Benefits and Virtues of Surah 52 At-Tur

virtues-benefits-surah-at-tuur

52. At-Toor

52.1 Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im (رضي الله عنه)

My father said, “I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) reciting “at-Tur” (52) in the Maghrib prayer.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 765

52.2 It was narrated from Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها)

That she fell sick, so the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) told her to perform Tawaf from behind the people, riding. She said:“I saw the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) praying facing the House, and reciting: “By the Tur (Mount), And by the Book Inscribed.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 4, Book 25, Hadith 2961

52.3 It was narrated from Muhammad bin Jubair bin Mut’im (رضي الله عنه) that his father said:

“I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) reciting At-Tur (52) in the Maghrib.” In a different narration, Jubair said: “And when I heard him recite: ‘Were they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators?’ up to: ‘Then let their listener produce some manifest proof’,[52:35-38] it was as if my heart were about to take flight.”

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 832

52.4 Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im (رضي الله عنه)

I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) reciting Surat at-Tur in the Maghrib prayer, and when he reached the Verse: ‘Were they created by nothing, Or were they themselves the creators, Or did they create the Heavens and the Earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief Or do they own the treasures of Your Lord? Or have they been given the authority to do as they like…’ (52.35-37) my heart was about to fly (when I realized this firm argument).

Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 377

52.5 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “And at the setting of the stars (52:49) (about) the two Rak’ah before Fajr. And after the prostrations (50:40) ‘The two Rak’at after Al-Maghrib.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3275

52.6 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

 ﴾ والبيت المعمور ﴿

And [by] the frequented House (52:4)

That in the Two Sahihs it is confirmed that the Messenger of Allah said in the Hadith about Al-Isra’, after ascending to the seventh heaven: “Then, I was taken to Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur. It is visited every day by seventy thousand angels who will not come back to visit it again.” The angels worship Allah in Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur and perform Tawaf around it just as the people of the earth perform Tawaf around the Ka’bah. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is the Ka`bah of those who reside in the seventh heaven. During the Isra’ journey, the Prophet saw Ibrahim Al-Khalil (عليه السلام), who was reclining with his back on Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur. It was Ibrahim who built the Ka’bah on earth, and surely, the reward is compatible with the action. Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur is parallel to the Ka’bah; every heaven has its own house of worship, which is also the direction of prayer for its residents. The house that is located in the lower heaven, is called Bayt Al-‘Izzah. And Allah knows best.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

52.7 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ والذين آمنوا واتبعتهم ذريتهم بإيمان ألحقنا بهم ذريتهم وما ألتناهم من عملهم من شي ﴿

And those who believed and whose descendants followed them in faith – We will join with them their descendants, and We will not deprive them of anything of their deeds (52:21)

That Abdullah, son of Imam Ahmad, recorded that `Ali said, “Khadijah asked the Prophet about two of her children who died during the time of Jahiliyyah, and the Messenger of Allah said; “They are both in the Fire.” When he saw sadness on her face, he said, “If you saw their dwelling place, you would hate them.” She said, `O Allah’s Messenger! What about my children with you.’ He said, “They are in Paradise.” The Messenger of Allah said, “Verily, the believers and their offspring will dwell in Paradise, while the idolators and their offspring will dwell in the Hellfire.”

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said, Verily, Allah shall elevate the grade of a righteous servant in Paradise, who will ask, “O Lord! How did I earn this” Allah will reply, “Through your son’s invoking Me to forgive you.” In Sahih Muslim, from the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Messenger of Allah said, “When the Son of Adam dies, his record of deeds will cease except in three cases: an ongoing charity, knowledge that people are benefiting from and a righteous son who invokes Allah for him.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

52.8 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ والذين آمنوا واتبعتهم ذريتهم بإيمان ألحقنا بهم ذريتهم وما ألتناهم من عملهم من شي ﴿

And those who believed and whose descendants followed them in faith – We will join with them their descendants, and We will not deprive them of anything of their deeds (52:21)

That Sayyidna Ibn ‘Abbas (رض) reports from the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) who said: “Verily, Allah elevates the ranks of the believers’ children to the rank of their parents, even though the latter do not deserve the same rank as their parents deserve, so that the eyes of the parents are comforted.” (Hakim, al-Baihaqi in his Sunan, al-Bazzar, Abu Nu’aim in al-Hilyah, ibn-Jarir and ibn-Abi Haim as quoted by Mazhari)

(Ma’ariful Quran)

52.9 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ وسبح بحمد ربك حين تقوم ﴿

And glorify the praises of your Lord when you arise (52:48)

That Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet said, “Whoever sits in a gathering in which he speaks idle excessively, but says before he stands up to depart that gathering,

سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك، اشهد ان لا اله الا انت، استغفرك واتوب اليك

Glory be to You O Allah , and with Your praise, I testify that there is no God (worthy of worship) except You, I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to You

Then, Allah will forgive him what he has said in that gathering.” This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

52.10 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ وسبح بحمد ربك حين تقوم ﴿

And glorify the praises of your Lord when you arise (52:48)

That in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (رحمه الله) on the authority of Sayyidna ` Ubadah Ibn Samit (رضي الله عنه) who reports that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said: “Whoever gets up at night and recites:

،لا الہ الا اللہ وحدہ، لا شریک لہ، لہ الملک ولہ الحمد وھو علی کل شی قدیر

سبحان اللہ والحمد للہ ولا إلہ إلا اللہ واللہ أکبر ولا حول ولا قوۃ إلا باللہ

There is no God except Allah. He is One without partners. For Him is the kingdom and all praise is due to Him. He has power over all things.

Glory be to Allah and all praise is due to Allah, and there is no God except Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. There is neither might nor power except with Allah.

Then, if he intends to pray, and performs prayer after ablution, the prayers will be accepted.

(Ma’ariful Quran)

52.11 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ ومن الليل فسبحه ﴿

And in a part of the night exalt Him (52:49)

That Allah the Exalted said in another Aayah,

﴾ ومن الليل فتهجد به نافلة لك عسى أن يبعثك ربك مقاما محمودا ﴿

And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station (17:79)

The next part of the verse

﴾ وإدبار النجوم ﴿

and after [the setting of] the stars (52:49)

is in reference to the two voluntary Rak’ahs before the Dawn prayer, according to a Hadith from Ibn `Abbas. These two Rak’ahs are an established Sunnah performed before the stars are about to set. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs from `A’ishah (رضي الله عنها) who said, “The Prophet was never more regular and particular in offering any voluntary prayer than the two (Sunnah) Rak’ahs of the Fajr prayer.” In another narration collected by Muslim, the Prophet said, “Two (Sunnah) Rak`ahs before Fajr are better than this life and all that in it.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

 

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