Benefits and Virtues of Surah 45 Al-Jathiyah

virtues-benefits-surah-al-jathiyah

45. Al-Jathiyah

45.1 Al-Walid bin Abi Al-Wald abu ‘Utthman Al-Mada’ini narrated

That ‘Uqbah bin Muslim narrated to him, that shufaiy Al-Asbahi narrated that he entered Al-Madinah and saw a man around whom the people had gathered. He asked:
” Who is this?” They said: “Abu Hurairah.” (He said):So I got close to him until I was sitting in front of him as he was narrating to the people. When he was silent and alone, I said to him: ” I ask youabsolute truth if you would narrate to me a Hadith which you heard from the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w), That you understand and know.” So Abu Hurairah said: “You want me to narrate a Hadith to you which the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) narrated to me that I understand and know.” Then Abu Hurairah began sobbing profusely. We sat for a while, then he recovered and said: “I shall narrate to you a Hadith which the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) narrated in this House, while there was no one with us other than he and I.” Then, again, Abu Hurairah began sobbing severely. Then he recovered, and wiped his face, and said: “you want me to narrate to you a Hadith which the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) narrated while he and I were sitting in this House, and no one was with us but he and I.” Then Abu Hurairah began sobbing severely. Then he bent, falling on his face, so I supported him for a long time. Then he recovered and said: “The Messenger of Allah narrated to me that on the Day of Judgement, Allah, Most High, will descend to His slaves to judge between them.

﴾ كل أمة جاثية ﴿

Every nation shall be kneeling. (45:28)

The first of those who will be called before him will be a man who memorized the Qur’an, and a man who was killed in Allah’s cause, and a wealthy man. Allah will say to the reciter: ‘Did I not teach you what I revealed to My Messenger?” He says: ‘Of course O Lord!’ He says: ‘Then what did you do with what you learned?’ He said: ‘I would stand (in prayer reciting) with it during all hours of the night and all hours of the day.’ Then Allah would say to him: ‘You have lied.’ And the angels will say: ‘You have lied.’Allah will say to him: ‘Rather, you wanted it to be said that so-and-so is a reciter. And that was said.’ The person with the wealth will be brought, and Allah will say to him: ‘Was I not so generous with you, such that I did not leave you having any need from anyone?’ He will say: ‘Of course O Lord!’ He says: ‘Then what did you do with what I gave to you?’ He says: ‘I would nurture the ties of kinship and give charity.’ Then Allah will say to him: ‘You have lied.’ And the angels will say to him: ‘You have lied.’ Allah, Most High, will say: ‘Rather, you wanted it to be said that so-and-so is so generous, and that was said.’ Then the one who was killed in Allah’s cause shall be brought, and Allah will say to him : ‘For what were you killed?’ So he says: ‘I was commanded to fight in Your cause ,so I fought until I was killed.’ Allah [Most High] will say to him: ‘You have lied.’ And the angels will say to him: ‘You have lied.’ Allah [Most High] will say: ‘Rather, you wanted it be said that so-and-so is brave, and that was said.’ “Then the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w)hit me on my knees and said: ‘O Abu Hurairah! These first three are the creatures of Allah with whom the fire will be enflamed on the Day of Judgement.'” Al-Walid Abu ‘Uthman Al-Mada’ini said: “So ‘Uqbah bin Muslim informed me that Shaufaiy, is the one who entered upon Mu’awiyah to inform him about this.” Abu Uthman said: ‘This has been done with these people, then how about with those who remain among the people?” Then Mu’awiyah begin weeping so intensely, that we thought that he will kill himself with excessive weeping. We said: “This man came to us to cause evil.” Then Mu’awiyah recovered, wiped off his face and said: “Allah and His Messenger told the truth: Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter, then we shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they shall have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter Fire, and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2382

45.2 Al-Wahidi recorded

(Tell those who believe to forgive those who hope not for the days of Allah…) [45:14]. ‘Ata’ related that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “It is to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab specifically that this verse refers. By ‘those who hope not for the days of Allah’ the verse refers to ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy. What happened is that, upon the expedition of Banu’l-Mustaliq, the Muslims stopped by a well called al-Muraysi‘. ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy sent his slave to get some water but he took too long. When he came back he asked him: ‘What has delayed you?’ He said: ‘The slave of ‘Umar stood at the aperture of the well and did not let anyone draw water until he filled up the water skins of the Prophet, Abu Bakr and his own master’. ‘Abd Allah exclaimed: ‘Our example and the example of these people is as the saying goes: Fatten your dog, it will bite you’. When ‘Umar Ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be well pleased with him, heard this, he seized his sword, intending to go and kill ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy, but then Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse”. Abu Ishaq al-Tha‘alibi informed us> al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah> Musa ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali> al-Hasan ibn ‘Alawayh> Isma‘il ibn ‘Isa al-‘Attar> Muhammad ibn Ziyad al-Yashkuri> Maymun ibn Mihran> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “When the verse (Who is he that will lend Allah a goodly loan…) [57:11] was revealed, a Jewish man in Medina by the name of Finhas said: ‘Muhammad’s Lord is in need!’ When ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab heard this, he got his sword and went looking for him [to kill him]. Gabriel, peace be upon him, went to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said to him: ‘Your Lord says to you (Tell those who believe to forgive those who hope not for the days of Allah…)’. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: ‘Certainly, by Him Who has sent you with the truth, anger will not show on my face!’ ”

(Asbab al-Nuzul)

45.3 The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said

Chapters beginning with Ha-Meem* are beautiful, fresh, fragrant, splendid meadows. Whosoever desires to walk around in the meadows of Paradise should recite these surahs.

*[Surahs with Ha-Meem at the start. It includes seven  Surahs 40-46 i.e. Ghafir or Al-Mumin (40), Fussilat or Ha-Meem (41), Ash-Shura (42), Az-Zukhruf (43), Ad-Dukhan (44), Al-Jathiyah (45), Al-Ahqaf (46)]

(Al-Tadhkar Fi Afdal Al-Adhkar by Imam al-Qurtubi)

45.4 Ibn Mas’ud (radiAllahu anhu) said,

The Ha-Meems are the embellishments of the Quran.

(Hakim, Dhahabi, Ibn Al Mundhir & Baihaqi)

45.5 Narrated  Khaleel ibn Murrah,

That the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The Haa’-Meem soorahs are seven, and the gates of Hell are seven. Each Haa’-Meem will come and stand at one of these gates and will say: ‘O Allah, do not admit through this gate anyone who believed in me and recited me.’”

(Bayhaqi in ash-Shu‘ab 4/105, Tha‘labi in at-Tafseer 8/261)

45.6 Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said,

“Everything has an essence and the essence of the Qur’an is the family of Ha Mim,” or he said, “the Ha Mims.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

45.7 Mis`ar bin Kidam said,

They (Ha Mims) used to be called ‘the brides’.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Abu `Ubayd Al-Qasim bin Sallam in Fada’il Al-Qur’an)

45.8 Humayd bin Zanjuyah narrated

That `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The parable of the Qur’an is that of a man who sets out to find a place for his family to stay, and he comes to a place where there is evidence of rainfall. While he is walking about, admiring it, he suddenly comes upon beautiful gardens. He says, `I liked the first traces of rainfall, but this is far better.’ It was said to him, `The first place is like the Qur’an, and these beautiful gardens are like the splendor of family of Ha Mim in relation to the rest of the Qur’an’.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Al-Baghawi)

45.9 Ibn Mas`ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said,

“When I reach the family of Ha Mim, it is like reaching a beautiful garden, so I take my time.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

45.10 Narrated A man who heard the Prophet:

Al-Muhallab ibn Abu Sufrah said: A man who heard the Prophet (ﷺ) say: If the enemy attacks you at night, let your war cry be

حم لاَ يُنْصَرُونَ

Ha-Mim. They will not be helped.

Sunan Abi Dawud 2597

45.11 The Messenger of Allah said

When you go to bed tonight, recite

حم لاَ يُنْصَرُونَ

Ha Mim, La Yunsarun.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

45.12 Ibn Mardawih related from Anas bin Malik

That the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Allah has bestowed As-sab’u at-tiwal (first long seven Surahs) in place of Tawrat (Torah). Aif-Laam-Ra1 Surahs to Ta-Seen2  (Surahs of Sunan) in place of Injil (Gospel). Ta-Seen to Ha-Meem (Mathani surahs) in place of Zabur (Psalms). He bestowed Ha-Meem Surahs and Mufassal3 to me. No other prophet recited them (the Mufassal) except me.

1Suarhs 10,11,12,14 & 15

2Surah 27 an-Naml

3Surahs from Al-Hujuraat (Surah 49)  to the end of the Qur’an. They are divided to three groups based on the number of verses –Tiwal is from 49 to 85 Awsaat is 86 to 98 Qisaar 99 to 114

(Dur al-Manthur)

45.13 Ibn Abbas narrated

Everything has a core and the core of Quran is Surah Ha-Meem.

(Dur al-Manthur)

45.14 Ibn Masud narrated

Surah Ha-Meem is the gist of Quran.

(Shuab-ul-Iman, Dur al-Manthur)

45.15 Samrah bin Jundub narrated

Surah Ha-Meem is a garden from the gardens of Paradise.

(Dur al-Manthur)

45.16 Ishaq bin Abdullah narrated

Every tree has a fruit and the fruit of Quran are the Ha-Meem Surahs. Whoever wants to be in the luxurious gardens of Paradise should recite these Surahs.

(Dur al-Manthur)

45.17 Abu Umama said

Ha-Meem is from one of the attributes of Allah.

(Dur al-Manthur)

45.18 Muhammad bin Nasr narrated

Abu Darda built a mosque and when he was asked about it, He said it is for Al-Hawamim.

(Al Mustadrak, Dur al-Manthur)

45.19 The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) said:

Whoever recites Surah Ha-Mim Jathiya, Allah would keep his faults concealed and give him tranquility while knees (of the other people) would be trembling at the time of accounting. It is also narrated that whoever recites this Surah will not be frightened on the Day of Judgement and his private parts will remain covered (whereas all people will be raised naked on this day).

(Majma’ al-Bayan, At-Tohfatul Hashemiyyah & Fawaid e Quran)

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