84.1 Narrated Abu Rafi’ (رضي الله عنه)
I offered the night prayer behind Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه). He recited Surah Inshiqaq (“When the sky is rent asunder”) and prostrated himself. I asked him: What is this prostration ? He replied: I prostrated myself on account of this (surah) behind Abu al-Qasim (i.e. the Prophet). I shall continue prostrating on account of this till I meet him.
84.2 Yahya related
To me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Yazid, the mawla of al Aswad ibn Sufyan, from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar Rahman that Abu Hurayra recited Al-Inshiqaq (Sura 84) to them and prostrated in it. When he had finished he told them that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) had prostrated in it.
84.3 Abu Salama b. ‘Abdul-Rahman (رضي الله عنه) reported:
Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) recited before them: “When the heaven burst asunder” (84:1) and performed prostration. After completing (the prayer) he informed them that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) has prostrated himself at it (this verse).
84.4 Ibn Kathir related about the Aayah
﴾ يا أيها الإنسان إنك كادح إلى ربك كدحا فملاقيه ﴿
O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it. (84:6)
That Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Jabir (رضي الله عنه), that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said,
Jibril said, “O Muhammad! Live how you wish, for verily you will die; love what you wish, for verily you will part with it; and do what you wish, for verily you will meet it (your deed).”
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
84.5 Mufti Muhammad Shafi related about the Aayat
﴾ فأما من أوتي كتابه بيمينه ﴿
Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand (84:7)
It is reported in the Sahih of Bukhari from Sayyidah ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) has said: “He who is required to account for (or questioned about) his deeds will have to be punished.” At this Sayyidah ‘Aishah asked, “What is the meaning of the (following) verse?”
﴾ فسوف يحاسب حسابا يسيرا ﴿
He will be judged with an easy account (84:8)
The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) explained that the verse signifies ‘the deeds will merely be presented before Allah without being questioned. As for the person whose deeds are scrutinized, he will never be able to escape torment’.
(Tafsir Maariful Quran)
84.6 Imam Suyuti relatead about
﴾ حسابا يسيرا ﴿
An easy account (84:8)
84.6.1 Hazrat Aisha (رضي الله عنها) narrated that
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) asked this dua
اللهم حاسبني حسابا يسيرا
O Allah! Grant me an easy reckoning
in the salah. After he finished the prayer, I asked what is ‘Hisaban Yasira‘. He said, “That Allah Sees the book of deeds and Overlooks the sins because he whose account gets disceptation is destroyed.”
(Musnad Ahmad 6/48, Dur Al-Manthur)
84.6.2 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) narrated that
Whoever possesses theses three qualities, Allah will make his reckoning easy and will have mercy on him by allowing him to enter the paradise- (i) he gives to those who withhold from him, (ii) he forgives those who oppress him and (iii) he maintains ties of kinship with those who break it.
(Mustadrak Hakim Kitab at-Tafsir 2/563, Dur Al-Manthur)
84.7 Mufti Muhammad Shafi related about the Aayah
﴾ وإذا الأرض مدت ﴿
And when the earth has been extended (84:3)
Hakim recorded that Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said that on the Day of Judgment the earth will be stretched out like leather (or rubber) and expanded into a smooth plain, and there will be just enough space on it for all individuals of human race to keep their feet.
(Tafsir Maariful Quran)
84.8 Hazrat Buraidah (رضي الله عنه) narrated
That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited Itha As-samao Inshaqqat and other Surahs like it in the Zuhr Salah.
84.9 The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said
He who studies Surah Inshiqaq, Allah will make him safe from being given his Record from behind his back (on the reckoning Day)