50.1 ‘Ubaid Allah b. ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Utbah b. Mas’ud said:
‘Umar b. al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid al-Laithi: What did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) recite during the prayer on the day of sacrifice and on the breaking of the fast ? He replied: He recited at both of them Surah “Qaf, By the Glorious Quran” (50) and the Surah “The Hour is nigh” (54).
50.2 Yahya related to me from Malik
from Damra ibn Said al-Mazini from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Utba ibn Masud that Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid al-Laythi what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to recite in the prayers of Adha and Fitr. He said, “He used to recite Qaf (Sura 50) and al-lnshiqaq (Sura84).”
50.3 Jabir b. Samura reported:
The Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite in the morning prayer “Qaf. By the Glorious Quran.” and his prayer afterward shortened.
50.4 It was narrated that Umm Hisham bint Harithah bin An-Nu’man said:
“I only learned :Qaf. By the Glorious Quran.’ Behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ); he used to recite it in Subh.
50.5 It was narrated from Muhammad bin ‘Abdur-Rahman that:
The daughter of Harithah bin An-Nu’man said: “I memorized ‘Qaf. By the Glorious Qur’an.'” From the mouth of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) when he was on the minbar on Friday.”
50.6 Ziyad b. ‘Ilaqa reported it on the authority of his uncle that he said the morning prayer with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and he recited in the first rak’ah:
“And the tall palm trees having flower spikes piled one above another (l. 10) or perhaps Surah Qaf.”
50.7 Simak asked Jabir b. Samura about the prayer of the Apostle (ﷺ). He said:
He (the Holy Prophet) shortened the prayer and he did not pray like these people then, and he informed me that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite” Qaf. By the (Glorious) Qur’an,” and a passage of similar length.
50.8 Umm Bisham hint Haritha b. Nu’man said:
Our oven and that of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was one for two years, or for one year or for a part of a year; and I learnt” Qaf. By the Glorious Qur’an” from no other source than the tongue of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) who used to recite it every Friday on the pulpit when he delivered the sermon to the people.
50.9 Narrated by Humaid
Al-Hasan (al-Basri) would recite fatihat al-kitab in the noon and afternoon prayers while he led in prayer or he was behind the imam and would glorify Allah, and would repeatedly say: “Allah is most great” and “ There is no god but Allah” (i.e takbir and tahlil) equal to the amount one recites al-Qaf (Surah 50) and al-Dhariyat(surah 51).
50.10 Anas bin Malik and Ibn Hazm said:
“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, enjoined fifty prayers upon my Ummah, and I came back with that until I passed by Musa, peace be upon him, who said: ‘What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah?’ I said: ‘He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.’ Musa said to me: ‘Go back to your Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.’ So I went back to my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, and He reduced a portion of it. Then I came back to Musa and told him, and he said: ‘Go back to you Lord, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.’ So I went back to my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, and He said: ‘They are five (prayers) but they are fifty (in reward), and the Word that comes from Me cannot be changed.’  I came back to Musa and he said: ‘Go back to your Lord.’ I said: ‘I feel too shy before my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime.'” See Surah Qaf 50:29.
50.11 It was narrated from Qutbah bin Malik that he heard the Prophet (ﷺ) recite:
“And tall date palms, with ranged clusters” [50:10] in the Subh.
50.12 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “And at the setting of the stars (52:49) (about) the two Rak’ah before Fajr. And after the prostrations (50:40) ‘The two Rak’at after Al-Maghrib.'”
50.13 Narrated Abu Hurayrah:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: When one of you recites “By the fig and the olive” (Surah 95) and comes to its end “Is not Allah the best judge?” (verse 8), he should say: “Certainly, and I am one of those who testify to that.” When one recites “I swear by the Day of Resurrection” (Surah 75) and comes to “Is not that one able to raise the dead to life? (verse 40), he should say: “Certainly.” And when one recites “By those that are sent” (Surah 77), and comes to “Then in what message after that will they believe? ” (Surah 50), he should say: “We believe in Allah.”
The narrator Isma’il (ibn Umayyah) said: I beg to repeat (this tradition) before the Bedouin (who reported this tradition) so that I might see whether he (was mistaken).
He said: My nephew, do you think that I did not remember it? I performed sixty Hajj (pilgrimages); there is no Hajj but I recognize the came on which I performed it.
50.14 Abu Mulayka related
That when it rained, Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Slavegirl! Bring out my saddle and bring my garment. Allah says, ‘We sent down blessed water from the sky.’ (50: