Benefits and Virtues of Surah 89 Al-Fajr

virtues-benefits-surah-al-fajr

89. Al-Fajr

89.1 Mufti Shafi Usmani related about

﴾ والفجر ﴿

By the dawn (89:1)

Commentators like Sayyidna Ibn ‘Abbas and Ibn Zubair (رضي الله عنهم) say that the word is general, and it refers to any dawn. According to another narration of Ibn ‘Abbas, it refers to the dawn of the first of Muharram which is the start of the lunar-Islamic calendar. Sayyidna Qatadah among others, has interpreted it in the same way. Some commentators, like Mujahid and ‘Ikramah, refer this to the dawn of the Day of Sacrifice on the tenth of Dhul Hijjah.

(Ma’ariful Qur’an)

89.2 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ وليال عشر ﴿

And [by] ten nights (89:2)

It has been confirmed in Sahih Al-Bukhari from Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days (meaning the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah). They (the companions) said, “Not even fighting Jihad in the way of Allah” He replied, “Not even Jihad in the way of Allah; except for a man who goes out (for Jihad) with his self and his wealth, and he does not return with any of that.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

89.3 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ كلا بل لا تكرمون اليتيم ﴿

No! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (89:17)

Abu Dawud recorded from Sahl bin Sa’id (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said, “The guardian of the orphan and I will be like these two in Paradise.” And he put his two fingers together – the middle finger and the index finger.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

89.4 Ibn Kathir related about

﴾ يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة ﴿

O tranquil soul

﴾ ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية ﴿

Come back to your Lord, well-pleased and well-pleasing (89:27-28)

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Ibn ‘Abbas that this Ayah was revealed while Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) was sitting [with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)]. So he said, “O Messenger of Allah! There is nothing better than this!” The Prophet then replied, “This will indeed be said to you.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

89.5 A tradition from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (عليهم السلام) says

Recite Surah Al-Fajr, which is Husain ibn Ali (عليهم السلام)’s Surah, in your prayers, whether they be obligatory or optional. He who recites it will be with him (Husain ibn Ali) at the same place in Heaven on the Day of Judgement.

(Majma-al-Bayan)


89.6 Some Ahadith on Fajr prayer

  • The two Rak’ahs at dawn are better than this world and what it contains. (Sahih Muslim 725 a)
  • He who prayed the morning prayer (in congregation) he is in fact under the protection of Allah. (Sahih Muslim 657 a)
  • The recitation of the Qur’an during Fajr is witnessed by the angels of the night and the day. (Sunan Ibn Majah 670)
  • Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until the sun has risen, then he prays two Rak’ah, then for him is the reward like that of a Hajj and Umrah. (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 586)
  • (A group of) angels stay with you at night and (another group of) angels by daytime, and both groups gather at the time of the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers. Then those angels who have stayed with you overnight, ascend (to Heaven) and Allah asks them (about you) -and He knows everything about you. “In what state did you leave My slaves?” The angels reply, “When we left them, they were praying, and when we reached them they were praying”. (Sahih al-Bukhari 7429)

 

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