Benefits and Virtues of Surah 76 Al-Insan

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76. Al-‘Insan (Ad-Dahr)

76.1 Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to recite the following in the Fajr prayer of Friday, “Alif Lam Mim Tanzil” (Surah 32, As-Sajdah) and “Hal Ata Aala al-Insani” (Surah 76, Ad-Dahr).

Sahih al-Bukhari 891

76.2 Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported

I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) as saying: Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) said: “The son of Adam abuses Dahr (the time), whereas I am Dahr since in My Hand are the day and the night.”

Sahih Muslim 2246 a

76.3 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

 ﴾ إنا هديناه السبيل إما شاكرا وإما كفورا ﴿

Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful (76:3)

It has been recorded by Muslim in a Hadith from Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari (رضي الله عنه) who said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “All of mankind wakes up in the morning the merchant of his own soul. So he either imprisons it or sets it free.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

76.4 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ ويطعمون الطعام على حبه ﴿

And they give food in spite of love for it (76:8)

In the Sahih, there is a Hadith which states, “The best charity is that which you give while you are healthy, covetous, hoping for wealth and fearing poverty.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

76.5 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded

﴾ ويطعمون الطعام على حبه مسكينا ويتيما وأسيرا ﴿

And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive,

﴾ إنما نطعمكم لوجه الله لا نريد منكم جزاء ولا شكورا ﴿

[Saying], “We feed you only for the countenance of Allah . We wish not from you reward or gratitude. (76:8-9)

Ata’ reported that Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said: “It happened that ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضي الله عنه) hired himself one night to water some palm-trees in exchange for some barley. The following morning, he collected his barley and grinded a third of it out of which they made something to eat, called al-Khazirah.

When it was cooked, a poor man came begging from them, and so they gave him the food they had prepared. They then prepared a third of the remaining barley and when it was cooked, an orphan came begging from them, and they gave him the food. They then went and prepared what was left of that barley, but when the food was cooked, a prisoner from among the idolaters came to them and they fed him that food and spent the rest of the day without eating anything. This verse was revealed about this incident”.

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

76.6 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

﴾ وإذا رأيت ثم رأيت نعيما وملكا كبيرا ﴿

And when you look there [in Paradise], you will see pleasure and great dominion (76:20)

It has been confirmed in the Sahih that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) will say to the last of the people of the Fire to be taken out of it, and the last of the people to enter into Paradise, “Verily, you will have similar to the world and ten worlds like it (in addition to it).”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

76.7 Imam Tabarnai, Ibn Mardawih and Ibn Asakir narrated from Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه)

An Abyssinian man visited the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and said, “O Messenger of Allah, you have been favored over us in color, appearance and prophet-hood. What do you think that if I believe in Allah and do good deeds like you, will I be with you in the Heaven?” So the Prophet said, “Yes, by the One in Whose Hand my life is! Undoubtedly, the brightness of a dark man will be visible from a distance of 1000 years in the Paradise.” Then the Prophet said, whoever says

لا إله إلا الله

There is no god except Allah

Allah will fulfill His promise to him and whoever says

سبحان الله وبحمده

Glory be to Allah and His is the Praise

(Allah is free from imperfection, and I begin with Praising Him)

1,24,000 good deeds are written for him. Then Surah Ad-Dahr (Al-Insan, Surah 76) was revealed to the Prophet and he recited it up to

﴾ وإذا رأيت ثم رأيت نعيما وملكا كبيرا ﴿

And when you look there [in Paradise], you will see pleasure and great dominion (76:20)

The Abyssinian said, “Can my eyes see what your eyes see in the Paradise?” The Prophet replied in the affirmative. The Abyssinian felt ill and his soul left the world. Ibn Umar said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah putting him in the grave with his blessed hands.”

(In the narration of Ibn Mutaraf, the Abyssinian took a long breath and his soul left his body with it. So the Prophet said, “He died in desire of the Paradise” or in the narration of Ibn Wahb, “The desire of Paradise took the life of your companion.”)

(Al Mu’jam Al Kabir 12/436, Dur al-Manthur, Kitab az-Zuhd by Imam Ahmad)

76.8 Imam Hakim narrated from Abu Dharr (رضي الله عنه)

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) recited Hal Ata Aala al-Insani Heenun Mina ad-Dahri (Surah 76) till the end and then said, “Verily, I see that which you do not see and I hear that which you cannot hear. The sky is chirping and it has to do so. (Because) It does not have a space of four fingers but some angel of Allah is prostrating there. By Allah! If you knew what I know, you would laugh a little and weep more. And you would not be pleased by sleeping with your women. And certainly you would migrate to the mountains for refuge.”

(Mustadrak al-Hakim Kitab at-Tafsir 2/554, Dur al-Manthur)

76.9 It has been narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (عليه السلام)

The recitation of Surah al-Insan will strengthen one’s spirit and nerves and will keep anxieties away (إن شاء الله).

(Tafsir al-Burhan)

76.10 Imam al-Rida (عليه السلام) is said to practice reciting

Surah al-Fatiha with Surah al-Insan in the first rak’a and Surah al-Fatiha with Surah al-Ghashiyah in the second rak’a of his morning prayer on Mondays and Thursdays. He said, “If a person performs his morning prayer in this manner on Mondays and Thursdays, Allah will secure him from evils in these two days.”

(Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih of Sheikh al-Saduq)

76.11 Some people’s experience is that reciting Surat Al-Insan frequently

  • On Friday can allow a person to see his place in the heavens
  • Can increase the means of sustenance
  • Can increase love in marital relationship
  • Can increase memory
  • Can cure digestive and heart disorders
  • Can bring victory in war

(إن شاء الله)

(Ulama from various schools of thought)

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