربنا اغفر لي ولوالدي وللمؤمنين يوم يقوم الحساب ﴿
Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day the account is established (14:41)