80.1 Yahya related to me from Malik
from Hisham ibn Urwa that his father said that Abasa (Sura 80) was sent down about Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum. He came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and began to say, “O Muhammad, show me a place near you (where I can sit),” whilst one of the leading men of the idol worshippers was in audience with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to turn away from him and give his attention to the other man, and he said to him, “Father of so-and-so, do you see any harm in what I am saying?” and he said, “No, by the blood (of our sacrifices) I see no harm in what you are saying.” And Abasa – “He frowned and turned away when the blind man came” – was sent down.
80.2 Malik said,
“No-one should carry the Qur’an by its strap, or on a cushion, unless he is pure. If it were permissible to do so, it would also have been permissible to carry it in its cover. This is not because there is something on the hands of the one who carries it by which the Qur’an will be soiled, but because it is disapproved of for someone to carry the Qur’an without being pure out of respect for the Qur’an, and in order to honour it.”
Malik said, “The best thing that I have heard about this is the ayat ‘None touch it except the purified.’ (Sura 56 ayat 79) It ranks with the ayat in Surat Abasa (Sura 80), where Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, says, ‘No, it is a reminder, and whoever wishes will remember it. Upon honoured pages, exalted and purified, by the hands of scribes, noble and obedient.’ ”
80.3 Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:
Alqamah and al-Aswad said: A man came to Ibn Mas’ud. He said: I recite the mufassal surahs in one rak’ah. You might recite it quickly as one recites verse (poetry) quickly, or as the dried dates fall down (from the tree).
But the Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite two equal surahs in one rak’ah; he would recite (for instance) surahs an-Najm (53) and ar-Rahman (55) in one rak’ah, surahs Iqtarabat (54) and al-Haqqah (69) in one rak’ah, surahs at-Tur (52) and adh-Dhariyat (51) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Waqi’ah (56) and Nun (68) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Ma’arij (70) and an-Nazi’at (79) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Mutaffifin (83) and Abasa (80) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Muddaththir (74) and al-Muzzammil (73) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Insan (76) and al-Qiyamah (75) in one rak’ah, surahs an-Naba’ (78) and al-Mursalat (77) in one rak’ah, and surahs ad-Dukhan (44) and at-Takwir (81) in one rak’ah.
Abu Dawud said: This is the arrangement of Ibn Mas’ud himself.
80.4 Al-Wahidi records
(Woe unto the defrauders) [83:1]. Abu Isma‘il ibn al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Husayn al-Naqib> his grandfather Muhammad ibn al-Husayn> Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Husayn al-Hafiz> ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Bashir> ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Waqid> his father> Yazid al-Nahwi> ‘Ikrimah> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “When the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, first moved to Medina, its inhabitants were the worst kind of defrauders, and so Allah, exalted is He, revealed (Woe unto the defrauders: Those who when they take the measure from mankind demand it full). After the revelation of this verse, they became honest in their weighing”. Al-Qurazi said: “There were some merchants in Medina who defrauded others. Their transaction were like gambling: buying by means of throwing a pebble on a specific merchandises (Munabadhah) without stipulating any terms or agreeing a contract or by touching the merchandise without looking at it (Mulamasah) or engaging in transactions which involve the risk of losing on both sides (Mukhatarah). And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, went then to the marketplace and recited it”. Al-Suddi said: “When the Messenger of Allah arrived at Medina, there was there a man called Abu Juhaynah. This man had two scales: he used one scale when he sold things to people and the other when he bought from them. And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse”.