19.1 Narrated Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه)
“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited:
And warn them of a Day of griefs and regrets (19:39)
and he said: ‘Death will be brought as if it is a mixed black and white ram, until it is halted upon the barrier between Paradise and the Fire. It will be said: ‘O people of Paradise! They will raise up their necks to look. It will be said: ‘O people of the Fire! And they will raise up their necks to look. It will be said: ‘Do you recognize this?’ They will say: ‘Yes. This is death.’ Then it will be laid down and slaughtered. If it were not that Allah had decreed that the inhabitants of Paradise would remain, then they would die of joy, and if it were not that Allah had decreed that the inhabitants of the Fire would remain, then they would die of grief.'”
19.2 Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) reported:
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to Jibril (Gabriel), “What prevents you from visiting us more frequently?” Thereupon was revealed the Ayah:
“(The angels say:) ‘And we (angels) descend not except by the Command of your Rubb. To Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between those two”. (19:64)
19.3 It was narrated from Hafsah (رضي الله عنها) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:
“I hope that no one of those who witnessed (the battle of) Badr and (Treaty) Hudaybiyah will enter Hell, if Allah wills.” I said: “O Messenger of Allah, doesn’t Allah say
“There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell); this is with your Lord, a decree which must be accomplished?” [19:71]
He said: “Have you not heard that He says:
‘Then We shall save those who use to fear Allah and were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the wrongdoers therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell)?’” [19:72]
19.4 Narrated As-Suddi (رحمه الله)
“I asked Murrah Al-Hamdani about the saying of Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He:
There is not one of you but will pass over it (19:71).
So he narrated to me that ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud narrated to him saying: ‘The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “The people will pass over the Fire, then they avert it based upon their deeds. The first of them (would pass over it) like a flash of lightening, then like the wind, then like a fleeing horse, then like a rider fleeing on a mount, then like a man fleeing, then like one walking.”
19.5 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “A Muslim whose three children die (in infancy) will not be touched by the Fire (of Hell) except for the fulfillment of Allah’s Oath.”
[Allah’s Oath here refers to His Ayah:
“There is not one of you but will cross over it (Hell).” (19:71)
And the crossing will be across the ‘Bridge’ set over the Hell.]
19.6 Narrated `Abdullah (رضي الله عنه)
The Suras of Bani Israel, Al-Kahf, Mariyam, Taha and Al-Anbiya are from the very old Suras which I learnt by heart, and they are my first property.
19.7 Narrated Shaiban (رحمه الله)
From Qatadah, that regarding Allah’s saying: And we raised him to a high station (19:57). He said: “Anas bin Malik narrated that Allah’s Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “When I was brought up, I saw Idris in the Fourth Heaven.”
19.8 Narrated Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah (رضي الله عنه)
“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) sent me to Najran. They said to me: ‘Do you people not recite: O sister of Harun (19:28) – while between Musa and ‘Eisa there is such (gap) as there is?’ I did not know how to respond to them. So when I returned to the Prophet (ﷺ), I told him about that, and he said: ‘Why didn’t you tell them that they were named after their Prophets and righteous people before them.'”
19.9 Narrated Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:
“When Allah loves a slave He calls Jibra’il, (saying): ‘Indeed I love so-and-so, so love him.'” He said: “So he calls out in the heavens. Then love for him descends among the people of the earth. That is as in the saying of Allah: Verily, those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Gracious will grant love for them (19:96). And when Allah hates a slave He calls out to Jibra’il, (saying): ‘Indeed I hate so-and-so.’ So he calls out in the heavens. Then hatred for him descends upon the earth.'”
19.10 Narrated Masruq (رضي الله عنه)
“I heard Khabbab bin Al-Aratt saying: ‘I came to Al-‘As bin Wa’il As-Sahmi to collect a debt he owed me. He said: ‘You shall not be given anything until you deny Muhammad.’ So I said: ‘No, not until you are dead and resurrected.’ He said: ‘After I die and I am resurrected?’ So I said: ‘Yes.’ So he said: ‘I shall indeed have wealth and offspring to repay you with.’ So (the following) Ayah was revealed: Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat and said: I shall certainly be given wealth and children (19:77).'”
19.11 Khabbab (رضي الله عنه) reported that Al-`As b. Wa’il owed debt to me. I came to him in order to demand that. He said:
I will never repay you unless you belie Muhammad. I said: I would never belie Muhammad until you die and you are again raised up. He said: When I would be raised up after death, I would repay your debt when I would get my property and children back. Waki` said: This is how Al-A`mash has narrated and it was on this occasion that this verse was revealed: “Hast thou seen him who disbelieves in Our message and says: I shall certainly be given wealth and children” (xix, 77) up to “he would come to Us alone” (xix, 80).
19.12 It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:
I was brought al-Buraq Who is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place his hoof a distance equal to the range of version. I mounted it and came to the Temple (Bait Maqdis in Jerusalem), then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak’ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the natural thing. Then he took me to heaven. Gabriel then asked the (gate of heaven) to be opened and he was asked who he was. He replied: Gabriel. He was again asked: Who is with you? He (Gabriel) said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? Gabriel replied: He has indeed been sent for. And (the door of the heaven) was opened for us and lo! we saw Adam. He welcomed me and prayed for my good. Then we ascended to the second heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) (asked the door of heaven to be opened), and he was asked who he was. He answered: Gabriel; and was again asked: Who is with you? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The gate was opened.
When I entered ‘Isa b. Maryam and Yahya b. Zakariya (peace be upon both of them), cousins from the maternal side. welcomed me and prayed for my good Then I was taken to the third heaven and Gabriel asked for the opening (of the door). He was asked: Who are you? He replied: Gabriel. He was (again) asked: Who is with you? He replied Muhammad (ﷺ). It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and I saw Yusuf (peace of Allah be upon him) who had been given half of (world) beauty. He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then he ascended with us to the fourth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the (gate) to be opened, and it was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with you? He said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The (gate) was opened for us, and lo! Idris was there. He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being (About him) Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, has said:” We elevated him (Idris) to the exalted position” (Qur’an xix. 57). Then he ascended with us to the fifth heaven and Gabriel asked for the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and then I was with Harun (Aaron-peace of Allah be upon him). He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken to the sixth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the door to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I was with Musa (Moses peace be upon him) He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being.
Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven. Gabriel asked the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He said: Gabriel It was said. Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad (may peace be upon him.) It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I found Ibrahim (Abraham peace be upon him) reclining against the Bait-ul-Ma’mur and there enter into it seventy thousand angels every day, never to visit (this place) again. Then I was taken to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty. Then Allah revealed to me a revelation and He made obligatory for me fifty prayers every day and night. Then I went down to Moses (peace be upon him) and he said: What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah? I said: Fifty prayers. He said: Return to thy Lord and beg for reduction (in the number of prayers), for your community shallnot be able to bear this burden. as I have put to test the children of Isra’il and tried them (and found them too weak to bear such a heavy burden). He (the Holy Prophet) said: I went back to my Lord and said: My Lord, make things lighter for my Ummah. (The Lord) reduced five prayers for me. I went down to Moses and said. (The Lord) reduced five (prayers) for me, He said: Verily thy Ummah shall not be able to bear this burden; return to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter.
I then kept going back and forth between my Lord Blessed and Exalted and Moses, till He said: There are five prayers every day and night. O Muhammad, each being credited as ten, so that makes fifty prayers. He who intends to do a good deed and does not do it will have a good deed recorded for him; and if he does it, it will be recorded for him as ten; whereas he who intends to do an evil deed and does not do, it will not be recorded for him; and if he does it, only one evil deed will be recorded. I then came down and when I came to Moses and informed him, he said: Go back to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. Upon this the Messenger of Allah remarked: I returned to my Lord until I felt ashamed before Him.
19.13 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about
لا يسمعون فيها لغوا إلا سلاما ولهم رزقهم فيها بكرة وعشيّا
They will not hear therein any ill speech – only [greetings of] peace – and they will have their provision therein, morning and afternoon (19:62)
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “The first group to enter into Paradise will have forms like the form of the moon on a night when it is full. They will not spit, nor will they blow their noses therein. They also will not defecate. Their containers and combs will be made of gold and silver and their censers will be of aloes wood. Their sweat will be the fragrance of musk and each of them will have two wives. The marrow of their shins will be visible from beneath the skin due to their beauty. They will not have any disputes between them, or any hatred. Their hearts will be united like the heart of one man. They will glorify Allah in the morning and evening.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim both recorded this narration in the Two Sahihs.
Imam Ahmad also recorded that Ibn Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “The martyrs will be upon the banks of a river by the gates of Paradise. Over them will be a green dome. Their sustenance will be brought out to them from Paradise, morning and evening.”
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
19.14 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about
إذ نادى ربه نداء خفيّا
When he called upon his Lord in a low voice (19:3)
Sayyidna Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas has narrated that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) once said, “Surely the best way to make supplication to Allah is in undertone and the best sustenance is that which is sufficient for one’s needs (i.e. neither more nor less than required) ”
قال رب إني وهن العظم مني واشتعل الرأس شيبا ولم أكن بدعائك رب شقيّا
He said: My Lord! surely my bones are weakened and my head flares with hoariness, and, my Lord! I have never been unsuccessful in my prayer to Thee
وإني خفت الموالي من ورائي وكانت امرأتي عاقرا فهب لي من لدنك وليّا
And surely I fear my cousins after me, and my wife is barren, therefore grant me from Thyself an heir
يرثني ويرث من آل يعقوب واجعله رب رضيّا
Who should inherit me and inherit from the children of Yaqoub, and make him, my Lord, one in whom Thou art well pleased (19:4-6)
For possible acceptance of supplication it is better to mention one’s weakness, destitution and inadequacy. For this reason religious scholars have emphasized that one should recount Allah Ta`ala’s blessings and his own exigency before making his supplication. (Qurtubi)
19.15 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about
وكان يأمر أهله بالصلاة والزكاة وكان عند ربه مرضيّا
And he [Ismail (عليه السلام)] enjoined on his family prayer and almsgiving, and was one in whom his Lord was well pleased (19:55)
Sayyidna Ismail (علیہ السلام) used to make special efforts in following this directive. Likewise, the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) also received special directive to warn his family members and close relations against Allah’s wrath-
وأنذر عشيرتك الأقربين
And warn the nearest people of your clan (26:214)
As a consequence he assembled them all and conveyed to them Allah’s command. The other point to consider here is that prophets are sent by Allah for the guidance of entire people. They convey Allah’s message to everyone and bind them to obey His command. Then what is the point in making special mention of the members of family? The thing is that there are certain principles which the prophets observe when calling upon people to follow the path of righteousness, and one of them is to give the call first to one’s own family members before calling upon the general public. It is a lot easier to prevail upon one’s own family members and to monitor their actions. Once the family members have accepted a certain way of life and have started acting on it routinely then it becomes much easier to spread the same message among others at large. When people see for themselves others following a righteous path it becomes much easier to convert them. The most effective means for bringing about an improvement in the character of the people is by creating a religious environment. Experience shows that virtue and vice both proliferate faster and wider in a receptive environment than through teaching and preaching.
19.16 Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Muwaraq al-Ajli (رحمه الله) that
He prayed Zuhr behind Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) and he recited Surah Maryam.
(Musnaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 1/313, Dur al-Manthur)
19.17 Imam Ibn S’ad (رحمه الله) narrated from Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) that
I reached Medina while the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) was in Khaybar. I saw that a man from Bani Ghifar was leading the morning prayer. He recited Surah Maryam in the first rakah and Al-Mutaffifin in the second rakah.
(Tabaqat Al-Kubra 4/327-28, Dur al-Manthur)
رب إني وهن العظم مني واشتعل الرأس شيبا ولم أكن بدعائك رب شقيّا
My Lord, indeed my bones have weakened, and my head has filled with white, and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, unhappy
وإني خفت الموالي من ورائي وكانت امرأتي عاقرا فهب لي من لدنك وليّا
And indeed, I fear the successors after me, and my wife has been barren, so give me from Yourself an heir
يرثني ويرث من آل يعقوب واجعله رب رضيّا
Who will inherit me and inherit from the family of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, pleasing [to You]. (19:4-6)
رب اجعل لي آية
My Lord, make for me a sign (19:10)
سلام عليك سأستغفر لك ربي إنه كان بي حفيّا
Peace will be upon you. I will ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Indeed, He is ever gracious to me. (19:47)