Benefits and Virtues of Surah 97 Al-Qadr

virtues-benefits-surah-al-qadr

97. Al-Qadr

97.1 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: Seek lailat al-qadr in the last seven days.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1385

97.2 Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to us: Seek it (laylat al-Qadr) on the seventeenth night of Ramadan, and on the twenty first night, and on the twenty-third night. He then kept silence.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1384

97.3 Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit:

The Prophet (ﷺ) came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “I came out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).

Sahih al-Bukhari 2023

97.4 Jabir bin ‘Abdullah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said:

‘A slave (of Allah) shall not believe until he believes in Al-Qadar (Divine decree), its good and its bad, such that he knows that what struck him would not have missed him, and that what missed him would not have struck him.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadith 2144

97.5 It was narrated that Ka’b said:

“Whoever performs Wudu and performs Wudu well, then attends Isha prayer in congregation, then prays four similar Rakahs after that, reciting therein and bowing and prostrating perfectly, that will bring him a reward like that of (praying) Lailat Al-Qadar.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 4955

97.6 Abu Hurairah narrated that:

The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: “Whoever stands (in the voluntary night prayer of) Ramadan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven. And whoever spends the night of Lailat Al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 5027

97.7 It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“There are no days in this world during which worship is more beloved to Allah, Glorious is He, than the (first) ten days (of Dhul- Hijjah). Fasting one of these days is equivalent to fasting for one year, and one night of them is equal to Lailatul-Qadr.”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 1728

97.8 ‘Ali narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said:

‘A slave (of Allah) shall not believe until he believes in four: The testimony of La Ilaha Illallah, and that I am the Messenger of Allah whom He sent with the Truth, and he believes in the death, and he believes in the Resurrection after death, and he believes in Al-Qadar.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadith 2145

97.9 Aishah narrated:

“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is your view if I know when the Night of Al-Qadr is, then what should I say in it?” He said: ‘Say:

‏اللهم إنك عفو كريم تحب العفو فاعف عني
“O Allah, indeed You are Pardoning, [Generous,] You love pardon, so pardon me (Allāhumma innaka `Afuwwun [Karīmun], tuḥibbul-`afwa fa`fu `annī).’”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3513

97.10 Zirr (b. Hubaish) reported:

I heard from Ubayy b. Ka’b a statement made by ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud in which he said: He who gets up for prayer (every night) during the year will hit upon Lailat-ul-Qadr. Ubayy said: By Allah I there is no god but He, that (Lailat-ul-Qadr) is in Ramadhan (He swore without reservation: ) By Allah, I know the night; it is the night on which the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) commanded us to pray. It is that which precedes the morning of twenty-seventy and its indication is that the sun rises bright on that day without rays.

Sahih Muslim 762 a

97.11 Zirr (b. Hubaish) said:

I said to Ubayy b. Ka’b: Tell me about lailat al-qadr, O Abu al-Mundhir, for our companion (Ibn Mas’ud) was questioned about it, and he said: Anyone who gets up for prayer every night all the year round will hit upon it (i.e. lailat al-qadr). He replied: May Allah have mercy on Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman. By Allah, he knew that it was in Ramadan, (Musaddad’s version goes) but he disliked that the people should content themselves (with that night alone); or he liked that the people should not content themselves (with the night alone). According to the agreed version: By Allah, it is the twenty-seventh night of Ramadan, without any reservation. I said: How did you know that, Abu al-Mundhir? He replied: By the indication (or sign) of which the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) informed us. I asked Zirr: What is the sign ? He replied: The sun rises like a vessel of water in the morning following that night; it has no rays until it rises high up.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1378

97.12 Zirr bin Hubaish [and Zirr bin Hubaish’s Kunyah is Abu Mariam] said:

“I said to Ubayy bin Ka’b: ‘Your brother Abdullah bin Mas’ud says: “Whoever stands (in voluntary prayer) the whole year, then he will have reached the Night of Al-Qadr.’” So he said: ‘May Allah forgive Abu Abdur-Rahman. He knows that is during the last ten (nights) of Ramadan, and that it is the night of the twenty-seventh. But he wanted the people to not rely upon that.’ Then he uttered an oath, that without exception it is on the night of the twenty-seventh.” He said: “I said to him: ‘Why is it that you say that O Abu Al-Mindhir?’ He said: “By the sign or indication which the Messenger of Allah informed us of: ‘That the sun rises on that day having no beams with it.’”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3351

97.13 Narrated Mu’awiyah b. Abi Sufyan :

The Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: Lailat al-qadr is the twenty-seventh night (of Ramadan)

Sunan Abi Dawud 1386

97.14 Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufian (RAA) narrated,

’The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said regarding the night of al-Qadr, “It is the 27th night (of Ramadan).’’ Related by Abu Dawud. But it is most probably the saying of Mu’awiyah and not the Prophet (ﷺ).

Bulugh al-Maram Book 5, Hadith 725

97.15 Narrated ‘Abd Allah bin ‘Amr:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was asked about lailat al-qadr and I was hearing: He said: It is during the whole of Ramadan.

Abu Dawud said: Sufyan and Shu’bah narrated this tradition from Abu Ishaq as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar himself, they did not transmit it as a saying of the Prophet (ﷺ)

Sunan Abi Dawud 1387

97.16 Al-Qasim bin Al-Fadl Al-Huddani narrated from Yusuf bin Sa’d, who said:

“A man stood up in front of Al-Hasan bin Ali, after he pledged to Mu’awiyah, so he said: ‘You have made fools of the believers.’ – or: ‘O you who has made fools of the believers’ – So he said: ‘Do not scold me so, may Allah have mercy upon you, for indeed the Prophet had a dream in which he saw Banu Umayyah upon his Minbar. That distressed him, so (the following) was revealed: Verily We have granted you Al-Kauthar (O Muhammad) meaning a river in Paradise, and (the following) was revealed: ‘Verily We have sent it down on the Night of Al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months, in which Banu Umayyah rules after you O Muhammad.” Al-Qasim said: “So we counted them, and found that they were one-thousand months, not a day more nor less.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3350

97.17 Hazrat Qatadah recorded

In this blessed night, all decisions for the coming year are taken which are then implemented till the next night of Qadr.

(Dur al-Manthur)

97.18 Ibn Jarir recorded

There was a man in Bani Israel who used to worship for the whole night and do Jihad till the daylight ended. He did this for a thousand months so Allah revealed the Surah about the night of Al-Qadr in which worship is better than the deeds of thousand months of the person.

(Dur al-Manthur)

97.19 Ibn Mundhir recorded

The prophet told about a man in Bani Israel who remained armed for a thousand months
to fight in the cause of Allah. On hearing this, the Muslims were amazed so Allah revealed the Surah about the night of Al-Qadr in which worship is better than the deeds of thousand months of the person.

(Dur al-Manthur)

97.20 It is reported that

The Peophet (s.a.w) recited Surah Al Qadr after making wudhu (ablution).

(Albani in Al Da’eefa 68)

97.21 It is reported that

Whoever recites Al Qadr after completing his wudu – one time – that he is written to be among the sincere ones, and if he recited it twice, he is included in the gardens of the martyrs and if he recite it thrice, he will be resurrected among the resurrection of the prophets .

(Albani in Al Da’eefa 1449)

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