Benefits and Virtues of Surah 5 Al-Maidah

virtues-benefits-surah-al-maidah

5. Al-Ma’idah

5.1 Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

“The last Surah revealed was Surat Al-Ma’idah and Al-Fath.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3063

5.2  Jubayr bin Nufayr said,

“I performed Hajj once and visited `A’ishah and she said to me, `O Jubayr! Do you read (or memorize) Al-Ma’idah ‘ I answered `Yes.’ She said, `It was the last Surah to be revealed. Therefore, whatever permissible matters you find in it, then consider (treat) them permissible. And whatever impermissible matters you find in it, then consider (treat) them impermissible.”’

(Mustadrak of Al-Hakim)

5.3 Yahya related to me from Malik

from Abd al-Malik ibn Qurayr from Muhammad ibn Sirin that a man came to Umar ibn al-Khattab and said, “I was racing a friend on horseback towards a narrow mountain trail and we killed a gazelle accidently and we were in ihram. What is your opinion?” Umar said to a man by his side, “Come, so that you and I may make an assessment.” They decided on a female goat for him, and the man turned away saying, “This amir al-muminin cannot even make an assessment in the case of a gazelle until he calls a man to decide with him.” Umar overheard the man’s words and called him and asked him, “Do you recite surat al-Ma’ida?” and he said, “No.” He said, “Then do you recognize this man who has taken the decision with me?” and he said, “No.” He said, “If you had told me that you did recite surat al-Ma’ida, I would have dealt you a blow.” Then he said, “Allah the Blessed, the Exalted says in His Book, ‘as shall be judged by two men of justice among you, a sacrificial animal to reach the Kaba’ (Sura 5 ayat 95), and this is Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf.”

Muwatta Malik Book 20, Hadith 240

5.4 Shaqiq reported:

I was sitting in the company of Abdullah and Abu Musa when Abu Musa said: 0 ‘Abd al-Rahman (kunya of ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud), what would you like a man to do about the prayer if he experiences a seminal emission or has sexual intercourse but does not find water for a month? ‘Abdullah said: He should not perform tayammum even if he does not find water for a month. ‘Abdullah said: Then what about the verse in Sura Ma’ida:” If you do not find water, betake yourself to clean dust”? ‘Abdullah said: If they were granted concession on the basis of this verse, there is a possibility that they would perform tayammum with dust on finding water very cold for themselves. Abu Musa said to Abdullah: You have not heard the words of ‘Ammar: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) sent me on an errand and I had a seminal emission, but could find no water, and rolled myself in dust just as a beast rolls itself. I came to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) then and made a mention of that to him and he (the Holy Prophet) said: It would have been enough for you to do thus. Then he struck the ground with his hands once and wiped his right hand with the help of his left hand and the exterior of his palms and his face. ‘Abdullah said: Didn’t you see that Umar was not fully satisfied with the words of ‘Ammar only?

Sahih Muslim 368 a

5.5 Narrated Al-A`mash:

Shaqiq said, “While I was sitting with `Abdullah and Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari, the latter asked the former, ‘If a person becomes Junub and does not find water for one month, can he perform Tayammum and offer his prayer?’ (He applied in the negative). Abu Musa said, ‘What do you say about this verse from Sura “Al-Ma’ida”: When you do not find water then perform Tayammum with clean earth? `Abdullah replied, ‘If we allowed it then they would probably perform Tayammum with clean earth even if water were available but cold.’ I said to Shaqiq, ‘You then disliked to perform Tayammum because of this?’ Shaqiq said, ‘Yes.’ (Shaqiq added), “Abu Musa said, ‘Haven’t you heard the statement of `Ammar to `Umar? He said: I was sent out by Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) for some job and I became Junub and could not find water so I rolled myself over the dust (clean earth) like an animal does, and when I told the Prophet (ﷺ) of that he said, ‘Like this would have been sufficient.’ The Prophet (ﷺ) (saying so) lightly stroked the earth with his hand once and blew it off, then passed his (left) hand over the back of his right hand or his (right) hand over the back of his left hand and then passed them over his face.’ So `Abdullah said to Abu- Musa, ‘Don’t you know that `Umar was not satisfied with `Ammar’s statement?’ ” Narrated Shaqiq: While I was with `Abdullah and Abu Musa, the latter said to the former, “Haven’t you heard the statement of `Ammar to `Umar? He said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) sent you and me out and I became Junub and rolled myself in the dust (clean earth) (for Tayammum). When we came to Allah’s Apostle I told him about it and he said, ‘This would have been sufficient,’ passing his hands over his face and the backs of his hands once only.’ ”

Sahih al-Bukhari 347

5.6 Narrated Anas bin Malik:

“The Prophet (ﷺ) would recite: ‘Anin-nafsu Bin-Nafsi Wal-‘Ainu Bil-‘Aini'” (From 5:45)

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 43, Hadith 2929

5.7 Narrated ‘Abdullah:

“When (the following) was revealed: Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate, if they have Taqwa and perform good (5:93). The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to me: ‘You are among them.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3053

5.8 Narrated Anas bin Malik:

that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah! Who is my father?” He said: “Your father is so-and-so.” He said: “So (the following) was revealed: O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble (5:101).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3056

5.9 It was narrated that Jasrah bint Dijajah said:

“I heard Abu Dharr say: ‘The Prophet (ﷺ) stood reciting a Verse and repeating it until morning came. That Verse was: “If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You, are the All- Mighty, the All-Wise.’”” [5:118]

Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1350

5.10 Narrated Al-Bara:

“A man among the Companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) died before Khamr had been made unlawful. So when Khamr was made unlawful, some men said: ‘How about our companions who died while drinking Khamr?’ So (the following) was revealed: Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what the ate, if they have Taqwa and perform good (5:93).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3050

5.11 Narrated Abu Bakr As-Siddiq:

“O you people! You recite this Ayah: Take care of yourselves! If you follow the guidance no harm shall come to you from those who are astray (5:105). I indeed heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: ‘When the people see the wrongdoer, and they do not stop him (from doing wrong), then it is soon that Allah shall envelope you in a punishment from Him.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3057

5.12 Narrated Abu Hurairah:

“‘Eisa was taught his argument, Allah taught him regarding His saying: And when Allah will say: ‘O ‘Eisa, son of Mariam! Did you say unto men ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?'” Abu Hurairah narrated from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): “So Allah taught him: ‘Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say) (5:116).’ The entire Ayah.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3062

5.13 Narrated Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas:

I asked: Messenger of Allah! tell me if someone enters my house and extends his hands to kill me (what should I do?) The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: Be like the two sons of Adam. The narrator Yazid (ibn Khalid) then recited the verse: “If thou dost stretch they hand against me to slay me.” [5:28]

Sunan Abi Dawud 4257

5.14 Kulthum ibn Jabir said,

“Ibn az-Zubayr addressed us and said, ‘People of Makka, I have heard that there are men of Quraysh who play a game called backgammon. It is done with the left hand. Allah says, ‘Wine and gambling.’ (5:
90) I swear by Allah that if anyone who plays it is brought before me, I will punish him in his hair and skin, and I will give his booty to the one who brings him to me.”

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1275

5.15 Narrated ‘Aishah (RA)

regarding the saying of Allah the Most High:
“Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths (5:89).” She said: It (was sent down about such phrases as) a person’s sayying: ‘No, by Allah’ and ‘Yes, by Allah.’ [al-Bukhari reported it (Mauquf, i.e. as a saying of ‘Aishah). Abu Dawud reported it as Marfu’ (attributed to the Prophet).]

Bulugh al-Maram 1381

5.16 Yahya related to me from Malik

from Thawr ibn Zayd ad-Dili that Abdullah ibn Abbas was asked about animals slaughtered by the Christian Arabs. He said, “There is no harm in them,” but he recited this ayat, “Whoever takes them as friends is from them.” (Sura 5 ayat 54).

Muwatta Malik Book 24, Hadith 5

5.17 Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

“All types of women were prohibited for the Messenger of ALlah (ﷺ) except for the believing women among those who emigrated. (Allah) said: ‘It is not lawful for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except those whom your right hand possesses (33:52). – And Allah made your believing girls lawful ‘And a believing woman if she offers herself to the Prophet (33:50)’ and He made every woman of a religion other than Islam unlawful.” Then He said: “And whoever disbelieves in faith then fruitless is his work; and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers (5:5).” And he said: “Verily We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom you have paid their due, and those whom your right hands possess – whom Allah has given you” up to His saying: “A privilege to only you, not for the (rest of) the believers (33:50).” He made the other types of women unlawful.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3215

5.18 Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

Once a Jew said to me, “O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of celebration.” ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, “Which is that verse?” The Jew replied, “This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (5:3) ‘Umar replied,”No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet (ﷺ) was standing at ‘Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)”

Sahih al-Bukhari 45

5.19 Narrated ‘Ikrimah:

from Ibn ‘Abbas: “A man came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! When I consume meat and I get around women, my desires get the best of me. So I made meat unlawful for myself.’ So Allah revealed: O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily Allah does not like the transgressors. And eat of the things which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good (5:87-88).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3054

5.20 Narrated Abu Al-Bukhtari:

from ‘Ali who said: “When (the following) was revealed: And Hajj to the House is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, for those who are able to undertake the journey (3:97). They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Every year?’ But he was silent. So they said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Every year?’ He said: ‘No. If I were to say yes, then it would be required.’ And Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He, revealed O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble (5:101).”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3055

5.21 Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah bepleased with him) reported:

“O you people! You recite this Verse: ‘O you who believe! Take care of your ownselves. If you follow the (right) guidance [and enjoin what is right (Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbid what is wrong (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden)] no hurt can come to you from those who are in error.’ (5:105) But I have heard Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: “When people see an oppressor but do not prevent him from (doing evil), it is likely that Allah will punish them all.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 1, Hadith 197

5.22 Ibn ‘Abbas (ra) said,

“A man from the tribe of Bani Sahm went out in the company of Tamim Ad-Dari and ‘Adi bin Badda’. The man of Bani Sahm died in a land where there was no Muslim. When Tamim and ‘Adi returned conveying the property of the deceased, they claimed that they had lost a silver bowl with gold engraving. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) made them take an oath (to confirm their claim), and then the bowl was found in Makkah with some people who claimed that they had bought it from Tamim and ‘Adu, Then two witnesses from the relatives of the deceased got up and swore that their witnesses were more valid than the witnesses of ‘Adi and Tamim, and that the bowl belonged to their deceased fellow. So, this verse was revealed in connection with this case ; ‘O you who believe! When death approached any of you …’,” (V 5:
106)

Sahih al-Bukhari 2780

5.23 Malik said,

“It is not halal to marry a christian or jewish slave-girl because Allah the Blessed, the Exalted, said in His Book, ‘Believing women who are muhsanat and women of those who were given the Book before you who are muhsanat’, (sura 5 ayat 6) and they are free women from the Christians and Jews. Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, said in His Book, ‘If you are not affluent enough to marry believing women who are muhsanat, take believing slave-girls whom your right hands own.’ ” (Sura 4 ayat 24)

Malik said, “In our opinion, Allah made marriage to believing slave-girls halal, and He did not make halal marriage to christian and jewish slave-girls from the People of the Book.”

Malik said, “The christian and jewish slave-girl are halal for their master by right of possession, but intercourse with a magian slave-girl is not halal by the right of possession.”

Muwatta Malik Book 28, Hadith 38

5.24 Yahya related to me from Malik

that he had heard that Abdullah ibn Abbas used to say, “The least difficult thing acceptable as a sacrificial animal is a sheep.”

Malik said, “That is what I like most out of what I have heard about the matter, because Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, says in His Book, ‘O you who trust, do not kill game while you are in ihram. Whoever of you kills it intentionally, there shall be repayment the like of what he has slain, from livestock, as shall be judged by two men of justice among you, a sacrificial animal which will reach the Kaba, or food for poor people, or the equivalent of that in fasting,’ (Sura 5 ayat 95) and a sheep is one of the animals which is judged to be acceptable as a sacrifice. Allah has called it a sacrificial animal, and there is no dispute among us about the matter. How, indeed, could anyone be in doubt about the matter? A sheep is the kaffara for anything which does not reach the extent of something for which a camel or a cow would be the kaffara, and the kaffara for something which does not reach the extent of something for which a sheep would be the kaffara is fasting, or feeding poor people.”

Muwatta Malik Book 20, Hadith 168

5.25 Narrated Abu ‘Ubaidah:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘When the Children of Isra’il fell into decline, a man among them would see his brother committing a sin, and prohibit them from it. The next day, what he saw him doing would not prevent him from eating with him, drinking with him, and associating with him. So Allah pitted their hearts against each other, and He revealed about them in the Qur’an, He said: Those among the Children of Isra’il who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dawud and ‘Eisa, son of Mariam. That was because they disobeyed and were ever transgressing.’ And he recited until he reached: ‘And had they believed in Allah, and in the Prophet, and in what has been revealed to him, never would they have taken them as friends; but many of them are rebellious (5:78-81).’ He said: “And Allah’s Prophet (ﷺ) was reclining, so he sat up and said: ‘No! Not until you take the hand of the wrong-doer and incline him toward the truth.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3048

5.26 Narrated ‘Amr bin Shurahbil [Abu Maisarah]:

from ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, that he said: “O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!” So (the Ayah) in Al-Baqarah was revealed: They ask you concerning Khamr and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin (2:219).” So ‘Umar was called, and it was recited to him, so he said: “O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!” So (the Ayah) in An-Nisa was revealed: ‘O you who believe! Approach not As-Salat while you are in a drunken state (4:43).’ So ‘Umar was called and it was recited him, so he said “O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr sufficiently clear for us!” So (the Ayah) in Al-Ma’idah was revealed: Shaitan only wants to excite enmity and hatred between you with Khamr and gambling…’ up to His saying: ‘So will you not then abstain (5:91).’ So ‘Umar was called and it was recited to him, so he said: ‘We abstained, we abstained.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3049

5.27 Narrated Abu Umayah Ash-Sha’bani:

“I went to Abu Tha’balah Al-Khushani and said to him: ‘How do you deal with this Ayah?’ He said: ‘Which Ayah?’ I said: ‘Allah’s saying: Take care of yourselves! If you follow the guidance no harm shall come to you (5:105).’ He said: ‘Well, by Allah! I asked one well-informed about it, I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about it. [So] he said: “Rather, comply with (and order) the good, and stay away from (and prohibit) the evil, until you see avarice obeyed, desires followed, and the world preferred, and everyone is amazed with his view. Then you should be worried about yourself in particular, and worry of the common folk. Ahead of you are the days in which patience is like holding onto an ember, for the doer (of righteous deeds) during them is the like of the reward of fifty of those who do the like of what you do.” ‘Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said: “It was added for me, by other than ‘Utbah, that it was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! The reward of fifty men among us, or them?’ He said: ‘No! Rather the reward of fifty men among you.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3058 

5.28 Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stood to deliver a Khutbah, he said: ‘O you people! You will be gathered before Allah naked and uncircumcised.’ Then he recited: ‘As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it…’ until the end of the Ayah (21:104). He said: ‘The first to be clothed on the Day of Resurrection is Ibrahim. Indeed some men from my Ummah will be brought and taken from the left side, so I will say: “My Lord! My followers!” It will be said: “Indeed you do not know what they innovated after you.’ So I shall say as the righteous slave said: ‘And I was a witness over them while I dwelt among them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them. If You punish them, they are your slaves, and if You forgive them…’ [until the end of] the Ayah (5:117 & 118) I shall be told: ‘These people have not ceased turning on their heels as apostates ever since you parted from them.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3167

5.29 ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

The Prophet (ﷺ) recited the Words of Allah, the Exalted, and the Glorious, about Ibrahim (ﷺ) who said: “O my Rubb! They have led astray many among mankind. But whosoever follows me, he verily, is of me”. (14:36) and those of ‘Isa (Jesus) (ﷺ) who said: “If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily, You, only You, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise”. (5:118). Then he (ﷺ) raised up his hands and said, “O Allah! My Ummah, my Ummah,” and wept; Allah, the Exalted, said: “O Jibril (Gabriel)! Go to Muhammad (ﷺ) and ask him: ‘What makes you weep?” So Jibril came to him and asked him (the reason of his weeping) and the Messenger of Allah informed him what he had said (though Allah knew it well). Upon this Allah said: “Jibril, go to Muhammad (ﷺ) and say: ‘Verily, We will please you with regard to your Ummah and will never displease you”.

Riyad as-Salihin Book 1, Hadith 425

5.30 Narrated Masruq:

“I was reclining in the presence of ‘Aishah when she said: ‘O Abu ‘Aishah! There are three things, whoever speaks of one of them, then he has uttered one of the worst lies against Allah. Whoever claims that Muhammad saw his Lord. Then he has uttered one the worst lies against Allah, Allah says: No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision, and He is the Most Subtle, Well-Acquainted with all things (6:103). It is not for any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation or from behind a veil (42:91).’ I was reclining so I sat up an said: ‘O Mother of the Believers! Take your time with me and do not be hasty with me! Did Allah Most High not say: And indeed he saw him at a second descent (53:13). (And) ‘And indeed he saw him in the clear horizon (81:23).’ She said ‘By Allah! I was the first who asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about this. He said: “That was only Jibril. I did not see him in the appearance he was created in except for these two times. I saw him descending from the heavens, and due to his tremendous size he filled what was between the heavens and the earth.” “And whoever claimed that Muhammad hid anything that Allah revealed to him, then he uttered one of the worst lies against Allah. Allah says: O Messenger! Proclaim what has been sent down to you from your Lord (5:67).” “And whoever claimed that he (ﷺ) knew what would be tomorrow, then he has uttered one of the worst lies against Allah. Allah says: Say: ‘None in the heavens and in the earth knows the unseen but Allah (27:65).'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3068

5.31 Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

from Tamim Ad-Dari, regarding this Ayah: O you who believe! When death approaches any of you then take the testimony (5:106). He said: “The people are innocent of it, other than myself and ‘Adi bin Badda.’ We were Christians who used to frequent Ash-Sham before Islam.” They went to Ash-Sham for their business, and they were approached by a freed slave of Banu Sahm, who was called Budail bin Abi Maryam, with some trade. He had a bowl they wanted made of silver, but he wanted a great deal for it. Then he became ill, and willed it to them, and he commissioned them to deliver what was left to his family. Tamim said: “When he died, we took that bowl and we sold it for one-thousand Dirham. Then ‘Adi bin Badda and I divided it. When we went to his family to give them what was with us, they searched for the bowl and asked about it. We said: ‘He did not leave behind other than this, nor did he give us other than this.'” Tamim said: “When I accepted Islam, after the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had arrived in Al-Madinah, I felt guilty about that, so I went to his family, and informed them about what had happened. I gave them fifty-thousand Dirham and told them my companion had the same. They took him to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) but he asked them for their proof, which they did not have, so he ordered them, to have him to take an oath in accordance with whatever the people of his religion revered, so he took the oath. Then Allah revealed: ‘O you who believe! When death approaches any of you then take the testimony…’ up to His saying: ‘Or else they would fear that oaths will be admitted after their oaths (5:106).'” So ‘Amr bin Al-‘As and another man stood to take an oath, and the fifty-thousand Dirham was taken from ‘Adi bin Badda.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3059

5.32 Malik said,

“Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, says, ‘O you who trust, do not kill game while you are in ihram. Whoever of you kills game intentionally has to pay a forfeit commensurate with what he has killed in cattle which two men from among you shall judge, a sacrificial animal which reaches the Kaba, or else he makes a kaffara of either feeding poor people or the equivalent of that in fasting, so that he may taste the consequences of what he has done.’ ” (Sura 5 ayat 95).

Malik said, “Someone who hunts game when he is not in ihram and then kills it while he is in ihram is in the same position as someone who buys game while he is in ihram and then kills it. Allah has forbidden killing it, and so a man who does so has to pay a forfeit for it. The position that we go by in this matter is that a forfeit is assessed for anyone who kills game while he is in ihram.”

Yahya said that Malik said, “The best that I have heard about someone who kills game and is assessed for it is that the game which he has killed is assessed and its value in food is estimated and with that food he feeds each poor man a mudd, or fasts a day in place of each mudd. The number of poor men is considered, and if it is ten then he fasts ten days, and if it is twenty he fasts twenty days, according to how many people there are to be fed, even if there are more than sixty.”

Malik said, “I have heard that a forfeit is assessed for someone who kills game in the Haram while he is not in ihram in the same way that it is assessed for some one who kills game in the Haram while he is in ihram .”

Muwatta Malik Book 20, Hadith 88

5.33 Yahya related to me from Malik

that Zurayq ibn Hakim informed him that he had a runaway slave who had stolen. He said, “The situation was obscure for me, so I wrote to Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz to ask him about it. He was the governor at that time. I informed him that I had heard that if a runaway slave stole while he was a fugitive, his hand was not cut off. ‘Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz wrote to contradict my letter, ‘You wrote to me that you have heard that when the runaway slave steals, his hand is not cut off. Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, says in His Book, ‘The thief, male and female, cut off the hands of both, as a recompense for what they have earned, and an exemplary punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise.’ (Sura 5 ayat 41) When his theft reaches a quarter of a dinar, and upwards, his hand is cut off.’ ”

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that al- Qasim ibn Muhammad and Salim ibn Abdullah and Urwa ibn az-Zubayr said, “When a runaway slave steals something for which cutting off the hand is obliged, his hand is cut off.”

Malik said, “The way of doing things amongst us about which there is no dispute is that when the runaway slave steals that for which cutting off the hand is obliged, his hand is cut off.”

Muwatta Malik Book 41, Hadith 27

5.34 Yahya related to me from Malik

that he had heard that Marwan ibn al-Hakam wrote to Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan to mention to him that a drunkard was brought to him who had killed a man. Muawiya wrote to him to kill him in retaliation for the dead man.

Yahya said that Malik said, “The best of what I have heard on the interpretation of this ayat, the word of Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, ‘The free man for the free man and the slave for the slave – these are men and the woman for the woman,’ (Sura 2 ayat 178) is that retaliation is between women as it is between men. The free woman is killed for the free woman as the free man is killed for the free man. The slave-girl is slain for the slave-girl as the slave is slain for the slave. Retaliation is between women as it is between men. That is because Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, said in His Book, ‘We have written for them in it that it is a life for a life and an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, and an ear for an ear, and a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds there is retaliation.’ (Sura 5 ayat 48) Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, mentioned that it is a life for a life. It is the life of a free woman for the life of a free man, and her injury for his injury.”

Malik said about a man who held a man fast for another man to hit, and he died on the spot, “If he held him and he thought that he meant to kill him, the two of them are both killed for him. If he held him and he thought that he meant to beat him as people sometimes do, and he did not think that he meant to kill him, the murderer is slain and the one who held him is punished with a very severe punishment and jailed for a year. There is no killing against him.”

Malik said about a man who murdered a man intentionally or gouged out his eye intentionally, and then was slain or had his eye gouged out himself before retaliation was inflicted on him, “There is no blood-money nor retaliation against him. The right of the one who was killed or had his eye gouged out goes when the thing which he is claiming as retaliation goes. It is the same with a man who murders another man intentionally and then the murderer dies. When the murderer dies, the one seeking blood-revenge has nothing of blood- money or anything else. That is by the word of Allah, the Blessed the Exalted, ‘Retaliation is written for you in killing. The free man for the free man and the slave for the slave.’ ”

Malik said, “He only has retaliation against the one who killed him. If the man who murdered him dies, he has no retaliation or blood-money.”

Malik said, “There is no retaliation held against a free man by a slave for any injury. The slave is killed for the free man when he intentionally murders him. The free man is not slain for the slave, even if he murders him intentionally. It is the best of what I have heard.”

Muwatta Malik Book 43, Hadith 15

5.35 Malik related to me

from Humayd ibn Qays al-Makki that a son of al-Mutawakkil had a mukatab who died at Makka and left (enough to pay) the rest of his kitaba and he owed some debts to people. He also left a daughter. The governor of Makka was not certain about how to judge in the case, so he wrote to Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan to ask him about it. Abd al-Malik wrote to him, “Begin with the debts owed to people, and then pay what remains of his kitaba. Then divide what remains of the property between the daughter and the master.”

Malik said, “What is done among us is that the master of a slave does not have to give his slave a kitaba if he asks for it. I have not heard of any of the Imams forcing a man to give a kitaba to his slave. I heard that one of the people of knowledge, when someone asked about that and mentioned that Allah the Blessed, the Exalted, said, ‘Give them their kitaba, if you know some good in them’ (Sura 24 ayat 33) recited these two ayats, ‘When you are free of the state of ihram, then hunt for game.’ (Sura 5 ayat 3) ‘When the prayer is finished, scatter in the land and seek Allah’s favour.’ ” (Sura 62 ayat 10)

Malik commented, “It is a way of doing things for which Allah, the Mighty, the Majestic, has given permission to people, and it is not obligatory for them.” Malik said, “I heard one of the people of knowledge say about the word of Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, ‘Give them of the wealth which Allah has given you,’ that it meant that a man give his slave a kitaba and then reduce the end of his kitaba for him by some specific amount.”

Malik said, “This is what I have heard from the people of knowledge and what I see people doing here.”

Malik said, “I have heard that Abdullah ibn Umar gave one of his slaves his kitaba for 35,000 dirhams, and then reduced the end of his kitaba by 5,000 dirhams.”

Malik said, “What is done among us is that when a master gives a mukatab his kitaba, the mukatab’s property goes with him but his children do not go with him unless he stipulates that in his kitaba.”

Yahya said, “I heard Malik say that if a mukatab whose master had given him a kitaba had a slave- girl who was pregnant by him, and neither he nor his master knew that on the day he was given his kitaba, the child did not follow him because he was not included in the kitaba. He belonged to the master. As for the slave-girl, she belonged to the mukatab because she was his property.”

Malik said that if a man and his wife’s son (by another husband) inherited a mukatab from the wife and the mukatab died before he had completed his kitaba, they divided his inheritance between them according to the Book of Allah. If the slave paid his kitaba and then died, his inheritance went to the son of the woman, and the husband had nothing of his inheritance.

Malik said that if a mukatab gave his own slave a kitaba, the situation was looked at. If he wanted to do his slave a favour and it was obvious by his making it easy for him, that was not permitted. If he was giving him a kitaba from desire to find money to pay off his own kitaba, that was permitted for him.

Malik said that if a man had intercourse with a mukataba of his and she became pregnant by him, she had an option. If she liked she could be an umm walad. If she wished, she could confirm her kitaba. If she did not conceive, she still had her kitaba.

Malik said, “The generally agreed on way of doing things among us about a slave who is owned by two men is that one of them does not give a kitaba for his share, whether or not his companion gives him permission to do so, unless they both write the kitaba together, because that alone would effect setting him free. If the slave were to fulfil what he had agreed on to free half of himself, and then the one who had given a kitaba for half of him was not obliged to complete his setting free, that would be in opposition to the words of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. ‘If someone frees his share in a slave and has enough money to cover the full price of the slave, justly evaluated for him, he must give his partners their shares, so the slave is completely free . ‘ ”

Malik said, “If he is not aware of that until the mukatab has met the terms or before he has met them the owner who has written him the kitaba returns what he has taken from the mukatab to him, and then he and his partner divide him according to their original shares and the kitaba is invalid. He is the slave of both of them in his original state.”

Malik spoke about a mukatab who was owned by two men and one of them granted him a delay in the payment of the right which he was owed, and the other refused to defer it, and so the one who refused to defer the payment exacted his part of the due. Malik said that if the mukatab then died and left property which did not complete his kitaba, “They divide it according to what they are still owed by him. Each of them takes according to his share. If the mukatab leaves more than his kitaba, each of them takes what remains to them of the kitaba, and what remains after that is divided equally between them. If the mukatab is unable to pay his kitaba fully and the one who did not allow him to defer his payment has exacted more than his associate did, the slave is still divided equally between them, and he does not return to his associates the excess of what he has exacted, because he only exacted his right with the permission of his associate. If one of them remits what is owed to him and then his associate exacts part of what he is owed by him and then the mukatab is unable to pay, he belongs to both of them. And the one who has exacted something does not return anything because he only demanded what he was owed. That is like the debt of two men in one writing against one man. One of them grants him time to pay and the other is greedy and exacts his due. Then the debtor goes bankrupt. The one who exacted his due does not have to return any of what he took.”

Muwatta Malik Book 39, Hadith 3

5.36 Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported:

We were on an expedition with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and we had no women with us. We said: Should we not have ourselves castrated? He (the Holy Prophet) forbade us to do so He then granted us permission that we should contract temporary marriage for a stipulated period giving her a garment, and ‘Abdullah then recited this verse: ‘Those who believe do not make unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you, and do not transgress. Allah does not like trangressers” (al-Qur’an, v. 87).

Sahih Muslim 1404 a

5.37 Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib reported:

There happened to pass by Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) a Jew blackened and lashed. Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) called them (the Jews) and said: Is this the punishment that you find in your Book (Torah) as a prescribed punishment for adultery? They said: Yes. He (the Holy Prophet) called one of the scholars amongst them and said: I ask you in the name of Allah Who sent down the Torah on Moses if that is the prescribed punishment for adultery that you find in your Book. He said: No. Had you not asked me in the name of Allah, I would not have given you this information. We find stoning to death (as punishment prescribed in the Torah). But this (crime) became quite common amongst our aristocratic class. So when we caught hold of any rich person (indulging in this offence) we spared him, but when we caught hold of a helpless person we imposed the prescribed punishment upon him. We then said: Let us argree (on a punishment) which we can inflict both upon the rich and the poor. So We decided to blacken the face with coal and flog as a substitute punishment for stoning. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: O Allah, I am the first to revive Thy command when they had made it dead. He then commanded and he (the offender) was stoned to death. Allah, the Majestic and Glorious, sent down (this verse):” O Messenger, (the behaviour of) those who vie with one another in denying the truth should not grieve you…” up to” is vouchsafed unto you, accept it” (v. 41) 2176 It was said (by the Jews): Go to Muhammad; it he commands you to blacken the face and award flogging (as punishment for adultery), then accept it, but it he gives verdict for stoning, then avoid it. It was (then) that Allah, the Majestic and Great, sent down (these verses):” And they who do not judge in accordance with what Allah has revealed are, indeed, deniers of the truth” (v. 44) ;” And they who do not judge in accordance with what Allah has revealed-they, they indeed are the wrongdoers” (v. 45) ;” And they who do not judge in accordance with what God has revealed-they are the iniquitous (v. 47). (All these verses) were revealed in connection with the non-believers.

Sahih Muslim 1700 a

5.38 Marwan b. a-hakkam said:

Zaid b. Thabit asked me: Why do you recite short surahs in the sunset prayer? I saw the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) reciting two long surahs at the sunset prayers. I asked him: which are those two long surahs? He replied: Al-A’raf(surah vii) and al-an’am(surah vi). I ( the narrator Ibn Juraij) asked Ibn Mulaikah (about these surahs): He said on his own accord: Al-ma’idah (surah v.) and al-A’raf(furah vii.)

Sunan Abi Dawud 812

5.39 Anas b. Malik reported:

I was the cup-bearer of some people in the house of Abu Talha on the day when liquor was forbidden. Their liquor had been prepared from dry dates or fresh dates when the announcer made the announcement. He (Abu Talha) said to me: Go out and find out (what the announcement is). I got out (and found) an announcer making this announcement: Behold, liquor has been declared unlawful. He said: The liquor (was spilt and) flawed in the lanes of Medina. Abu Talha said to me: Go out and Spill it, and I spilt it. They said or some of them said: Such and such were killed, such and such were killed for (the wine) had been in their stomachs. He (the narrator) said. I do not know whether it is the narration transmitted by Anas, (or by someone else). Then Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, revealed:” There shall be no sin (imputed) unto those who have believed and done good works for what they may have eaten as long as they fear (Allah) and believe and do good works” (v. 93).

Sahih Muslim 1980 a

5.40 Anas b. Malik reported

that something was conveyed to him (the Holy prophet) about his Companions, so he addressed them and said:

Paradise and Hell were presented to me and I have never seen the good and evil as (I did) today. And if you were to know you would have wept more and laughed less. He (the narrator) said: There was nothing more burdensome for the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) than this. They covered their heads and the sound of weeping was heard from them. Then there stood up ‘Umar and he said: We are well pleased with Allah as our Lord, with Islam as our code of life and with Muhammad as our Apostle, and it was at that time that a person stood up and he said: Who is my father? Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Your father is so and so; and there was revealed the verse:” O you who believe, do not ask about matters which, if they were to be made manifest to you (in terms of law), might cause to you harm” (v. 101).
Sahih Muslim 2359 a

5.41 Ibn Abbas reported

that he heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) deliver an address and he was saying that they would meet Allah barefooted, naked and uncircumcised. (Sahih Muslim 2860 a)

This hadith has been narrated through other chains of transmitters on the authority of Ibn Abbas, (and) the words are:

While Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stood up to deliver a sermon, he said: 0 people, Allah would make you assemble barefooted, naked and uncircumcised (and then recited the words of the Qur’an):” As We created you for the first time, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise (binding) upon us. Lo! We are to perform it, and the first person who would be clothed on the Day of Resurrection would be (Hadrat) Ibrahim (peace be upon him)” and, behold! some persons of my Ummah would be brought and taken to the left and I would say: My Lord, they are my companions, and it would be said: You do not know what they did after you, and I would say just as the pious servant (Hadrat ‘Isa) said:, I was a witness regarding them as I remained among them and Thou art a witness over everything, so if Thou chastisest them, they are Thy servants and if Thou for- givest them, Thou art Mighty, Wise” (v. 117-118). And it would be said to him: They constantly turned to their heels since you left them. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Waki’ and Mu’adh (and the words are):” What new things they fabricated.”

Sahih Muslim 2860 b

5.42 Mus’ab b. Sa’d reported

on the authority of his father that many verses of the Qur’an had been revealed in connection with him. His mother Umm Sa’d had taken oath that she would never talk with him until he abandoned his faith and she neither ate nor drank and said:

Allah has commanded you to treat well your parents and I am your mother and I command you to do this. She passed three days in this state until she fainted because of extreme hunger and at that time her son whose name was Umara stood up and served her drink and she began to curse Sa’d that Allah, the Exalted and Glorions, revealed these verses of the Holy Qur’an:” And We have enjoined upon a person goodness to his parents but if they contend with thee to associate (others) with Me of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not” (xxix. 8) ; Treat thein with customary good in this world” (xxxi. 15). He also reported that there fell to the lot of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) huge spoils of war and there was one sword in them. I picked that up and came to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and said: Bestow this sword upon me (as my share in the spoils of war) and you know my state. Thereupon he said: Return it to the place from where you picked it up. I went back until I decided to throw it in a store but my soul repulsed me so I came back and asked him to give that sword to me. He said in a loud voice to return it to the place from where I had picked it up. It was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:” They asked about the spoils of war” (viii. 1). He further said: I once fell ill and sent a message to Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ). He visited me and I said to him: Permit me to distribute (in charity) my property as much as I like. He did not agree. I said: (Permit me to distribute) half of it. He did not agree. I said: (Permit me to distribute) the third part, whereupon he kept quiet and it was after this (that the distribution of one’s property in charity) to the extent of one-third was held valid. He further said: I came to a group of persons of the Ansir and Muhajirin and they said: Come, so that we may serve you wine, and it was before the use of wine had been prohibited. I went to them in a garden and there had been with them the roasted head of a camel and a small water-skin containing wine. I ate and drank along with them and there came under discussion the Ansr (Helpers) and Muhajirin (immigrants). I said: The immigrants are better than the Ansar, that a person picked up a portion of the head (of the camel and struck me with it that my nose was injured. I came to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and informed him of the situation that Aliah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed verses pertaining to wine:” Intoxicants and the games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (divining by) arrows are only an uncleanliness, the devil’s work” (v. 90).

Sahih Muslim 1748 c

5.43 Narrated ‘Ammar bin Yasir:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘The Ma’idah was sent down from the Heavens with bread and meat. And they were commanded to not be deceitful with it and hide it for tomorrow. So they were deceitful with it and they hid it, so it was raised up in the morning. Then they were transformed into monkeys and pigs.'”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3061

5.44 Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The first son of Adam* takes a share of the guilt of every one who murders another wrongfully because he was the initiator of committing murder”.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

* The son of Adam in the Hadith is said to be Qabil. Allah tells us about his story in Surat Al-Ma’idah (The Table spread with Food). Verses 27-31.

Riyad as-Salihin Book 1, Hadith 172

5.45 Narrated Abu Al-Waddak:

That Abu Sa’eed said: “We had some wine that belonged to an orphan. When Al-Ma’idah was revealed I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about it, I said: ‘It belongs to an orphan.’ He said: ‘Spill it out.'”

[He said:] There is something on this topic from Anas bin Malik.

[Abu ‘Eisa said:] The Hadith of Abu Sa’eed is a Hasan [Sahih] Hadith. Similar to this has been reported through other routes from the Prophet (ﷺ). Some of the people of knowledge stated according to this, they dislike the usage of wine for making vinegar. And the only thing that they disliked about it, and Allah knows best, is for a Muslim to have wine in his house until it becomes vinegar. Abu Al-Waddak’s name is Jabr bin Nawf.

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1263

5.46 It was narrated from Dawud hin Al-Husain,

from ‘Ikrimah, from Ibn ‘Abbas, that the Verses in AL-Ma’idah, in which Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, says:
“Either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from then up to: those who act justly.”[1] – were revealed concerning the matter of blood money between An-Nadir and Quraizah. That was because the slain of An-Nadir were of noble status, so the blood money would be paid in full for them, but for Banu Quraizah only half of the blood money would be paid. They referred the matter to the Messenger of Allah for judgment, then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed that concerning them, so the Messenger of Allah told them to do the right thing and he made the blood money equal.

Sunan an-Nasa’i 4733

5.47 Narrated Hudhayfah:

Hudhayfah saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) praying at night. He said: Allah is most great” three times, “Possessor of kingdom, grandeur, greatness and majesty.”

He then began (his prayer) and recited Surah al-Baqarah; then he bowed and he paused in bowing as long as he stood up; he said while bowing, “Glory be to my mighty Lord,” “Glory be to my mighty Lord” ; then he raised his head, after bowing: then he stood up and he paused as long as he paused in bowing and said, “Praise be to my Lord” ; then he prostrated and paused in prostration as long as he paused in the standing position; he said while prostrating: “Glory be to my most high Lord”; then he raised his head after prostration, and sat as long as he prostrated, and said while sitting: “O my Lord forgive me.”

He offered four rak’ahs of prayer and recited in them Surah al-Baqarah, Aal Imran, an-Nisa, al-Ma’idah, or al-An’am. The narrator Shu’bah doubted.

Sunan Abi Dawud 874

5.48 Ibn Kathir related about

والله يعصمك من الناس

And Allah will protect you from the people (5:67)

Before this Ayah was revealed, the Prophet was being guarded, as Imam Ahmad recorded that; Aishah said that the Prophet was vigilant one night when she was next to him; she asked him, “What is the matter, O Allah’s Messenger?” He said, ” Would that a pious man from my companions guard me tonight!” She said, “Suddenly we heard the clatter of arms. The Prophet said, “Who is that?” He (the new comer) replied, “I am Sa`d bin Malik (Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas).” The Prophet asked, “What brought you here?” He said, “I have come to guard you, Allah’s O Messenger.” Aishah said, “So, the Prophet slept (that night) and I heard the noise of sleep coming from him.” This Hadith is recorded in Two Sahihs.

Another narration for this Hadith reads, “The Messenger of Allah was vigilant one night, after he came to Al-Madinah…”, meaning, after the Hijrah and after the Prophet consummated his marriage to Aishah in the second year of Hijrah. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Aishah said, “The Prophet was being guarded until this Ayah, “Allah will protect you from mankind” was revealed.” She added; “The Prophet raised his head from the room and said; “O people! Go away, for Allah will protect me.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

5.49 Ibn Kathir related about

كانوا لا يتناهون عن منكر فعلوه

They used not to prevent one another from wrongdoing that they did (5:79)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman said that the Prophet said, “By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah will send a punishment on you from Him. Then, you will supplicate to Him, but He will not accept your supplication.”

Muslim recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said, “He among you who witnesses an evil, let him change it with his hand, if he cannot do that, then by his tongue, if he cannot do even that, then with his heart, and this is the weakest faith.

Abu Dawud said that Al-Urs, (meaning Ibn Amirah), said that the Prophet said, “When sin is committed on the earth, then whoever witnesses it and hates – (once he said): forbids it, will be like those who did not witness it. Whoever was absent from it, but agreed with it, will be like those who witness it.”

Abu Dawud recorded that one of the Companions said that the Prophet said, “The people will not perish until they do not leave -or- have any excuse for themselves.”

Ibn Majah recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah gave a speech once and said, “Behold! Fear from people should not prevent one from saying the truth if he knows it.” Abu Sa`id then cried and said, “By Allah! We have seen some errors, but we feared (the people).”

Another Hadith that Abu Sa`id narrated states that the Messenger of Allah said, “The best Jihad is a word of truth proclaimed before an unjust ruler.” Recorded by Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

5.50 Ibn Kathir related about

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إنما الخمر والميسر والأنصاب والأزلام رجس من عمل الشيطان فاجتنبوه لعلكم تفلحون

O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.

إنما يريد الشيطان أن يوقع بينكم العداوة والبغضاء في الخمر والميسر ويصدكم عن ذكر الله وعن الصلاة فهل أنتم منتهون

Satan only wants to cause between you animosity and hatred through intoxicants and gambling and to avert you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not desist? (5:90-91)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said, “Ten matters related to Khamr were cursed. Khamr itself was cursed, whoever drinks it, its server, seller, buyer, brewer, who asks for it to be brewed, whoever carries it, whomever it is carried to and whoever consumes its price.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

5.51 Al-Wahidi recorded about

إنما وليكم الله ورسوله والذين آمنوا الذين يقيمون الصلاة ويؤتون الزكاة وهم راكعون

Your ally is none but Allah and [therefore] His Messenger and those who have believed – those who establish prayer and give zakah, and they bow [in worship] (5:55)

Said Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah: “‘Abd Allah ibn Sallam went to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, some people from Banu Qurayzah and Banu’l-Nadir have deserted us and swore not to keep our company. And we cannot keep the company of your Companions due to the distance separating us’. He then complained about the bad treatment he received from the Jews, and so this verse was revealed.

When the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, read to him, he said: ‘We accept Allah, His Messenger and the believers as guardians’ ”. Al-Kalbi related something close to this and added that the end of the verse was revealed about ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, for he gave his ring to a beggar while he was bowing during prayer. Abu Bakr al-Tamimi informed us> ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ja‘far> al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Hurayrah> ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab> Muhammad ibn al-Aswad> Muhammad ibn Marwan> Muhammad ibn al-Sa’ib> Abu Salih> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “Accompanied by a group of believers from amongst his people, ‘Abd Allah ibn Salam came to see the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, our houses are very far and we have no assembly or a place in which we can gather for chatting. When our people saw that we believed in Allah and His Messenger and confirmed his call, they eschewed us and vowed never to keep our company, speak with us or marry from or into us. This has proved too hard for us’.

The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, replied: ‘(Your guardian can be only Allah; and His messenger and those who believe)’, up to the end of the verse. Then the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, went out to the mosque. Some people were standing in prayer while others were bowing. He saw a beggar in the mosque and he asked him: ‘Did you get something from anyone?’ The beggar replied: ‘Yes, I got a ring of gold’. The Prophet asked him: ‘Who gave it to you?’ The beggar said: ‘That person who is standing in prayer’, and he pointed to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. The Prophet asked him again: ‘In which position did he give it to you?’ The beggar said: ‘He gave it to me while bowing in prayer’. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said ‘Allah is the greatest!’ and then recited

ومن يتول الله ورسوله والذين آمنوا فإن حزب الله هم الغالبون

And whoso taketh Allah and His messenger and those who believe for guardian (will know that), lo! the party of Allah, they are the victorious (5:56)

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

5.52 Al-Wahidi recorded about

قل لا يستوي الخبيث والطيب ولو أعجبك كثرة الخبيث فاتقوا الله يا أولي الألباب لعلكم تفلحون

Say, “Not equal are the evil and the good, although the abundance of evil might impress you.” So fear Allah , O you of understanding, that you may be successful (5:100)

Al-Hakim Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Shadhyakhi informed us> al-Hakim Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad ibn ‘Ubayd Allah al-Bayyi‘> Muhammad ibn al-Qasim al-Mu’addib> Muhammad ibn Ya‘qub al-Razi> Idris ibn ‘Ali al-Razi> Yahya ibn al-Durays> Sufyan> Muhammad ibn Suqah> Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir> Jabir who reported that the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: “Allah, glorious and majestic is He, has made unlawful for you the worship of idols, the consumption of intoxicants and the slandering of lineages. Indeed, cursed is the one who drinks wine, and cursed is the one who presses the grapes from which it is made, cursed is the one who serves it and cursed is the one who uses the money gotten from selling it”.

A Bedouin stood up and said: “O Messenger of Allah, trading in wine used to be my job and I made some money from it, will that money be of any benefit to me if I used it in Allah’s obedience?” The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, answered him: “It would not benefit you a bit if you were to spend it on pilgrimage, Jihad or charity, for Allah does not accept except that which is wholesome”. Confirming the words of His Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace, Allah, exalted is He, revealed (Say: The evil and the good are not alike even though the plenty of the evil attract thee).

(Asbab Al-Nuzul)

5.53 Imam Abs bin Hameed in his Musnad narrated from Hazrat Ibn Abbas that

The Messenger of Allah read Surah Al-Maidah and Surah At-Tawbah in his Khutba (Sermon).

(Dur al-Manthur)

5.54 Duas

رب إني لا أملك إلا نفسي وأخي فافرق بيننا وبين القوم الفاسقين

My Lord, indeed I do not possess except myself and my brother, so part us from the defiantly disobedient people (5:25)

ربنا آمنا فاكتبنا مع الشاهدين

Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses (5:83)

 ونطمع أن يدخلنا ربنا مع القوم الصالحين

And we aspire that our Lord will admit us [to Paradise] with the righteous people (5:84)

اللهم ربنا أنزل علينا مائدة من السماء تكون لنا عيدا لأولنا وآخرنا وآية منك وارزقنا وأنت خير الرازقين

O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers (5:114)

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