Benefits and Virtues of Surah 93 Ad-Dhuha

virtues-benefits-surah-ad-dhuha

93. Ad-Duhaa

93.1 Narrated Jundub:

Once the Prophet (ﷺ) fell ill and did not offer the night prayer (Tahajjud prayer) for a night or two. A woman (the wife of Abu Lahab) came to him and said, “O Muhammad ! I do not see but that your Satan has left you.” Then Allah revealed (Surat-Ad-Duha): ‘By the fore-noon, and by the night when it darkens (or is still); Your Lord has not forsaken you, nor hated you.’ (93)

Sahih al-Bukhari 4983

93.2 Jabir reported

that Mu’adh b. Jabal used to pray with the Apostle (ﷺ), then came and led his people in prayer. One night he said the night prayer with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He then came to his people and led them in prayer beginning with Surat al-Baqara. A man turned aside, pronounced the taslim (salutation for concluding the prayer), then prayed alone and departed. The people said to him:

Have you become a hypocrite, so and so? He said: I swear by Allah that I have not, but I will certainly go to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and will inform (him) about this. He then came to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said: Messenger of Allah, we look after camels used for watering and work by day. Mu’adh said the night prayer with you. He then came and began with Surat al-Baqara. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) then turned to Mu’adh and said: Are you there to (put the people) to trial? Recite such and recite such (and such a surah). It is transmitted on the authority of Jabir, as told by Sufyan, that he (the Holy Prophet) had said: “By the sun and its morning brightness” (Surah xci), “By brightness” (Surah xciii), “By the night when it spreads” (Surah xcii), and “Glorify the name of thy most high Lord” (Surah lxxxii).

Sahih Muslim 465 a

93.3 It was narrated that Jabir said:

“Muadh stood up and prayed Isha’, and made it lengthy. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘Do you want to cause hardship to the people, O Mu’adh; do you want to cause hardship to the people O Mu’adh? Why didn’t you recite ‘Glorify the Name of your Lord Most High’ or Ad-Duha or; ‘When the heaven is cleft asunder?”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 997

93.4 Ibn Kathir related about

 ﴾ وللآخرة خير لك من الأولى ﴿

And the Hereafter is better for you than the first (life) (93:4)

That Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “The Messenger of Allah was lying down on a straw mat and it left marks on his side. Then when he woke up he began to rub his side”. So I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Will you allow us to spread something soft over this straw mat?’ He replied, “I have nothing to do with this world. The parable of me and this world is like a rider who rests in the shade of a tree, then he passes on and leaves it.” At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah both recorded this Hadith by way of Al-Mas`udi.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

93.5 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ ولسوف يعطيك ربك فترضى ﴿

And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied (93:5)

That in the final abode Allah will give him until He pleases him concerning his followers, and in that which He has prepared for him from His generosity. From this will be the River of Al-Kawthar, which will have domes of hollowed pearls on its banks, and the mud on its banks will be the strongest frangrance of musk. Imam Abu `Amr Al-Awza`i recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah was shown that which his Ummah would be blessed with after him, treasure upon treasure. So, Allah will give him in Paradise one million palaces, and each palace will contain whatever he wishes of wives and servants.” This was recorded by Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim from his route of transmission.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

93.6 Mufti Muhammad Shafi related about

﴾ ولسوف يعطيك ربك فترضى ﴿

And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied (93:5)

That when this verse was revealed, the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said: ‘If that is the case, then I will not be pleased as long as one (single member) of my Ummah (remains) in Fire’ (Qurtubi).

In a narration by Sayyidna `Ali, the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said: “Allah will accept my intercession for my Ummah (community). Allah will ask: ‘O Muhammad, are you pleased?’ He will reply: “My Lord, I am pleased.”

Muslim records from Sayyidna ` Amr Ibn al` As to the effect that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) recited a verse concerning the Prophet Ibrahim :

‘So, one who follows me is surely mine, and the one who disobeys me, then You are Most Forgiving, Very Merciful (14:36)’

Then he recited a verse which contains the words of Sayyidna ` Isa

‘If You punish them, then, they are Your slaves (5:118) ‘

Then he raised his hands, he wept and prayed: O Allah, my Ummah, my Ummah!’ Allah sent Jibra’il to inquire as to why he was weeping (while Allah knows the reason). Jibra’il Amin came and inquired why he was weeping. The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) replied: “I seek my Ummah‘s forgiveness.” Allah sent Jibra’il back to inform him that He has pardoned them, and that Allah would please him and would not displease him regarding his Ummah.

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

93.7 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ ووجدك عائلا فأغنى ﴿

And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient (93:8)

In the Two Sahihs it has been recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said, “Wealth is not determined by abundance of possessions, but wealth is the richness of the soul.” In Sahih Muslim, it is recorded from `Abdullah bin `Amr that the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever accepts Islam, is provided with his basic needs, and Allah makes him content with what He has given him, then he will be successful.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

93.8 Al-Wahidi records

(And verily the latter portion will be better for thee than the former…) [93:4-5]. Abu Bakr ibn Abi al-Hasan al-Musayyabi informed us> Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Dabbi> Abu ‘Amr Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq> Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-‘Asqalani> ‘Isam ibn Dawud> his father> al-Awza‘i> Isma‘il ibn ‘Ubayd Allah> ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abbas> his father who said: “The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, saw what was going to be bestowed upon his community after him, and he was delighted. However, Allah, glorious and majestic is He, revealed (And verily the latter portion will be better for thee than the former, and verily thy Lord will give unto thee so that thou wilt be content). He gave him one thousand castles of pearls whose floors are made of musk which contain everything he requires of spouses and servants”.

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

93.9 Al-Wahidi records

(Did He not find thee an orphan and protect (thee)?) [93:6]. Al-Fudayl ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Sufi informed us> Zahir ibn Ahmad> ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ziyad al-Naysaburi> Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya> ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Hajbi> Hammad ibn Zayd> ‘Ata’ ibn al-Sa’ib> Sa’id ibn Jubayr> Ibn ‘Abbas who reported that the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: “I have asked my Lord for something I wish I had not asked for. I said: ‘O my Lord! There were prophets before me, some of whom you had subjugated the wind – and he mentioned Solomon, son of David – and some of whom could bring the dead back to life – and he mentioned Jesus, son of Mary – and some of whom…, etc.’. Allah, exalted is He, responded by saying: ‘Did I not find you an orphan and protected you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord’. Allah said: ‘Did I not find you wandering and directed you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’ Allah, exalted is He said: ‘Did I not find you destitute and enriched you?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’ Allah, exalted is He, said: ‘Have I not caused your bosom to dilate and eased you of the burden?’ I said: ‘Indeed, O my Lord!’ ”

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

93.10 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ وأما بنعمة ربك فحدث ﴿

But as for the favor of your Lord, report (it) (93:11)

That Abu Dawud recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said, “Whoever is not thankful to the people, then he is not thankful to Allah.” Abu Dawud recorded from Jabir that the Prophet said, “Whoever overcomes some test (i.e., calamity) and mentions it (to others), then he is indeed thankful. And whoever conceals it, then indeed he was ungrateful.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

93.11 Mufti Muhammad Shafi related about

﴾ فأما اليتيم فلا تقهر ﴿

So as for the orphan, do not oppress (him) (93:9)

That the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is reported to have said that the best house of a Muslim is the one in which there is an orphan who is treated kindly, and with love and affection. The worst house is the one in which there is an orphan who is treated badly. [ This is transmitted by Bukhari in Al-Adab-ul- Mufrad, and by Ibn Majah and Baghawi, as quoted by Mazhari.

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

93.12 Mufti Muhammad Shafi related about

﴾ وأما بنعمة ربك فحدث ﴿

But as for the favor of your Lord, report (it) (93:11)

That the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is reported to have said: “Whoever has done good to you, you ought to return the good. If you are unable to return the pecuniary good, then praise him in public, because he who praises people in public fulfills his moral obligation.”  Al-Baghawi transmitted it from Jabir Ibn ` Abdullah, vide Mazhari.

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

93.13 It was narrated that ‘Ikrimah ibn Sulaiman said:

I recited to Ismael ibn ‘Abd-Allah ibn Constantine, and when I reached Wa’l-duha (i.e., Soorat al-Duha), he said to me: Say Takbir*, say Takbir at the end of every surah until you complete (the Qur’an). ‘Abd-Allah ibn Kathir told him that he recited to Mujahid and he told him to do that, and Mujahid told him that Ibn ‘Abbaas had told him to do that, and Ibn ‘Abbaas told him that Ubay ibn Ka’b told him to do that, and Ubay ibn Ka’b told him that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him to do that.

(al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak 3/304)


*The wordings of the Takbir, according to Shaikh Salih al-Misri, are as follows:

لا الہ الا اللہ واللہ اکبر

There is no god except Allah and Allah is the greatest

According to Ibn Kathir, the Takbir may be recited at the end of every Surah after that until Surat An-Naas and, according to Baghawi, it may be recited once at the beginning of every Surah. (Mazhari).

Just as Jibreel completed relaying this Surah to our Prophet and before the Prophet’s repetition, Rasoolullah  expressed relief and gratitude with the simple phrase: “Allahu Akbar” for the pure joy of having received revelation once again and extreme gratitude for the blessings and promises so beautifully listed in this Surah.

Imam Ash-Shafi’i is reported to have said that if you leave the Takbeer then you have left a Sunnah from the Sunan of Rasoolullah. (Suyuti in Al-Itqaan)

 

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