Benefits and Virtues of Surah 66 At-Tahrim

virtues-benefits-surah-at-tahrim

66. At-Tahrim

66.1 Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

For the whole year I had the desire to ask `Umar bin Al-Khattab regarding the explanation of a Verse (in Surat Al-Tahrim) but I could not ask him because I respected him very much. When he went to perform the Hajj, I too went along with him. On our return, while we were still on the way home. `Umar went aside to answer the call of nature by the Arak trees. I waited till he finished and then I proceeded with him and asked him. “O chief of the Believers! Who were the two wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) who aided one another against him?” He said, “They were Hafsa and `Aisha.” Then I said to him, “By Allah, I wanted to ask you about this a year ago, but I could not do so owing to my respect for you.” `Umar said, “Do not refrain from asking me. If you think that I have knowledge (about a certain matter), ask me; and if I know (something about it), I will tell you.” Then `Umar added, “By Allah, in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance we did not pay attention to women until Allah revealed regarding them what He revealed regarding them and assigned for them what He has assigned. Once while I was thinking over a certain matter, my wife said, “I recommend that you do so-and-so.” I said to her, “What have you got to do with the is matter? Why do you poke your nose in a matter which I want to see fulfilled.?” She said, How strange you are, O son of Al-Khattab! You don’t want to be argued with whereas your daughter, Hafsa surely, argues with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) so much that he remains angry for a full day!” `Umar then reported; how he at once put on his outer garment and went to Hafsa and said to her, “O my daughter! Do you argue with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) so that he remains angry the whole day?” H. afsa said, “By Allah, we argue with him.” `Umar said, “Know that I warn you of Allah’s punishment and the anger of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) . . . O my daughter! Don’t be betrayed by the one who is proud of her beauty because of the love of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) for her (i.e. `Aisha).” `Umar addled, “Then I went out to Um Salama’s house who was one of my relatives, and I talked to her. She said, O son of Al-Khattab! It is rather astonishing that you interfere in everything; you even want to interfere between Allah’s Apostle and his wives!’ By Allah, by her talk she influenced me so much that I lost some of my anger. I left her (and went home). At that time I had a friend from the Ansar who used to bring news (from the Prophet) in case of my absence, and I used to bring him the news if he was absent. In those days we were afraid of one of the kings of Ghassan tribe. We heard that he intended to move and attack us, so fear filled our hearts because of that. (One day) my Ansari friend unexpectedly knocked at my door, and said, “Open Open!’ I said, ‘Has the king of Ghassan come?’ He said, ‘No, but something worse; Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) has isolated himself from his wives.’ I said, ‘Let the nose of `Aisha and Hafsa be stuck to dust (i.e. humiliated)!’ Then I put on my clothes and went to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)’s residence, and behold, he was staying in an upper room of his to which he ascended by a ladder, and a black slave of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was (sitting) on the first step. I said to him, ‘Say (to the Prophet (ﷺ) ) `Umar bin Al-Khattab is here.’ Then the Prophet (ﷺ) admitted me and I narrated the story to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). When I reached the story of Um Salama, Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) smiled while he was lying on a mat made of palm tree leaves with nothing between him and the mat. Underneath his head there was a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibres, and leaves of a saut tree were piled at his feet, and above his head hung a few water skins. On seeing the marks of the mat imprinted on his side, I wept. He said.’ ‘Why are you weeping?’ I replied, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Caesar and Khosrau are leading the life (i.e. Luxurious life) while you, Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) though you are, is living in destitute”. The Prophet (ﷺ) then replied. ‘Won’t you be satisfied that they enjoy this world and we the Hereafter?’ ”

Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 435

66.2  ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) narrated that Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) used to spend time with Zainab daughter of Jahsh and drank honey at her house. She (‘A’isha further) said:

I and Hafsa agreed that one whom Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) would visit first should say: I notice that you have an odour of the Maghafir (gum of mimosa). He (the Holy Prophet) visited one of them and she said to him like this, whereupon he said: I have taken honey in the house of Zainab bint Jabsh and I will never do it again. It was at this (that the following verse was revealed): ‘Why do you hold to be forbidden what Allah has made lawful for you… (up to). If you both (‘A’isha and Hafsa) turn to Allah” up to:” And when the Prophet confided an information to one of his wives” (lxvi. 3). This refers to his saying: But I have taken honey.

Sahih Muslim 1474 a

66.3 Al-Wahidi recorded

(O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee…) [66:1]. Muhammad ibn Mansur al-Tusi informed us> ‘Ali ibn ‘Umar ibn Mahdi> al-Husayn ibn Isma’il al-Mahamili> ‘Abd Allah ibn Shabib> Ishaq ibn Muhammad> ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Umar> Abu’l-Nadr, the client of ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd Allah> ‘Ali ibn ‘Abbas> Ibn ‘Abbas> ‘Umar who said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, entered the house of Hafsah along with the mother of his son, Mariyah. When Hafsah found him with her [in an intimate moment], she said: ‘Why did you bring her in my house? You did this to me, to the exception of all your wives, only because I am too insignificant to you’. He said to her: ‘Do not mention this to ‘A’ishah; she is forbidden for me [i.e. Mariyah] if I ever touch her’. Hafsah said: ‘How could she be forbidden for you when she is your slave girl?’ He swore to her that he will not touch her and then said: ‘Do not mention this incident to anyone’. But she went ahead and informed ‘A’ishah. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, decided not to go to his wives for a month. He stayed away from them twenty nine days when Allah, glorious and exalted is He, revealed (O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives?)”. Abu Ibrahim Isma’il ibn Ibrahim al-Wa’iz informed us> Bishr ibn Ahmad ibn Bishr> Ja’far ibn al-Hasan al-Firyabi> Minjab ibn al-Harith> ‘Ali ibn Mushir> Hisham ibn ‘Urwah> his father> ‘A’ishah who said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, used to like sweet and honey. It was also his habit to go to his wives after finishing the ‘Asr prayer. In one occasion he went to Hafsah bint ‘Umar and stayed with her more than he usually did. When I found out about this, I enquired about the reason and I was told that a woman from her clan gifted her with a pot of honey which she offered to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. I said to myself: by Allah I will spoil it for him. I said to Sawdah bint Zam’ah: ‘When he comes to your apartment and draws closer to you, say: O Messenger of Allah, did you eat Maghafir?’ When he says: ‘Hafsah fed me some honey’, say: ‘The bees which produced it must have eaten the ‘Urfut’. I will say the same thing, and you, Safiyyah, should say the same’. Sawdah said: ‘By Allah, the moment he stood at the door I was about to begin what she commanded me to do’. When he drew closer to her she said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, did you eat Maghafir?’ ‘No!’ he replied. She said: ‘Then, what is this smell on you?’ He said: ‘Hafsah fed me some honey!’ she said: “The bees which produced it must have eaten the ‘Urfut’. When he came to me, I said the same thing. And when he went to Safiyyah she also repeated the same thing. When it was Hafsah’s turn and the Prophet went to her, she said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah, shall I feed you some of that honey?’ He said: ‘I do not feel like it!’ Sawdah said: ‘Glory be to Allah, we have deprived him [of honey]’. But I said to her: ‘Be quiet!’ ” This was narrated by Bukhari from Farwah ibn Abi al-Maghra’, and also by Muslim from Suwayd ibn Sa’id ; and both Farwah and Suwayd related it from ‘Ali ibn Mushir. Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Hamid informed us> Zahir ibn Ahmad> al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn Mus’ab> Yahya ibn Hakim> Abu Dawud> ‘Amir al-Khazzaz> Ibn Abi Mulaykah who related that Sawdah bint Zam’ah had relatives from her mother’s side in the Yemen who used to gift her honey. Among all the wives of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, Hafsah and ‘A’ishah were very close to each other. One of them said to the other: “Do you not see this? He goes to her when it is not her turn just to have some of that honey. So when he comes to you hold your nose, and when he asks you about the reason, say: I smell something in you that I do not know what it is. When he comes to me, I shall say the same thing”. When the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, went to her she held her nose. He asked her: “What’s wrong?” She said: “I smell something in you and I think it is the smell of Maghafir”. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, used to put on him good perfume whenever he found it. When he went to his other wife and she said the same thing. He said: “So-and-so said the same thing to me; this must be something that I ate at the house of Sawdah, and, by Allah, I will never eat it again!” Ibn Abi Mulaykah reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The verse (O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives?) was revealed about this [the incident reported above]”.

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

66.4 Al-Wahidi recorded

(If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban)…) [66:4]. Abu Mansur al-Mansuri informed us> Abu’l-Hasan al-Daraqutni> al-Husayn ibn Isma‘il> ‘Abd Allah ibn Shabib> Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz> his father> al-Zuhri> ‘Ubayd Allah ibn ‘Abd Allah> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “Hafsah found the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, with Umm Ibrahim when it was ‘A’ishah’s turn. She said to him: ‘I will definitely inform her!’ The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: ‘She is forbidden for me if I touch her again’. Hafsah went ahead and informed ‘A’ishah. Allah informed His Messenger of this and he let Hafsah know some of the things she said. She asked him: ‘Who informed you of this?’ He said: ‘(The Knower, the Aware hath told me) [66:3]’. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, stayed away from his wives for a month and then Allah, glorious and exalted is He, revealed: (If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban)…)”.

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

66.5 Ibn Kathir related about the Ayah

﴾ يا أيها الذين آمنوا قوا أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا وقودها الناس والحجارة ﴿

O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones. (66:6)

That Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi recorded that Ar-Rabi` bin Sabrah said that his father said that the Messenger of Allah said,

Order the children to pray when they reach the age of seven and when they reach the age of ten, discipline them for (not performing) it.

Abdullah bin Mas`ud, Mujahid, Abu Ja`far Al-Baqir and As-Suddi said that

﴾ والحجارة ﴿

and stones (66:6)

these are sulfur stones that are more putrid than rotten corpses.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

66.6 Ibn Kathir related about the Aayaat

﴾ وضرب الله مثلا للذين آمنوا امرأت فرعون ﴿

And Allah presents an example of those who believed: the wife of Pharaoh (66:11)

﴾ ومريم ابنت عمران ﴿

And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran (66:12)

That Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah drew four lines on the ground and said, Do you know what these lines represent?” They said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “The best among the women of Paradise are – Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, Maryam bint `Imran and Asiyah bint Muzahim, wife of Fir`awn”.

It is confirmed in the two Sahihs from Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari that the Messenger of Allah said, “Many men have reached the level of perfection, but none among women have reached this level except Asiyah – the wife of Fir`awn, Maryam – the daughter of `Imran, and Khadijah – the daughter of Khuwaylid. And no doubt, the superiority of `A’ishah to other women is like the superiority of Tharid  (Arab dish made from pieces of bread in a vegetable or meat broth) to other meals.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

66.7 As-Suyuti recorded in relation to 

عسى ربه إن طلقكن أن يبدله أزواجا خيرا منكن ﴿

﴾ مسلمات مؤمنات قانتات تائبات عابدات سائحات ثيبات وأبكارا

Perhaps his Lord, if he divorced you [all], would substitute for him wives better than you – submitting [to Allah ], believing, devoutly obedient, repentant, worshiping, and traveling – [ones] previously married and virgins. (66:5)

That Abu Hurairah narrated that Allah has promised the marriage of Prophet Muhammad with Asiya bint Muzahim, the sister of Noah, Maryam -daughter of Imran and the sister of Moses. (Majma az-Zawaid 7/268, 11425)

In another report, S’ad bin Janadah narrated that the Prophet said, “Undoubtedly, Allah has married Maryam -daughter of Imran, the wife of Pharoah and the sister of Moses with me in paradise. ” (Tabrani in Mujam al Kabir 6/52, 5485)

(Dur al-Manthur)

66.8 Duas

﴾ رب ابن لي عندك بيتا في الجنة ونجني من فرعون وعمله ونجني من القوم الظالمين ﴿

My Lord, build for me near You a house in Paradise and save me from Pharaoh and his deeds and save me from the wrongdoing people. (66:11)

﴾ عسى ربكم أن يكفر عنكم سيئاتكم ويدخلكم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار ﴿

Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow. (66:8)

﴾ ربنا أتمم لنا نورنا واغفر لنا إنك على كل شيء قدير ﴿

Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent. (66:8)

عسى ربه إن طلقكن أن يبدله أزواجا خيرا منكن ﴿

﴾ مسلمات مؤمنات قانتات تائبات عابدات سائحات ثيبات وأبكارا

Perhaps his Lord, if he divorced you [all], would substitute for him wives better than you – submitting [to Allah ], believing, devoutly obedient, repentant, worshiping, and traveling – [ones] previously married and virgins. (66:5)

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