89.1 Mufti Shafi Usmani related about
﴾ والفجر ﴿
By the dawn (89:1)
Commentators like Sayyidna Ibn ‘Abbas and Ibn Zubair (رضي الله عنهم) say that the word is general, and it refers to any dawn. According to another narration of Ibn ‘Abbas, it refers to the dawn of the first of Muharram which is the start of the lunar Islamic calendar. Sayyidna Qatadah among others, has interpreted it in the same way. Some commentators, like Mujahid and ‘Ikramah, refer this to the dawn of the Day of Sacrifice on the tenth of Dhul Hijjah.
89.2 Ibn Kathir related about
﴾ وليال عشر ﴿
And [by] ten nights (89:2)
It has been confirmed in Sahih Al-Bukhari from Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days (meaning the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah). They (the companions) said, “Not even fighting Jihad in the way of Allah” He replied, “Not even Jihad in the way of Allah; except for a man who goes out (for Jihad) with his self and his wealth, and he does not return with any of that.”
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
89.3 Ibn Kathir related about
﴾ كلا بل لا تكرمون اليتيم ﴿
No! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (89:17)
Abu Dawud recorded from Sahl bin Sa’id (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “The guardian of the orphan and I will be like these two in Paradise.” And he put his two fingers together – the middle finger and the index finger.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
89.4 Ibn Kathir related about
﴾ يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة ﴿
O tranquil soul
﴾ ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية ﴿
Come back to your Lord, well-pleased and well-pleasing (89:27-28)
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Ibn ‘Abbas that this Ayah was revealed while Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) was sitting [with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)]. So he said, “O Messenger of Allah! There is nothing better than this!” The Prophet then replied, “This will indeed be said to you.”
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
89.5 A tradition from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليه السلام) says
Recite Surah Al-Fajr, which is Hussain ibn Ali (عليه السلام)’s Surah (referred in the last 4 verses), in your prayers, whether they be obligatory or optional. He who recites it (frequently) will be with him (Husain ibn Ali) at the same place in Heaven on the Day of Judgement.
89.6 It is narrated from the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) that
The one who recites this Surah, Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) will forgive his sins amounting to ten times the number of people who recite this Surah. On the Day of Reckoning he will have a shining light.
(Fawaid-e-Quran, Majma-al-Bayan 10/730)
89.7 Some Mufassireen have penned down that
(i) Whoever writes this Surah and keeps it with him, he will have a child who will be a source of comfort for him. (Tafsir al-Burhan 5/649)
(ii) If this Surah is recited eleven times before conception, one will have a son, In’Sha Allah. (Misbah al-Kaf’ami p460)
(iii) Whoever recites Surah al-Fajr during the dawn, he will be safe from danger until the dawn of the next day. (Misbah al-Kaf’ami p460)
89.8 Allama Aalam Faqri writes
(i) Reciting Surah al-Fajr in the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah results in the forgiveness of all sins and reciting it for the whole month of Dhul Hijjah will be a source of Noor on Qiyamah.
(ii) To remove sadness and achieve contentment, recite Surah al-Fajr daily after the Fajr Salah.
(iii) For increase in Rizq, keep fast for 7 days, feed 7 poor and 7 orphans each day and recite Surah al-Fajr 141 times in one sitting daily at the same place.
89.9 Sufi Muhammad Aslam Naqshbandi writes
(i) If Surah al-Fajr is recited 70 times and blown on a sick person, he will be cured, In’Sha Allah.
(ii) To overcome troubles, recite Surah al-Fajr 21 followed by Dua to Allah (سبحانه وتعالى).
(iii) Reciting Surah al-Fajr at night, followed by intercourse will result in a righteous child.
(iv) Making a habit of reading Surah al Fajr increases Rizq.
89.10 As per Aamal-e-Qurani
(i) To solve problems, pray Tahajjud followed by plenty of Istighfar. Then recite the verses
فأما الإنسان إذا ما ابتلاه ربه فأكرمه ونعمه فيقول ربي أكرمن
وأما إذا ما ابتلاه فقدر عليه رزقه فيقول ربي أهانن
كلا بل لا تكرمون اليتيم
ولا تحاضون على طعام المسكين
وتأكلون التراث أكلا لمّا
وتحبون المال حبّا جمّا
كلا إذا دكت الأرض دكّا دكّا
وجاء ربك والملك صفّا صفّا
70 times and make Dua to Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) to ease the situation.
(ii) To remain steadfast and achieve the pleasure of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى), read the Aayat
يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة
ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية
فادخلي في عبادي
133 times after Isha daily for one year.
﴾ بإذن الله ﴿
INFOBOX ➲ Some Ahadith on Fajr prayer
Related ➲ Benefits and virtues of Fajr prayer
One thought on “Benefits and Virtues of Surah 89 Al-Fajr”