Benefits and Virtues of Surah 80 Abasa

virtues-benefits-surah-abasa

80. ‘Abasa

80.1 Imam Ibn Abi Hatim  narrated from Hazrat Hakam (رحمهم الله) that after the Aayat

عبس وتولى

He frowned and turned away

أن جاءه الأعمى

Because the blind man came unto him [interrupting] (80:1-2)

were revealed, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was never seen to be perceptive about influential people and he never overlooked any indigent person.

(Dur Al-Manthur)

80.2 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded about

عبس وتولى

He frowned and turned away

أن جاءه الأعمى

Because the blind man came unto him [interrupting] (80:1-2)

This refers to Ibn Umm Maktum (رضي الله عنه). The latter went to see the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) while the latter was meeting ‘Utbah ibn Rabi’ah, Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, and Ubayy and Umayyah the sons of Khalaf. He was calling them to Allah, hoping that they might embrace Islam. Ibn Umm Maktum stood up and said: “O Messenger of Allah, teach me of that which Allah has taught you”. He kept on requesting him and repeating his request, not knowing that he was busy and dealing with someone else.

Signs of annoyance appeared on the face of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) because of being repeatedly interrupted. He said in himself: “These chiefs will say: his followers consist of only the blind, lowly people and slaves!” The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) frowned and turned away from him, and faced toward the people he was addressing.

Allah (عز وجل) then revealed these verses. After this, the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to honour him, and would say, whenever he saw him: “Welcome to the one about whom my Lord has rebuked me!”

(Asbab Al-Nuzul, Abridged)

80.3 Yahya related to me from Malik (رحمهم الله)

From Hisham ibn Urwa that his father said that Abasa (Sura 80) was sent down about Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum (رضي الله عنهم). He came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and began to say, “O Muhammad, show me a place near you (where I can sit),” whilst one of the leading men of the idol worshippers was in audience with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) began to turn away from him and give his attention to the other man, and he said to him, “Father of so-and-so, do you see any harm in what I am saying?” and he said, “No, by the blood (of our sacrifices) I see no harm in what you are saying.” And Abasa – “He frowned and turned away when the blind man came” – was sent down.

Muwatta Malik Book 15, Hadith 8

80.4 Imam Ibn Abi Hatim (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Ibn Zayd (رضي الله عنه) that

If the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) wanted to hide anything from the revelations, then he would not have informed us about Surah ‘Abasa.

(Dur Al-Manthur)

80.5 Hafiz Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

كلا إنها تذكرة

No! Indeed, these verses are a reminder;

فمن شاء ذكره

So whoever wills may remember it.

في صحف مكرمة

[It is recorded] in honored sheets,

مرفوعة مطهرة

Exalted and purified,

بأيدي سفرة

[Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels,

كرام بررة

Noble and dutiful. (80:11-16)

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded from Aishah (رضي الله عنها) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “He who recites the Qur’an proficiently, will be with the noble, righteous, ambassador angels, and the one who recites it with difficulty will receive two rewards.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

80.6 Imam Malik (رحمه الله) said,

“No one should carry the Qur’an by its strap, or on a cushion, unless he is pure. If it were permissible to do so, it would also have been permissible to carry it in its cover. This is not because there is something on the hands of the one who carries it by which the Qur’an will be soiled, but because it is disapproved of for someone to carry the Qur’an without being pure out of respect for the Qur’an, and in order to honour it.”

Malik said, “The best thing that I have heard about this is the ayat

‘None touch it except the purified.’ (56:79)

It ranks with the ayat in Surat Abasa (Sura 80), where Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)
says,

‘No, it is a reminder, and whoever wishes will remember it. Upon honoured pages, exalted and purified, by the hands of scribes, noble and obedient.’ (80:11-16)”

Muwatta Malik Book 15, Hadith 1

80.7 Hafiz Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

ثم إذا شاء أنشره

Then when He wills, He will resurrect him (80:22)

In the Two Sahihs it is narrated by way of Al-A’mash from Abu Salih, from Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنهم) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “All of the Sons of Adam (men) will decay except for the bone of coccyx (tailbone). From it he (man) was created and by it he will be reconstructed.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) said:

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Between the two Blowing of the Trumpet there will be an interval of forty.” The people said, “O Abu Hurairah! Do you mean forty days?” He said, “I cannot say anything.” They said, “Do you mean forty years?” He said, “I cannot say anything.” They said, “Do you mean forty months?” He said, “I cannot say anything. The Prophet added: ‘Everything of the human body will perish except the last coccyx bone (end part of the spinal cord), and from that bone Allah will reconstruct the whole body. Then Allah will send down water from the sky and people will grow like green vegetables’.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 19, Hadith 29

In a number of Prophetic Ahadith, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) mentioned that “Agbu adh-Dhanab” is a small bone as small as the mustard seed at the base of the spinal column. It is a remnant of the primary strand from which the human body is created in the embryonic stage, and it remains after his death and even after the decomposition of his body. It is this coccyx from which man will be brought back to life on the Day of Resurrection. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) asserted that Allah will send water from the sky and then the dead bodies will grow like vegetation grows. There is nothing of the human body that does not decay except one bone; the coccyx, a small triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in human beings of which the human body will be recreated on the Day of Resurrection.

It is obvious that the issue of the decomposition of bodies , is a general rule , with the exception of the bodies of the Prophets and the martyrs as well as each Mu’adhin (caller to the prayer) , who seeks his reward only from Allah, as Imam Ibn Hajar mentioned, relying on the Ahadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم).

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) foretold a scientific fact that was discovered only a few years ago. Specialists in embryology have proven, as Dr. Muhammad ‘Aly el-Bar said (in an extensive research) that the human body is created from a very delicate strand called “The primary strand”. This is created, with the Will of Allah on the 15th day of the fertilization of the ovum and its implantation in the wall of the uterus. When this strand is found, all the organs of the embryo start to be formed , especially the nervous system , the initial parts of the vertebral column and the rest of the body parts because Allah has given this strand the ability , to stimulate the cells to start to divide , differentiate from each other and acquire their own specific characteristics . It also helps them accumulate together in their specialized tissues and full organs, which complement each other in their cooperation to perform all bodily functions.

It has been proven that this preliminary strand decomposes (after man’s death) except for a small part (the origin of the coccyx), which remains at the end of the vertebral column (or in the vertebra known as the coccyx) and this is what is meant by “Agbu adh-dhanab” in the Hadith.

When man dies, the whole body decomposes except for this part, from which – as mentioned in the Hadith – man is recreated, exactly as a plant germinates from a seed. This process takes place, when, at the time of Resurrection, special rain falls from the sky, by the Will of Allah, The Almighty.

A group of Chinese scientists proved in some of their laboratory experiments that it is impossible for this part “Agbu adh-Dhanab” (the end part of the coccyx), to totally perish. They tried to dissolve it chemically in the strongest acids, through burning, pounding, and by subjecting it to various types of radiation. This definitely proves that the Hadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) is true and precedes all scientific experiments by 1400 years.

Coccyx or primitive streak in Hadith

80.8 Narrated Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

Alqamah and al-Aswad said: A man came to Ibn Mas’ud. He said: I recite the mufassal surahs in one rak’ah. You might recite it quickly as one recites verse (poetry) quickly, or as the dried dates fall down (from the tree).

But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to recite two equal surahs in one rak’ah; he would recite (for instance) surahs an-Najm (53) and ar-Rahman (55) in one rak’ah, surahs Iqtarabat (54) and al-Haqqah (69) in one rak’ah, surahs at-Tur (52) and adh-Dhariyat (51) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Waqi’ah (56) and Nun (68) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Ma’arij (70) and an-Nazi’at (79) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Mutaffifin (83) and Abasa (80) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Muddaththir (74) and al-Muzzammil (73) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Insan (76) and al-Qiyamah (75) in one rak’ah, surahs an-Naba’ (78) and al-Mursalat (77) in one rak’ah, and surahs ad-Dukhan (44) and at-Takwir (81) in one rak’ah.

Abu Dawud said: This is the arrangement of Ibn Mas’ud himself.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1396

80.9 It is narrated from the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) that

The person who recites Surah ‘Abasa will come out of his grave laughing on the Day of Resurrection.

(Fawaid-e-Qur’an)

80.10 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded about

لكل امرئ منهم يومئذ شأن يغنيه

Every man that day will have concern enough to make him heedless (of others) (80:37)

Anas ibn Malik (رضي الله عنه) reported that ‘A’ishah (رضي الله عنها) asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم): “Will we be mustered naked?” He said: “Yes!” She said: “Shame!” And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed “Every man that day will have concern enough to make him heedless (of others)”.

(Asbab Al-Nuzul, Abridged)

nur-ut-tilawah-virtues-benefits-quran-surahs

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