Benefits and Virtues of Surah 51 Adh-Dhariyat

virtues-benefits-surah-adh-dhariyat

51. Adh-Dhariyat

51.1 It was narrated that Al-Bara’ (رضي الله عنه) said

“We used to pray Zuhr behind the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and we heard some of the verses from Surah Luqman and Adh-Dhariyat from him.”

Sunan an-Nasa’i 971

51.2 Anas (رضي الله عنه) said

(Explaining the meaning) of the following Qur’anic verse

﴾ كانوا قليلا من الليل ما يهجعون ﴿

“They used to sleep but little of the night (51:17)

They (the people) used to pray between the Maghrib and ‘Isha. The version of Yahya adds: The verse

﴾ تتجافى جنوبهم عن المضاجع يدعون ربهم خوفا وطمعا ﴿

They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration (32:16)

also means so.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1322

51.3 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ كانوا قليلا من الليل ما يهجعون ﴿

They used to sleep but little of the night (51:17)

That Abdullah bin Salam (رضي الله عنه) said, “When the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) arrived at Al-Madinah, people quickly gathered around him and I was among them. When I saw his face, I knew that it was not the face of a liar. The first statement I heard from him was, ‘O people! Feed with food, keep relations to kith and kin, spread the Salam, pray at night while people are asleep, and you will enter Paradise in peace’.”

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded that Abdullah bin Umar (رضي الله عنه) said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “Verily, there are lofty rooms in Paradise in which their outside can be seen from inside and their inside from the outside.” Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (رضي الله عنه) said, “Who are they for, O Allah’s Messenger” He said, For those who use soft speech, feed food and spend the night in voluntary prayer while people are asleep.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

51.4 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ وبالأسحار هم يستغفرون ﴿

And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness (51:18)

That it is confirmed in the Sahih collections as well as others, from several Companions, that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “Allah, the Most High, descends each night to the lowest heaven when the last third of the night remains. He says, ‘Is there anyone who is repenting so that I may accept his repentance? Is there anyone seeking forgiveness, so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone asking of Me, so that I may grant him his request?’ until Fajr begins.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

51.5 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ وفي أموالهم حق للسائل والمحروم ﴿

And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived (51:19)

That Az-Zuhri added that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “The poor (Miskin) is not the one who goes round to the people and asks them for a mouthful or two or a date or two. But the poor is the one who does not have enough to satisfy his needs and whose condition is not known to others, so that others may give him something in charity.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

51.6 Narrated Abu Wa’il (رضي الله عنه)

From a man of Rabi’ah who said: “I arrived in Al-Madinah, entered upon the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and mentioned the emissary of ‘Ad to him. I said: ‘I seek refuge in Allah from being like the emissary of ‘Ad.’ So the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: ‘And what of the emissary of ‘Ad?'”

He said: “I said: You have got the one who is informed about it. When ‘Ad suffered from famine they sent Qail and he stayed with Bakr bin Mu’awiyah. He gave him wine to drink and two slave girls to sing for him. Then he went out towards the mountains of Murrah and said: “O Allah! I did not come to You to cure a sick person, nor to ransom a captive! So give water to Your slave as You used to do, and give water to Bakr bin Mu’awiyah along with him.”

He said that out of gratitude for the wine which he gave him to drink. So two clouds appeared and it was said to him: “Choose one of them.” So he chose the black one. It was said to him: “Take it as ashes that will leave none in ‘Ad.” So he mentioned that the wind sent upon them was not more than this circle – meaning the circle of a ring – then he recited:

﴾ وفي عاد إذ أرسلنا عليهم الريح العقيم ﴿

And in ‘Aad [was a sign], when We sent against them the barren wind

﴾ ما تذر من شيء أتت عليه إلا جعلته كالرميم ﴿

It left nothing of what it came upon but that it made it like disintegrated ruins (51:41-42)”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3723

51.7 Narrated Ibn `Abbas (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “I have been made victorious with As-Saba (i.e. an easterly wind) and the people of ‘Ad were destroyed by Ad-Dabur (i.e. a westerly wind).”

Sahih al-Bukhari 3343

51.8 Narrated ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه)

“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) recited to me:

﴾ إن الله هو الرزاق ذو القوة المتين ﴿

Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength (51:58)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 43, Hadith 2940

51.9 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ إن الله هو الرزاق ذو القوة المتين ﴿

Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength (51:58)

That Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) recorded from Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “Allah the Exalted said, ‘O Son of Adam! Busy yourself in worshiping Me, and I will fill your chest with riches and dissipate your meekness. Otherwise, I will fill your chest with distracting affairs and will not do away with your meekness’.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

51.10 Jabir b. ‘Abd Allah said

We used to offer supererogatory prayers and recite supplications while we were standing, and would glorify Allah while bowing and prostrating. (Sunan Abi Dawud 833)

The above-mention tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Humaid, but he did not mention the word “Supererogatory prayer” This version has: Al-Hasan (al-Basri) would recite Fatihat al-Kitab in the noon and afternoon prayers while he led in prayer or he was behind the imam and would glorify Allah, and would repeatedly say:

الله أكبر

Allah is the most Great

and

لا إله إلا الله

There is no god but Allah

(i.e Takbir and Tahlil) equal to the amount one recites Qaf (Surah 50) and Adh-Dhariyat (Surah 51).

Sunan Abi Dawud 834

51.11 Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليه السلام) has said

That recitation of Surah Adh-Dhāriyāt increases ones sustenance and makes it easy to earn.

(Fawaid-e-Quran)

51.12 Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah (رحمه الله) narrated from Abu al-Mutawakil Naji (رحمه الله)

That Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) recited Qaf (Surah 50) and Adh-Dhariyat (Surah 51) in the Zuhr prayer.

(al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Dur al-Manthur)

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