105.1 Al-Wahidi writes:
(Hast thou not seen how thy Lord dealt with the owners of the Elephant? …) [105:1-5]. This was revealed about the story of the owners of the elephant who intended to destroy the Ka’bah and how Allah, exalted is He, dealt with them by destroying them and driving them away from the Holy Sanctuary. This story is well known.
105.2 Ismael Ibn Kathir writes:
This is one of the favors Allah did for the Quraysh. He saved them from the People of the Elephant who had tried to tear down the Ka`bah and wipe out all traces of its existence. Allah destroyed them, defeated them, thwarted their plans, made their efforts in vain and sent them back routed. They were people who were Christians, and thus, their religion was closer to the True Religion (Islam) than the idolatry of the Quraysh. However, this was a means of giving a sign and preparing the way for the coming of the Messenger of Allah . For verily, he was born during that same year according to the most popular opinion.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
105.3 Narrated Al-Muttalib bin ‘Abdullah bin Qais bin Makhramah:
From his father, from his grandfather, that he said: “I and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), were born in the Year of the Elephant” – he said: “And ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan asked Qubath bin Ashyam, the brother of Banu Ya’mar bin Laith – ‘Are you greater (in age) or the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?'” He said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) is greater than me, but I have an earlier birthday.” He said: “And I saw the defecation of the birds turning green.”
105.4 Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated,
‘When Allah, the Most High granted His Messenger (ﷺ) victory on the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet (ﷺ) addressed the people, so he glorified Allah and praised Him, and said, “Allah withheld the elephant from Makkah and empowered His Messenger and the believers over it. It has not been made lawful (i.e. fighting in it) for anyone before me, but it has been lawful for me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest), and it will not be made lawful to anyone after me (to enter it lighting). Its wild game must not be frightened, its thorns are not to be cut. No one is allowed to pick up lost articles (Luqatah) unless he announces it (what he has found) publicly (in order to return it to the owner). If anyone has someone murdered inside its boundaries, then he has the choice of the best of two options (i.e. either to accept compensation, i.e. blood money or to retaliate). Al-‘Abbas then said, ‘Except for the Idhkhar (a kind of nice smelling grass, which is used by goldsmiths and burnt in households.)
105.5 Narrated Abu Huraira:
In the year of the Conquest of Mecca, the tribe of Khuza`a killed a man from the tribe of Bam Laith in revenge for a killed person belonging to them in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance. So Allah’s Apostle got up saying, “Allah held back the (army having) elephants from Mecca, but He let His Apostle and the believers overpower the infidels (of Mecca). Beware! (Mecca is a sanctuary)! Verily! Fighting in Mecca was not permitted for anybody before me, nor will it be permitted for anybody after me; It was permitted for me only for a while (an hour or so) of that day. No doubt! It is at this moment a sanctuary; its thorny shrubs should not be uprooted; its trees should not be cut down; and its Luqata (fallen things) should not be picked up except by the one who would look for its owner. And if somebody is killed, his closest relative has the right to choose one of two things, i.e., either the Blood money or retaliation by having the killer killed.” Then a man from Yemen, called Abu Shah, stood up and said, “Write that) for me, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)!” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said (to his companions), “Write that for Abu Shah.” Then another man from Quraish got up, saying, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Except Al- Idhkhir (a special kind of grass) as we use it in our houses and for graves.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Except Al-idhkkir.”
105.6 Al-Albani recorded
Whoever recites in the Fajr – Surah Al Sharh and Surah al Feel he will never become blind.
(Al Da’eefa 67)
105.7 Ibn Mardawih narrated
That Abu Salih saw the stones which destroyed the companions of the elephant. They looked like gems on which the name of the soldier and his father’s name was written in red.