Benefits and Virtues of Surah 62 Al-Jumuah

virtues-benefits-surah-al-jumuah

62. Al-Jumu’ah

62.1 Ibn Abi Rafi’ (رضي الله عنه) said

Abu Hurairah led us in the Friday prayer and recited Surah al-Jumu’ah and “When the hypocrites come to you” (63) in the last rak’ah. He said: I met Abu Hurairah when he finished the prayer and said to him: You recited the two surah that ‘Ali (رضي الله عنه) used to recite at Kufah. Abu Hurairah said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) reciting them on Friday.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1124

62.2 Narrated ‘Irbad bin Sariyah (رضي الله عنه)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) would recite the Musabbihat* (Chapters 17, 57, 59, 61, 62, 64 & 87) before sleep and say “Indeed there is an Ayah in them that is better than one thousand Aayat.”

*Quran Surahs that start with the glorification of Allah

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 42, Hadith 2921

62.3 Al-Tha’labi (رحمه الله) narrated

The one who recites Surah al-Jumu’ah will be given hasanat (good) in reward equal to the number of those who come to Jumu’ah and those who do not in the Muslim regions”

(Al-Kashf wa’l-Bayan 9/305)

62.4 ‘Alqamah (رضي الله عنه) narrated

That ‘Abdullah was asked whether the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to deliver the sermon standing or sitting. He said:“Have you not read the Verse:

وتركوك قائما

‘…and leave you (Muhammad) standing (while delivering the Friday sermon)?” (62:11)

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1108

62.5 Al-Dahhak b. Qais asked al-Nu’man b. Bashir (رضي الله عنهم)

What did the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited on Friday after reciting the Surah al-Jumu’ah (Surah 62). He replied: He used to recite, “Hal Ataka Hadeethu Al-Ghashiyah” (Surah 88 Al-Ghashiyah).

Sunan Abi Dawud 1123

62.6 Jabir b. Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) reported

I was along with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) on Friday when a caravan arrived. The people went to it, and none but twelve persons were left behind and I was one of them; and it was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:

وإذا رأوا تجارة أو لهوا انفضوا إليها وتركوك قائما قل ما عند الله خير من اللهو ومن التجارة والله خير الرازقين

But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the best of providers.” (62:11)

they break

Sahih Muslim 863 c

62.7 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) said

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) when Surat Al-Jumuah was revealed, so he recited it until he reached: And other among them who have not yet joined them, A man said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Who are these people who have not yet joined us?’ But he did not say anything to him.” He said: “Salman [Al-Farsi](رضي الله عنه) was among us.” He said: “So the Messenger of Allah placed his hand upon Salman and said: ‘By the One in whose Hand is my soul! If faith were on Pleiades then men among these people would reach it.”’

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3310

62.8 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا نودي للصلاة من يوم الجمعة فاسعوا إلى ذكر الله

O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah (62:9)

Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “We are the last (to come) but the first on the Day of Resurrection, though the former nations were given the Scriptures before us. And this was their day (Friday) the celebration of which was made compulsory for them, but they differed about it. So, Allah gave us guidance to it, and all other people are coming after us: the Jews tomorrow and the Christians the day after tomorrow.”

It is collected in the Two Sahihs that Abdullah bin Umar (رضي الله عنه) said that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “When one of you comes to the Friday prayer, then let him perform bath.”

Jabir (رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Within every seven days, every Muslim man has the obligation to perform Ghusl at least one day, the day of Jumu’ah.” Ahmad, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Hibban collected this Hadith.

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded that `Aws bin `Aws Ath-Thaqafi (رضي الله عنه) said that he heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) say, “Whoever performs Ghusl (well) on the day of Jumu’ah, leaves early, walking not riding, and sits close to the Imam and listens without talking, will earn the reward of fasting and performing standing (in prayer) for an entire year for every step he takes.”

The Two Sahihs also recorded that Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Any person who takes a bath on Friday like the bath for sexual impurity and then goes for the prayer in the first hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a camel. Whoever goes in the second hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a cow. Whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a horned ram. If one goes in the fourth hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a hen. Whoever goes in the fifth hour, then it is as if he had offered an egg. When the Imam appears, the angels present themselves to listen to Allah’s remembrance.”

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded that Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (رضي الله عنه) said that he heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) say, “Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday and applies perfume, if he has any, wears his best clothes, then goes to the Masjid and performs voluntary prayer, if he wishes, does not bother anyone, listens when the Imam appears until he starts the prayer. Then all of this will be an expiation for whatever occurs between that Friday and the next Friday.”

A’ishah (رضي الله عنها) said that during a speech he gave on a Friday when he saw people wearing nimar garments, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “When one of you has wealth, he should keep two garments for Friday, other than the two garments he has for his daily wear.” Ibn Majah collected this Hadith.

(Abridged from Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

62.9 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا نودي للصلاة من يوم الجمعة فاسعوا إلى ذكر الله

O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah (62:9)

The Arabic word for Friday is Yaum-ul-Jumu’ah and is so called because it is the day of congregation for Muslims. Allah created the heavens, the earth and the entire universe in six days, and Friday was the last day when the creation was completed. Prophet ‘Adam (عليه السلام) was created on that day; he was admitted into Paradise on that day; he was sent down to the earth on that day; the Last Hour or the Day of Resurrection will occur on that day; and one the same day there is moment when supplications are readily accepted.

(Ma’arful Qur’an)

62.10 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about

فإذا قضيت الصلاة فانتشروا في الأرض وابتغوا من فضل الله

And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and seek from the bounty of Allah (62:10)

Blessings in Business after Jumu’ah

The preceding verses prohibited trading and all other worldly activities, after the adhan of Jumu’ah. The present verse permits those activities after the Jumu’ah prayer is over; we are allowed to spread throughout the land in search of our livelihood and sustenance. When Sayyidna ‘Irak Ibn Malik (رحمه الله) finished his Jumu’ah prayer, he would come out and, standing on the threshold of the mosque, he would pray:

اَللّٰھُمَّ اِنِّی اَجَبتُ دَعوَتَکَ وَ صَلَّیتُ فرِیضَتَکَ وَ اَنشَرتُ کَمَا اَمَرتَنِی فَارزُقنِی مِن فَضلِکَ وَاَنتَ خَیرُ الرَّازِقِینَ

O Allah, I responded to Your call and performed the Salah which You have prescribed for me as an obligation, and I am going out as You have commanded me in search of livelihood. So, grant me my livelihood out of Your grace. And You are the best giver of sustenance.” (Transmitted by Ibn Hatim)

It is reported from the righteous elders that whoever carries out his commercial activities after prayer of Jumu’ah is favoured by Allah with seventy blessings.

(Abridged from Ma’arful Qur’an)

Merits of Friday

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “The best day that the sun has risen upon is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he entered Paradise, and on it, he was expelled from it. And the Hour will not be established except on Friday.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 488

Abdullah bin Amr (رضي الله عنه) narrated that

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “No Muslim dies on the day of Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah protects him from the trials of the grave.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1074

Narrated Al-Ja’d ad-Damri (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: He who leaves the Friday prayer (continuously) for three Friday on account of slackness, Allah will print a stamp on his heart.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1052

Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “On every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosque to write the names of the people chronologically (i.e. according to the time of their arrival for the Friday prayer) and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit) they fold up their scrolls and get ready to listen to the sermon.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 3211

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported:

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “The five daily (prescribed) Salat, and Friday (prayer) to the next Friday (prayer), and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, is expiation of the sins committed in between them, so long as major sins are avoided.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 9, Hadith 159

Narrated Salman-Al-Farsi (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumua prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (Allah has) written for him and then remains silent while the Imam is delivering the Khutba, his sins in-between the present and the last Friday would be forgiven.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 883

Abu Hurairah narrated that (رضي الله عنه)

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Al-Yawmul-Maw’ud (the Promised Day) is the Day of Resurrection, and Al-Yawmul-Mashhud (the Attended Day) is the Day of Arafah, and Ash-Shahid (the witness) is Friday.” He said: “The sun does not rise nor set, upon a day that is more virtuous than it. In it, there is an hour in which no believing worshipper makes a supplication to Allah for good, except that Allah answers it for him, and he does not seek Allah’s aid for something, except that He aids him in it.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3339

Further Reading

62.11 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون

 And remember Allah often that you may succeed (62:10)

There is a Hadith that states, “Whoever enters a marketplace and says,

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير

There is no god except Allah, He is alone without partners, His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Able to do all things.

Then Allah will record a thousand-thousand (a million) good deeds for him and will erase a thousand-thousand evil deeds.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

62.12 Imam Nawavi (رحمه الله) related about

واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون

 And remember Allah often that you may succeed (62:10)

It is mustahab (recommended) to frequently do Dhikr (remembrance) of Allah after the Friday prayer.

(Azkar-e-Nabavi 2/24)

Easy and rewarding Adhkar to always remember Allah

بسم الله

الله أَكْبَر

سبحان الله

الحمد لله

لا إله إلا الله

لا حول ولاقوة إلا بالله

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير

أعوذ بالله

يا الله

أستغفر الله

سبحان الله وبحمده

سبحان الله العظيم

سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم

لا اله الا انت سبحانك اني كنت من الظالمين

حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل

إن شاء الله‎

رب اغفرلي

حسبي الله لا إلـه إلا هو عليه توكلت وهو رب العرش العظيم

ياحي ياقيوم برحمتك أستغيث

أستغفر الله العظيم الذي لا إله إلا هو الحي القيوم وأتوب إليه

توكلت على الله

يا رب ارحمني

ما شاء الله

اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد

سمع الله لمن دعا

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

تقبل الله منا ومنكم

تبارك الله

عافاك الله

يرحمك الله

جزاك اللهُ خيرًا

لوجه الله

في سبيل الله‎

في أمان الله

لِحُبِ الله

معاذ الله

انا لله وانا اليه راجعون

اتقوا الله‎

رضيت بالله ربا وبالاسلام دينا وبمحمد ﷺ نبيا ورسولا

أمنت بالله

واعتصموا بالله

و افوض أمري الى الله

الحمد لله الكافي

Further Reading

62.13 Imam Ibn Hibban and Bayhaqi (رحمهم الله) in Sunan narrated from Hazrat Jabir bin Samurah (رضي الله عنه)  that

On the night of Friday, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to recite Surah Al-Kafirun (109) and Surah Al-Ikhlas (112) in the Maghrib prayer while in the Isha prayer he would read Surah Al-Jumuah (62) and Surah Al-Munfiqun (63) on the same night.

(Sunan Al-Kubra of Bayhaqi: Kitab Al-Jumuah 3/201, Dur Al-Manthur)

62.14 Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليه السلام) has said that

If  Surat Al-Jumu’ah is recited frequently in the mornings and evenings, the reciter is protected from the influence of devils and their temptations. His sins are also forgiven.

(Fawaid-e-Qur’an)

nur-ut-tilawah-virtues-benefits-quran-surahs

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