15.1 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)
That regarding Allah’s saying:
فوربك لنسألنهم أجمعين
So by your Lord, We will surely question them all.
عما كانوا يعملون
About what they used to do. (15:92-93)
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “About saying La ilaha il Allah.”
15.2 Narrated Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه)
That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Beware of the believer’s intuition, for indeed he sees with Allah’s Light.” Then he recited:
إن في ذلك لآيات للمتوسمين
Indeed in that are signs for those who discern. (15:75)
15.3 Ibn Shihab (رضي الله عنه) reported
And he had been talking about the stony abodes of Thamud, and he said: Salim b. ‘Abdullah reported that ‘Abdullah b. Umar said: We were passing along with Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) through the habitations of Hijr, and Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: Do not enter but weepingly the habitations of these persons who committed tyranny among themselves, lest the same calamity should fall upon you as it fell upon them. He then urged his mount to proceed quickly and pass through that valley hurriedly.
15.4 Narrated Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه)
When Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) landed at Al-Hijr during the Ghazwa of Tabuk, he ordered his companions not to drink water from its well or reserve water from it. They said, “We have already kneaded the dough with its water. and also filled our bags with its water.” On that, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) ordered them to throw away the dough and pour out the water.
15.5 Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (رضي الله عنه)
The people landed at the land of Thamud called Al-Hijr along with Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and they took water from its well for drinking and kneading the dough with it as well. [When Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) heard about it] he ordered them to pour out the water they had taken from its wells and feed the camels with the dough, and ordered them to take water from the well whence the she-camel [of Prophet Salih (عليه السلام)] used to drink.
15.6 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded
ونزعنا ما في صدورهم من غلّ إخوانا على سرر متقابلين
And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of resentment, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other (15:47)
‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hamdan al-‘Adl informed us> Ahmad ibn Ja‘far ibn Malik> ‘Abd Allah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal> Muhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Khalid al-Fahham> ‘Ali ibn Hashim> Kathir al-Nawwa’ who said: “I said to Abu Ja‘far: ‘So-and-so related to me that he related from ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with father and son, that this verse was revealed about Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Ali (رضي الله عنهم).
(And We remove whatever rancour may be in their breasts. As brethren, face to face, (they rest) on couches raised)’.
He said: ‘By Allah, it was revealed about them; and about whom else would it be revealed if not about them’. I asked: ‘What rancour is that which is referred to here?’ He said: ‘The rancour of the time of ignorance; there was rancour between the Banu Taym, the Banu ‘Adiyy and the Banu Hashim during the period of ignorance. When these people embraced Islam, they loved each other. In one occasion, Abu Bakr had pain in his waist, so ‘Ali warmed his hand and applied it on Abu Bakr’s waist. This verse was then revealed’ ”.
15.7 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded about
نبئ عبادي أني أنا الغفور الرحيم
[O Muhammad], inform My servants that it is I who am the Forgiving, the Merciful (15:49)
Ibn al-Mubarak reported through his chain of transmission from a Companion of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, that he said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) came out to us from the door which the Banu Shaybah use and found us laughing. He said: ‘I see that you are laughing!’ He retreated but when he reached the buttress, he came back to us and said: ‘When I left, Gabriel, peace be upon him, came to me and said: ‘O Muhammad, Allah, glorious and majestic is He, says: Why are you driving my servants to despair? (Announce, (O Muhammad) unto My slaves that verily I am the Forgiving, the Merciful)’ ‘ ”.
15.8 Al-Wahidi (رحمه الله) recorded about
ولقد آتيناك سبعا من المثاني والقرآن العظيم
And We have certainly given you, [O Muhammad], seven of the often repeated [verses] and the great Qur’an (15:87)
Al-Husayn ibn al-Fadl said: “Seven caravans, belonging to the Jews of Qurayzah and al-Nadir from Busrah and Adhri’at, arrived in the same day. They brought different kinds of linen, stuff of perfumes and jewels and sea stuff. The Muslims said: ‘Had these riches been ours, we would have derived some strength from them and spent them in the way of Allah’. And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse. He said: ‘I have given you seven verses which are better than these seven caravans’. The authenticity of this report is evidenced by what Allah, exalted is He, says after this verse
(Strain not thine eyes toward that which We cause some wedded pairs among them to enjoin) [15:88]”.
|There are some differences among the scholars over the meaning of ‘seven of the Mathani‘. Some believe they (the seven of the Mathani) are Al-Fatihah, which is composed of seven Aayat. While others are of the opinion that they are the seven long surahs meaning Al-Baqarah, Al-Imran, An-Nisa’, Al-Ma’idah, Al-An’am, Al-A’raf, and Yunus.|
15.9 Mufti Shafi Usmani (رحمه الله) related about
ولقد نعلم أنك يضيق صدرك بما يقولون
And We already know that your breast is constrained by what they say
فسبح بحمد ربك وكن من الساجدين
So exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate [to Him] (15:97-98)
From verses 97 and 98, we learn that should one face heart-rending sayings and doings of enemies the anxiety from which bothers him, then, there is a spiritual cure for that condition: Let him or her get busy with Tasbih and Ibadah, praising Allah Ta’ala and praying before Him. Allah Ta’ala will Himself remove this pain and anxiety.
15.10 Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله) related about
فسبح بحمد ربك وكن من الساجدين
So exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate [to Him]
واعبد ربك حتى يأتيك اليقين
And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty (death) (15:98-99)
Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) reported from Nu’aym bin Hammar (رضي الله عنه) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) say: Allah (عز وجل) said, “O son of Adam! It is not too difficult for you to perform four Rak`ah at the beginning of the day, (and if you do them,) I will take care of you until the end of it.”
It was reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari from Imran bin Husayn (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah said (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم): Pray standing, and if you cannot, then sitting, and if you cannot, then on your side.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)