20.1 It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that :
When the Messenger of Allah was coming back from the battle of Khaibar, night came and he felt sleepy, so he made camp and said to Bilal: “Keep watch for us tonight.” Bilal prayed as much as Allah decreed for him, and the Messenger of Allah and his Companions went to sleep. When dawn was approaching, Bilal went to his mount, facing towards the east, watching for the dawn. Then Bilal’s eyes grew heavy while he was leaning on his mount (and he slept). Neither Bilal nor any of his Companions woke until they felt the heat of the sun. The Messenger of Allah was the first one to wake up. The Messenger of Allah was startled and said: “O Bilal!” Bilal said: “The same thing happened to me as happened to you. May my father and mother be ransomed for you, O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “Bring your mounts forward a little.” So they brought their mounts forward a little (away from that place). Then the Messenger of Allah performed ablution and told Bilal to call the Iqamah for prayer, and he led them in the prayer. When the Prophet finished praying, he said: “Whoever forgets a Salah, let him pray it when he remembers, for Allah says: And perform the prayer for My remembrance.” [Ta-Ha: 14] He (one of the narrators) said: “Ibn Shihab used to recite this Verse as meaning, ‘when you remember’.”
20.2 It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: If you forget a prayer, pray it when you remember it, for Allah says:
“And perform the Salah for My remembrance.” Ta-Ha 20:14.
20.3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that
Umar ibn al-Khattab used to pray as much as Allah willed in the night until at the end of the night he would wake his family for the prayer. He used to say to them, “The prayer, the prayer.” Then he would recite the ayat,
“Enjoin prayer on your family and be constant in it. We do not ask you for your provision. We provide for you. And the end result is for taqwa.” (Sura 20 ayat 132)
20.4 It was narrated that Al-Qasim said:
The Greatest Name of Allah, if He is called by which He will respond, is in three Surah: Al-Baqarah, Al ‘Imran and Ta-Ha.
Note: Hisham ibn Ammar, the khateeb of Damascus, said: “In Al-Baqarah, it is ‘Allah! There is no god but He, the Ever-Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exist’ [Al-Baraqah, 2: 255]. In ‘al ‘Imran it is ‘Alif. Laam. Meem. Allah! There is no god but He, the Ever-Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists’ [’al ‘Imran, 3: 1-2]. And in Ta-Ha it is ‘And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allah), the Ever- Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists’ [Ta-Ha, 20: 111]” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir). Al-Albani said, it is more likely in my view that it is in the verse at the beginning of the surah: “Verily, I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I)” [Taha 20:14] (Silsila as-Sahiha 746)
20.5 Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud:
Surat Bani-lsrael, Al-Kahf (The Cave), Maryam, Taha, Al-Anbiya’ (The prophets) are amongst my first earnings and my old property, and (in fact) they are my old property.
20.6 Narrated `Abdullah:
The Suras of Bani Israel, Al-Kahf, Mariyam, Taha and Al-Anbiya are from the very old Suras which I learnt by heart, and they are my first property.
20.7 Jarir b. Abdullah is reported to have said:
We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that he looked at the full moon and observed: You shall see your Lord as you are seeing this moon, and you will not be harmed by seeing Him. So if you can, do not let -yourselves be overpowered in case of prayer observed before the rising of the sun and its setting, i. e. the ‘Asr prayer and the morning prayer. Jarir then recited it:” Celebrate the praise of thy Lord before the rising of the sun and before Its setting” (xx. 130).
20.8 Yahya related to me from Malik
From his paternal uncle Abu Suhayl ibn Malik from his father that Kab al-Ahbar said to a man who took off his sandals, “Why have you taken off your sandals? Perhaps you have interpreted this ayat, ‘Remove your sandals. You are in the pure valley of Tuwa?’ (Sura 20 ayat 12) Do you know what the sandals of Musa were?” Malik (the father of Abu Suhayl) said, “I do not know what the man answered.” Kab said, “They were made from the skin of a dead donkey.”
20.9 It is reported by Abu Sa’id that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
The (permanent) inhabitants of the Fire are those who are doomed to it, and verily they would neither die nor live in it (al-Qur’an, xx. 47; lxxxvii. 13). But the people whom the Fire would afflict (temporarily) on account of their sins, or so said (the narrator)” on account of their misdeeds,” He would cause them to die till they would be turned into charcoal. Then they would be granted intercession and would be brought in groups and would be spread on the rivers of Paradise and then it would be said: O inhabitants of Paradise, pour water over them; then they would sprout forth like the sprouting of seed in the silt carried by flood. A man among the people said: (It appears) as if the Messenger of Allah lived in the steppe.
20.10 Ibn Fudail reported on the authority of his father that he heard Salim b. `Abdullah b. `Umar as saying:
O people of Iraq, how strange it is that you ask about the minor sins but commit major sins? I heard from my father `Abdullah b. `Umar, narrating that he heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying while pointing his hand towards the east: Verily, the turmoil would come from this side, from where appear the horns of Satan and you would strike the necks of one another; and Moses killed a person from among the people of Pharaoh unintentionally and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: “You killed a person but We relieved you from the grief and tried you with (many a) trial” (xx. 40). Ahmad b. `Umar reported this hadith from Salim, but he did not make a mention of the words: “I heard”.
20.11 Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, recited TaHa and YaSeen one thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, and when the angels heard the Quran they said: Glad tidings to the nation to whom this is revealed, glad tidings to the hearts that carry this, glad tidings to the tongues that speak it.”
20.12 Ma’qil ibn Yasar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Learn the Quran, accept as permissible what it permits, regard as forbidden what it forbids, follow its guidance and do not reject anything in it. Whatever you are confused about in it, refer it to Allah and to those who are in authority after I am gone, so that they may tell you. Believe in the Tawrat and Injeel and Zaboor, and what the Prophets brought from their Lord, but be content with the Quran and what it contains of clarity, for it is an intercessor whose intercession will be accepted. Each verse will have light on the Day of Resurrection. I have been given Surah al-Baqarah among the early Revelation, and I have been given TaHa and Taseen-Meems and Ha-Meems from the tablets of Moosa and I have been given the Opening of the Book (al-Fatihah) from beneath the Throne.
(Al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak 1/757)
20.13 It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say in his du’a (supplication):
“O Lord of TaHa and YaSeen, O Lord of the Holy Quran.”
20.14 It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
“Whoever reads TaHa will be given the reward of the Muhajireen (Emigrants) and the Ansar (Helpers) on the Day of Resurrection.”
(Al-Kashf Al-Ilahi by al-Tarabulsi 1/178, Al-Zamakhshari, Al-Baydawi)
20.15 Ibn Kathir related about
وسبح بحمد ربك قبل طلوع الشمس وقبل غروبها
And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting (20:130)
It has been mentioned in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Jarir bin Abdullah Al-Bajali, who said, “Once we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah when he looked up at the moon on a night when it was full. He said, “Verily, you all will see your Lord (in the Hereafter) just as you see this moon and you will not have to crowd together to see Him. Therefore, if you are able to not miss a prayer before sunrise (Fajr) and before sunset (`Asr), then you should do so. Then he recited this Ayah.”
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Umarah bin Ru’aybah that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying, “Anyone who prays before sunrise and before sunset will never enter the Hellfire.” This was also recorded by Muslim.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
20.16 Mufti Shafi Usmani related about Surah Ta-Ha
And it was this very Surah which brought about the conversion of Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (رضي الله عنه) who had actually set out fully determined to kill the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) This story has been related in all the books of Sirah (Biographies of the Holy Prophet).
The story as narrated by Ibn Ishaq runs as follows: One day Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (رضي الله عنه) set out, with sword in hand, fully determined to kill the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). On the way Nu’aim Ibn ‘Abdullah accosted him and asked him where was he headed to. Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (رضي الله عنه) replied that he was going to finish off the man who had sown discord among the Quraish, vilified their faith, seduced them from belief and disparaged their idols. Nu’aim then said “O ‘Umar! You are deceiving yourself. If you kill Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), do you really think that his clan Bani ‘Abd Munaf will spare your life? If you have any sense, better see to your own sister and her husband because they both have become Muslims and have accepted the religion of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم).” Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (رضي الله عنه) was shaken by what he heard and retraced his steps towards the house of his sister and her husband. At that moment Sayyidna Khabbab bin ‘Arath (رضي الله عنه), one of the Companions of the Holy Prophet, was teaching both of them Surah Ta-Ha which was written on a sheet of paper.
When they realized that Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (رضي الله عنه) was coming, Sayyidna Khabbab Ibn ‘Arath (رضي الله عنه) hid himself in another room or in some corner of the house and Sayyidna ‘Umar’s sister hid the sheet of paper under her thigh. But Sayyidna ‘Umar had heard Sayyidna Khabbab Ibn Arath (رضي الله عنه) reciting something, and he asked his sister what was it. She tried to evade the question but he would not be put off. Finally he came out in the open and told them point blank that he had just learned about them becoming Muslim and followers of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). Having said this, he started beating his brother-in-law Sa’id Ibn Zaid (رضي الله عنه) and when his sister Fatimah (رضي الله عنها) came to the rescue of her husband he beat her too and left her bleeding.
Sayyidah Fatimah (رضي الله عنها) and her husband had enough of it and they called out defiantly, “All right, you listen now! It is true that we have become Muslims and have adopted the Faith of Allah Ta’ala and His Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). Now you do whatever you want”. Sayyidna ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) then saw that his sister was bleeding and he felt remorse for being too rough with her. He asked her to show him the sheet of paper from which she was reading so that he could learn something about the teachings of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم). Sayyidna ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) was a literate person. That is why he wanted to read the sheet of paper himself. His sister was afraid that he might either destroy or desecrate it, but he assured her on oath that he would do neither and promised to return it to her after he had read it. When she saw the way things were moving and noticed a change in his attitude, she even began to entertain the hope that he too might become a Muslim. But she told him that he was unclean and only those who were clean could touch the sheet. So Sayyidna ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) bathed and his sister gave him the sheet on which Surah Ta-Ha was written. He read the first few lines and said, “It is written in beautiful language and appears to be worthy of respect.” Khabbab Ibn ‘Arath who had remained hidden all this time, now came out and said, “O ‘Umar Ibn Khattab! Allah Ta’ala is very Merciful and it is my conviction that He had chosen you in response to the ardent wishes of the Holy Prophet whom I heard only yesterday making the following supplication to Allah Ta’ala
(“O Allah! Strengthen Islam through Abul Hikam Ibn Hisham (meaning Abu Jahl) or ‘Umar Ibn Khattab”).
The intention was that the conversion of either one of these two men would lend great strength to the Muslims who were as yet very weak. Ibn Khabbab said, “O ‘Umar! This is your chance. Do not miss it”. At this, Sayyidna ‘Umar Ibn Khattab requested Khabbab (رضي الله عنه) to take him to the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) (Qurtubi). What followed next and how he came to the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and embraced Islam is too well known to need a repetition at this place.
20.17 Imam Ibn Mardawih narrated from Hazrat Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) that
The Messenger of Allah said, “I have been blessed with the Surah from Dhikr al-Awwal
in which the cattle are mentioned (Surah Al-An’am). The Surahs of Ta-Ha and Ha-Meem were gifted from the Tablets of Moses (عليه السلام). Surah Fatihah and the last verse of Surah Baqarah were bestowed from beneath the Throne and further the Mufassal were given to me.”
20.18 Imam Ibn Mardawih narrated from Abu Umama that
The Prophet said, “The recitation of Qur’an will be dwindled for the people of Jannah. They will not recite anything from it except the Surahs TaHa and YaSeen. These two Surahs will be recited in the Jannah by its people.”
رب اشرح لي صدري
My Lord, expand for me my breast [with assurance]
ويسر لي أمري
And ease for me my task (20:25-26)
ربنا إننا نخاف أن يفرط علينا أو أن يطغى
Our Lord, indeed we are afraid that he will hasten [punishment] against us or that he will transgress (20:45)
إنا آمنا بربنا ليغفر لنا خطايانا وما أكرهتنا عليه من السحر والله خير وأبقى
Indeed, we have believed in our Lord that He may forgive us our sins and what you compelled us [to do] of magic. And Allah is better and more enduring (20:73)
رب زدني علما
My Lord, increase me in knowledge (20:114)