Benefits and Virtues of Surah 97 Al-Qadr

virtues-benefits-surah-al-qadr

97. Al-Qadr

97.1 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) as saying: Seek lailat al-Qadr in the last seven days.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1385

97.2 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to us: Seek it (laylat al-Qadr) on the seventeenth night of Ramadan, and on the twenty first night, and on the twenty-third night. He then kept silence.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1384

97.3 Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “I came out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).

Sahih al-Bukhari 2023

97.4 Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said

‘A slave (of Allah) shall not believe until he believes in Al-Qadar (Divine decree), its good and its bad, such that he knows that what struck him would not have missed him, and that what missed him would not have struck him.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadith 2144

97.5 It was narrated that Ka’b (رضي الله عنه) said

“Whoever performs Wudu and performs Wudu well, then attends Isha prayer in congregation, then prays four similar Rakahs after that, reciting therein and bowing and prostrating perfectly, that will bring him a reward like that of (praying) Lailat Al-Qadar.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 4955

97.6 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Whoever stands (in the voluntary night prayer of) Ramadan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. And whoever spends the night of Lailat Al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5027

97.7 It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said

“There are no days in this world during which worship is more beloved to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) than the (first) ten days (of Dhul- Hijjah). Fasting one of these days is equivalent to fasting for one year, and one night of them is equal to Lailatul-Qadr.”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 1728

97.8 ‘Ali (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said

‘A slave (of Allah) shall not believe until he believes in four: The testimony of La ilaha il Allah, and that I am the Messenger of Allah whom He sent with the Truth, and he believes in the death, and he believes in the Resurrection after death, and he believes in Al-Qadar.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadith 2145

97.9 Aishah (رضي الله عنها) narrated

“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), what is your view if I know when the Night of Al-Qadr is, then what should I say in it?” He said: ‘Say:

‏اللهم إنك عفو كريم تحب العفو فاعف عني

“O Allah, indeed You are Pardoning, [Generous,] You love pardon, so pardon me (Allāhumma innaka `Afuwwun [Karīmun], tuḥibbul-`afwa fa`fu `annī).’”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3513

97.10 Zirr (b. Hubaish) (رضي الله عنه) reported

I heard from Ubayy b. Ka’b (رضي الله عنه) a statement made by ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه) in which he said: He who gets up for prayer (every night) during the year will hit upon Lailat-ul-Qadr. Ubayy said: By Allah I there is no god but He, that (Lailat-ul-Qadr) is in Ramadhan (He swore without reservation: ) By Allah, I know the night; it is the night on which the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) commanded us to pray. It is that which precedes the morning of twenty-seventy and its indication is that the sun rises bright on that day without rays.

Sahih Muslim 762 a

97.11 Zirr (b. Hubaish) (رضي الله عنه) said

I said to Ubayy b. Ka’b (رضي الله عنه): Tell me about lailat al-qadr, O Abu al-Mundhir, for our companion (Ibn Mas’ud) was questioned about it, and he said: Anyone who gets up for prayer every night all the year round will hit upon it (i.e. lailat al-qadr). He replied: May Allah have mercy on Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman. By Allah, he knew that it was in Ramadan, (Musaddad’s version goes) but he disliked that the people should content themselves (with that night alone); or he liked that the people should not content themselves (with the night alone). According to the agreed version: By Allah, it is the twenty-seventh night of Ramadan, without any reservation. I said: How did you know that, Abu al-Mundhir? He replied: By the indication (or sign) of which the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) informed us. I asked Zirr: What is the sign ? He replied: The sun rises like a vessel of water in the morning following that night; it has no rays until it rises high up.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1378

97.12 Zirr bin Hubaish (رضي الله عنه) [His Kunyah is Abu Mariam] said

“I said to Ubayy bin Ka’b (رضي الله عنه): ‘Your brother Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه) says: “Whoever stands (in voluntary prayer) the whole year, then he will have reached the Night of Al-Qadr.’” So he said: ‘May Allah forgive Abu Abdur-Rahman. He knows that is during the last ten (nights) of Ramadan, and that it is the night of the twenty-seventh. But he wanted the people to not rely upon that.’ Then he uttered an oath, that without exception it is on the night of the twenty-seventh.” He said: “I said to him: ‘Why is it that you say that O Abu Al-Mindhir?’ He said: “By the sign or indication which the Messenger of Allah informed us of: ‘That the sun rises on that day having no beams with it.’”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3351

97.13 Narrated Mu’awiyah b. Abi Sufyan (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) as saying: Lailat al-Qadr is the twenty-seventh night (of Ramadan)

Sunan Abi Dawud 1386

97.14 Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufian (رضي الله عنه) narrated

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said regarding the night of al-Qadr, “It is the 27th night (of Ramadan).” Related by Abu Dawud. But it is most probably the saying of Mu’awiyah and not the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم).

Bulugh al-Maram Book 5, Hadith 725

97.15 Narrated ‘Abd Allah bin ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه)

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was asked about lailat al-Qadr and I was hearing: He said: It is during the whole of Ramadan.

Abu Dawud said: Sufyan and Shu’bah narrated this tradition from Abu Ishaq as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar himself, they did not transmit it as a saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم)

Sunan Abi Dawud 1387

97.16 Al-Qasim bin Al-Fadl Al-Huddani narrated from Yusuf bin Sa’d, who said

“A man stood up in front of Al-Hasan bin Ali (رضي الله عنه), after he pledged to Mu’awiyah (رضي الله عنه), so he said: ‘You have made fools of the believers.’ – or: ‘O you who has made fools of the believers’ – So he said: ‘Do not scold me so, may Allah have mercy upon you, for indeed the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) had a dream in which he saw Banu Umayyah upon his Minbar. That distressed him, so (the following) was revealed: Verily We have granted you Al-Kauthar (O Muhammad) meaning a river in Paradise, and (the following) was revealed: ‘Verily We have sent it down on the Night of Al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months, in which Banu Umayyah rules after you O Muhammad.” Al-Qasim said: “So we counted them, and found that they were one-thousand months, not a day more nor less.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3350

97.17 Hazrat Qatadah (رضي الله عنه) said

In this blessed night, all decisions for the coming year are taken which are then implemented till the next night of Qadr.

(Tafsir Abdur Razzak 3/445, Dur al-Manthur)

97.18 Imam Ibn Jarir (رحمه الله) recorded from Hazrat Mujahid (رحمه الله)

There was a man in Bani Israel who used to worship for the whole night and do Jihad till the daylight ended. He did this for a thousand months so Allah revealed the Surah about the night of Al-Qadr in which worship is better than the deeds of thousand months of the person.

(Tafsir Al-Tabari 30/314 Dur al-Manthur)

97.19 Imam Ibn Mundhir, Ibn Abi Hatim and Bayhaqi (رحمهم الله) recorded from Hazrat Mujahid (رحمه الله)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) told about a man in Bani Israel who remained armed for a thousand months to fight in the cause of Allah. On hearing this, the Muslims were amazed so Allah revealed the Surah about the night of Al-Qadr in which worship is better than the deeds of thousand months of the person.

(Sunan al-Kubra 4/306, Dur al-Manthur)

97.20 It is reported that

The Peophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited Surah Al Qadr after making wudhu (ablution).

(Albani in Al Da’eefa 68)

97.21 It is reported that

Whoever recites Al Qadr after completing his wudu – one time – that he is written to be among the sincere ones, and if he recited it twice, he is included in the gardens of the martyrs and if he recite it thrice, he will be resurrected among the resurrection of the prophets .

(Albani in Al Da’eefa 1449)

97.22 Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) and others have said,

“Allah sent the Qur’an down all at one time from the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz) to the House of Might (Baytul-`Izzah), which is in the heaven of this world. Then it came down in parts to the Messenger of Allah based upon the incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years.” Then Allah magnified the status of the Night of Al-Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Qur’an.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

97.23 Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) said

When Ramadan would come, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) would say, “Verily, the month of Ramadan has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which Allah has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

97.24 In the Two Sahihs from Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Night of Al-Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allah), he will be forgiven for his previous sins.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

97.25 Imam Ahmad recorded from Ubadah bin As-Samit (رضي الله عنه) that

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “The Night of Al-Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed Allah will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

97.26 The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said,

“Verily, the sign of the Night of Al-Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shaytan is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

97.27 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said

“He who spends the Night of Qadr in the worship of Allah, all his past sins will be forgiven.” Sayyidna Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: All the angels resident at the ‘Lote Tree of the Uttermost Boundary’ descend in the leadership of Sayyidna Jibra’il (عليه السلام) and greet every believer, man or woman, except one who takes wine or eats pork.” Another narration reports that anyone who is deprived of the good of the Night of Qadr is in fact deprived of all good.

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

97.28 Abu Dhar Ghifari (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said

“Holy Prophet Ibrahim’s (عليه السلام) Scriptures were revealed on 3rd of Ramadan; Torah was revealed on 6th of Ramadan; Injil was revealed on 13th of Ramadan; Zabur was revealed on 18th of Ramadan; and the Holy Qur’an was revealed on 24th of Ramadan.” [Mazhari].

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

97.29 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related

Sayyidna Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “When the Night of Qadr occurs, Jibra’il (عليه السلام) descends on the earth with a huge throng of angels and all of them pray for every servant of Allah, man or woman, busy in Salah or Dhikr, to be blessed by Allah.” (Mazhari).

The angels bring down, during the Night of Qadr, the decree for everything destined to occur in the coming year. The night is a security from every evil, harm and calamity.’

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

97.30 Imam Daylami (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) that

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “Allah (عز وجل) has Bestowed the Night of Al-Qadr on my Ummah and it was not given to anyone before them.”

(Al-Firdaws Bima Thur Al-Khatab 1/173, Dur al-Manthur)

97.31 Hazrat Muhammad bin Nasr (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) that

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,”Whoever read Inna Anzalnahu Fee Laylati Al-Qadr (Surah 97), it is equal to one-fourth of the Quran. Whoever read Itha Zulzilati Al-Ardu Zilzalaha (Surah 99), it equals half of the Quran. Qul Ya Ayyuha Al-Kafiroon (Surah 109) equals one-fourth of the Quran and Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad (Surah 112) is equal to one-third of the Quran.”

(Dur Al-Manthur)

97.32 Imam Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Muhammad bin Nasr and Tabarani (رحمهم الله) narrated from Hazrat Ali (رضي الله عنه) that

The Messenger of Allah recited nine Surahs in the three Rak’ahs of Witr prayer. In the first Rak’ah he read Alhakumu Attakathur (Surah 102), Inna Anzalnahu Fee Laylati Al-Qadr (Surah 97) and Itha Zulzilati Al-Ardu Zilzalaha (Surah 99). In the second Rak’ah he recited Wal Aasr (Surah 103), Itha Jaa Nasru Allahi wal-Fath (Surah 110) and Inna Ataynaka Al-Kawthar (Surah 108). In the third Rak’ah he read Qul Ya Ayyuha Al-Kafiroon (Surah 109), Tabbat Yada Abee Lahabin Watab (Surah 111)  and Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad (Surah 112)

(Sunan Tirmidhi 1/61, Dur Al-Manthur)

97.33 Imam Zajaji (رحمه الله) in Amaliya narrated from Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib (رضي الله عنه) that

If anyone of you feels some need, you should pursue it in the morning of Thursday because the Messenger of Allah asked this Dua:

اللَّهم بارك لأمتي في بكورها يوم الخميس

O Allah! Make the morning of Thursday prosperous for my Ummah

When you leave your home, then you should recite the last (ten) verses of Surah Aale-Imran, Surah Al-Qadr and Umm Al-Kitab (Surah Fatiha) because in them there is fulfillment of all the needs of this world and the hereafter (إن شاء الله).

(Dur Al-Manthur)

97.34 Imam Muhammad bin Nasr (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Ibn Masud (رضي الله عنه) that

You should search for Laylat Al-Qadr when eleven nights (of Ramadhan) remain and on this morning is the Day of Badr and search for it when nine (nights) are left and when seven (nights) are left. Undoubtedly, the Sun rises everyday between the two horns of Shaytan* except on the morning of Shab-e-Qadr. On this day, the Sun rises without the rays emanating from it.

(Dur Al-Manthur)

97.35 Sayyid Mustafa Musawi (رحمه الله) writes

If Surat Al-Qadr is recited 11 times before sleeping, the reciter remains safe the whole night. Recitation in front of an enemy keeps one safe from his evil designs. For the paying back of loans, one should seek forgiveness and should recite Surat Al-Qadr as many times as possible. If recited 7 times on the grave of a believer, his sins will be forgiven.

(Fawaid-e-Qur’an)


*It could be some planets or constellation where some of the Shayatin reside. Interestingly in the Bible (Isaiah 14:12), the devil Lucifer has been called as ‘morning star’ which is another name for Venus (والله أعلم بالصواب).

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