Benefits and Virtues of Surah 10 Yunus

virtues-benefits-surah-yunus

10. Yunus

10.1 Suhaib (رضي الله عنه) reported the Apostle (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) saying:

When those deserving of Paradise would enter Paradise, the Blessed and the Exalted would ask: Do you wish Me to give you anything more? They would say: Hast Thou not brightened our faces? Hast Thou not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire? He (the narrator) said: He (God) would lift the veil, and of things given to them nothing would he dearer to them than the sight of their Lord, the Mighty and the Glorious. (Sahih Muslim 181 a)

10.1.1 Hammad b. Salama (رضي الله عنه) narrated it on the same authority and added:

He then recited the verse:” Those who do good will have the best reward and even more” (x. 26)

Sahih Muslim 181 b

10.2 Narrated Suhaib (رضي الله عنه)

From the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم), regarding the saying of Allah Most High:

And for those who have done good is the best and even more (10:26)

– He (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “When the inhabitants of Paradise have entered Paradise a caller will call out: ‘Indeed there remains for you a promise with Allah, and He wants to reward you with it.’ They will say: ‘Have your faces not been made bright, have we not been saved from the Fire, and have we not been admitted into Paradise?'” He said: “So the Veil will be lifted.” He said: “By Allah! Nothing given to them [by Allah] will be more beloved to them than looking at Him.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3105

10.3 Suhaib (رضي الله عنه) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “When the inhabitants of Jannah enter Jannah, Allah, the Glorious and Exalted, will say to them: ‘Do you wish me to give you anything more?’ They will reply: ‘Have You not made our faces bright? Have You not brought us into Jannah and delivered us from the Hell?’ And Allah will remove the Veil. The (dwellers of Jannah) will feel that they have not been awarded anything dearer to them than looking at their Rubb.” [Muslim].

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“Verily, those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, their Rubb will guide them through their Faith; under them will flow rivers in the Gardens of Delight (Jannah). Their way of request therein will be Subhanaka Allahumma (Glory to You, O Allah!) and Salam (peace, safety from evil) will be their greetings therein (Jannah)! and the close of their request will be: Al-hamdu lillahi Rabbil-‘Alamin [All the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Rubb of ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)].” (10:9,10)

Riyad as-Salihin Book 20, Hadith 28

10.4 It was narrated that ‘Ubadah bin Samit (رضي الله عنه) said

“I asked the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) the about the Saying of Allah, Glorious is He: ‘For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present world, and in the Hereafter.”[10:64] He said: ‘Those are good dreams that a Muslim sees or are seen about him.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah 3898

10.5 Narrated ‘Ata bin Yasar (رضي الله عنه)

From a man among the people of Egypt who said: “I asked Abu Ad-Darda (رضي الله عنه) about this Ayah: For them is good news in the life of the present world (10:64). He said: ‘No one asked me about since I asked the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) about it, and he (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “No one asked me about it other than you, since it was revealed. It is the righteous dream that the Muslims sees, or that it seen about him.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3106

10.6 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about

دعواهم فيها سبحانك اللهم وتحيتهم فيها سلام وآخر دعواهم أن الحمد لله رب العالمين

Their call therein will be, “Exalted are You, O Allah ,” and their greeting therein will be, “Peace.” And the last of their call will be, “Praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds!” (10:10)

A Qudsi Hadith reported that Allah Ta’ala said, “A servant of Mine who remains busy glorifying Me all the time, so much so that he finds no time even to ask what was to be asked, then, I shall give him the best of what is asked by all those who ask, that is, take care of what he needs to be done without his having to ask for it.” If so, the expression: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma‘ that has been translated as ‘Pure are You, O Allah’ could also be called a dua (prayer).

It is in terms of this sense that a Hadith in the Sahih of al-Bukhari and Muslim reports that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) used to make the following dua when in pain or anxiety:

لا إلہ إلا اللہ اَلعَظِیم اَلحَلِیم، لا إلہ إلا اللہ رَبُّ العَرشِ العَظِیم، لا إلہ إلا اللہ رَبُّ السَمٰوٰتِ و رَبُّ الاَرضِ وَ رَبُّ العَرشِ الکَرِیم

There is no god but Allah, the Great, the Forbearing; there is no god but Allah, the Lord of the Great Throne; there is no god but Allah, the Lord of the Heavens and the Lord of the Earth and the Lord of the Generous Throne.

Imam al-Tabari (رحمه الله) said: The worthy forbears of the Muslim Community (al-salaf al-salihun) used to call it the prayer of pain (the dua of karb). Whenever in intense pain, anxiety or distress, they would recite these words and pray to Allah for relief. (Tafsir Qurtubi)

There is yet another Hadith report carried by Imam Ibn Jarir, Ibn Mundhir and others that the people of Jannah, when they wish to have something, will say ‘Subhanaka Allahumma‘ (سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّـهُمَّ). Hearing this, the angels will instantly present what they wished before them – as if, the words: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma‘ (سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّـهُمَّ) will serve as a password or access code for the people of Jannah through which they will articulate their wish, and the angels, doing their duty, will fulfill it every time.(Ruh al-Ma’ani and Qurtubi) From that angle, we can also call the statement: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma‘ (سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّـهُمَّ), a du’a.

It is recommended (mustahabb) that a person making du’a also says:

وَآخِرُ‌ دَعْوَاهُمْ أَنِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ رَ‌بِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

And our prayer at the end is that praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds

at the end of it. AI-Qurtubi adds to that by saying: Along with it, it is better to also recite the following last verses of Surah As-Saffat:

سُبْحَانَ رَ‌بِّكَ رَ‌بِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ

وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْ‌سَلِينَ

وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ رَ‌بِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Pure is your Lord, Lord of all might, above from what they ascribe to Him. And salam (peace and security) be on the Messengers. And praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds – 37:180-182.

(Abridged from Ma’ariful Qur’an)

10.7 Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Sa`d narrated from his father, from Sa`d (رضي الله عنهم) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said:

“The supplication of Dhun-Nun [Prophet Sayyidina Yunus (عليه السلام)] when he supplicated (21:87), while in the belly of the whale was:

﴾ لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين ﴿

‘There is none worthy of worship except You, Glory to You, Indeed, I have been of the transgressors. ’

So indeed, no Muslim man supplicates with it for anything, ever, except Allah responds to him.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3505

10.8 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about

ألا إن أولياء الله لا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون

Unquestionably, [for] the allies of Allah there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve (10:62)

Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه)said that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Among the servants of Allah there will be those whom the Prophets and the martyrs will consider fortunate. It was said: “Who are these, O Messenger of Allah, so we may love them?” He said: “These are people who loved one another for the sake of Allah without any other interest like money or kinship. Their faces will be light, upon platforms of light. They shall have no fear (on that Day) when fear shall come upon people. Nor shall they grieve when others grieve. Then he recited: “Behold! Verily, the Awliya‘ (friends and allies) of Allah, no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve.” (10:62)

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

10.9 Imam Ibn Mardawih (رحمه الله) related from Hazrat Ans (رضي الله عنه) that

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has bestowed upon me the Surahs beginning with ‘Alif-Laam-Ra‘ (Chapters 10, 11, 12, 14 and 15)and ‘Ta-Seen‘ (Chapters 26, 27 and 28) in place of Injeel (Gospel)”.

(Dur al-Manthur)

10.10 Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah (رحمه الله) in Musnaf narrated from Hazrat Akhnaf (رضي الله عنه) that

He offered the morning prayer behind Hazrat Unar (رضي الله عنه) and he recited the Surahs Yunus and Hud.

(Musnaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 1/310)

10.11 Duas

دعواهم فيها سبحانك اللهم وتحيتهم فيها سلام وآخر دعواهم أن الحمد لله رب العالمين

Their call therein will be, “Exalted are You, O Allah ,” and their greeting therein will be, “Peace.” And the last of their call will be, “Praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds!” (10:10)

فقالوا على الله توكلنا ربنا لا تجعلنا فتنة للقوم الظالمين

So they said, “Upon Allah do we rely. Our Lord, make us not [objects of] trial for the wrongdoing people

ونجنا برحمتك من القوم الكافرين

And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people.” (10:85-86)

وقال موسى ربنا إنك آتيت فرعون وملأه زينة وأموالا في الحياة الدنيا ربنا ليضلوا عن سبيلك ربنا اطمس على أموالهم واشدد على قلوبهم فلا يؤمنوا حتى يروا العذاب الأليم

And Moses said, “Our Lord, indeed You have given Pharaoh and his establishment splendor and wealth in the worldly life, our Lord, that they may lead [men] astray from Your way. Our Lord, obliterate their wealth and harden their hearts so that they will not believe until they see the painful punishment.” (10:88)

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