Benefits and virtues of Zuhr prayer

zuhr-salat-rewards

[Fajr | Zuhr | Asr | Maghrib | Isha]

1. Quran

وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَعَشِيًّا وَحِينَ تُظْهِرُونَ

And to Him is [due all] praise throughout the heavens and the earth. And [exalted is He] at night and when you are at noon. (Ar-Rum 30:18)

أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَىٰ غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur’an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed. (Al-Isra 17:78)

فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا ۖ وَمِنْ آنَاءِ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْ وَأَطْرَافَ النَّهَارِ لَعَلَّكَ تَرْضَىٰ

So bear patiently (O Muhammad ﷺ) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you. (Taha 20:130)

وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ ۚ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ذِكْرَىٰ لِلذَّاكِرِينَ

Establish prayer at both ends of the day [dawn (Fajr) and afternoon (Zuhr/Asr)] and in the early part of the night (Maghrib/Isha). Surely good deeds wipe out evil deeds. That is a reminder for the mindful. (Hud 11:114)

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْهُ وَأَدْبَارَ السُّجُودِ

Proclaim His praise in the night and at the end of every prayer. (Qaf 50:40)

2. Hadith

2.1 Umm Habibah (رضي الله عنها) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)
said,

‏من حافظ على أربع ركعات قبل الظهر وأربع بعدها، حرمه الله على النار

“Whoever observes the practice of performing four Rak’ah before Zuhr prayer and four after the Zuhr prayer, Allah will shield him against the Fire (of Hell).”

(Riyad as-Salihin 1116)

2.2 ‘Abdullah bin As-Sa’ib (رضي الله عنه) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to perform four Rak’ah prayer after the declining of the sun before Zuhr prayer and would say,

إنها ساعة تفتح فيها أبواب السماء، فأحب أن يصعد لي فيها عمل صالح‏

“This is an hour at which the gates of heaven are opened, and I like that my good deeds should rise to heaven at that time.”

(Riyad as-Salihin 1117)

2.3 It was narrated from Aishah (رضي الله عنها) that: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ ثَابَرَ عَلَى اثْنَتَىْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً بَنَى اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ

“Whoever persists in praying twelve rak’ahs each day and night, Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, will build for him a house in Paradise: Four before Zuhr and two after Zuhr, two rak’ahs after Maghrib, two rak’ahs after Isha’ and two rak’ahs of Fajr.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 1795)

2.4 Aishah (رضي الله عنها) narrated:

مَا رَأَيْتُ أَحَدًا كَانَ أَشَدَّ تَعْجِيلاً لِلظُّهْرِ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلاَ مِنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَلاَ مِنْ عُمَرَ

“I have not seen anyone who hastened Zuhr more than Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) nor Abu Bakr, nor Umar (رضی الله عنهم).”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 155)

2.5 Narrated ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها):

أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏- كَانَ لَا يَدَعُ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ اَلظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ اَلْغَدَاةِ

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) never left four Rak’at before the Zuhr prayer, and two Rak’at before the Fajr prayer.

(Bulugh al-Maram Book 2, Hadith 257)

2.6 Narrated Abu Huraira and `Abdullah bin `Umar (رضی الله عنهم): Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

إِذَا اشْتَدَّ الْحَرُّ فَأَبْرِدُوا عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ، فَإِنَّ شِدَّةَ الْحَرِّ مِنْ فَيْحِ جَهَنَّمَ

“If it is very hot, then pray the Zuhr prayer when it becomes (a bit) cooler, as the severity of the heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 533, 534)

2.7 Narrated `Abdullah bin Abi Qatada : My father (رضی الله عنهم) said,

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُطَوِّلُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الأُولَى مِنْ صَلاَةِ الظُّهْرِ، وَيُقَصِّرُ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ، وَيَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ فِي صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ

“The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to prolong the first rak`a of the Zuhr prayer and shorten the second one and used to do the same in the Fajr prayer.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 779)

2.8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Da’ud ibn al-Husayn that Ibn Yarbu al-Makhzumi said, “I heard Zayd ibn Thabit (رضی الله عنهم) say,

الصَّلاَةُ الْوُسْطَى صَلاَةُ الظُّهْرِ

‘The middle prayer* is the prayer of Dhuhr’. “

*Quran

﴾ حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلَاةِ الْوُسْطَىٰ وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ ﴿

Maintain with care the [obligatory] prayers and [in particular] the middle prayer and stand before Allah, devoutly obedient. (Al-Baqarah, 2:238)

(Muwatta Malik Book 8, Hadith 28)

2.9 Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها) narrated:

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَشَدَّ تَعْجِيلاً لِلظُّهْرِ مِنْكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ أَشَدُّ تَعْجِيلاً لِلْعَصْرِ مِنْهُ

“Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would hasten Zuhr more than you (people), while you (people) hasten Asr more than him.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 161)

2.10 Al-Bara bin Azib (رضی الله عنه) said:

صَحِبْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ سَفَرًا فَمَا رَأَيْتُهُ تَرَكَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ إِذَا زَاغَتِ الشَّمْسُ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ

“I accompanied the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) on eighteen journeys, and I did not see him leave the two Rak’ah when the sun waned before Zuhr.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 550)

2.11 ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) reported:

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان لا يدع أربعًا قبل الظهر‏

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) never omitted four Rak’ah supererogatory prayer before Zuhr prayers.

(Riyad as-Salihin 1114)

2.12 It was narrated that Al-Bara’ (رضی الله عنه) said:

كُنَّا نُصَلِّي خَلْفَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الظُّهْرَ فَنَسْمَعُ مِنْهُ الآيَةَ بَعْدَ الآيَاتِ مِنْ سُورَةِ لُقْمَانَ وَالذَّارِيَاتِ

“We used to pray Zuhr behind the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and we heard some of the verses from Surah Luqman and Adh-Dhariyat from him.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 971)

2.13 It was narrated that Jabir bin Samurah (رضی الله عنه) said:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ فِي الظُّهْرِ ‏﴿‏ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى ‏﴾‏ وَفِي الْعَصْرِ نَحْوَ ذَلِكَ وَفِي الصُّبْحِ بِأَطْوَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ

“The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to recite ‘By the night as it envelops’ (Al-Layl 92) in Zuhr and something similar in ‘Asr, and he would recite something longer than that in Subh.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 980)

2.14 It was narrated that Humaid bin Abdur-Rahman (رضی الله عنه) said:

مَنْ فَاتَهُ وِرْدُهُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَلْيَقْرَأْهُ فِي صَلاَةٍ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ فَإِنَّهَا تَعْدِلُ صَلاَةَ اللَّيْلِ

“Whoever misses his Wird at night, let him recite it during prayer before Zuhr, and that will be equivalent to night prayers.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 1793)

2.15 It was narrated that Umm Habibah bint Abi Sufyan (رضی الله عنهم) said:

مَنْ صَلَّى ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً فِي يَوْمٍ فَصَلَّى قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ

“Whoever prays twelve rak’ahs in a day and prays before Zuhr, Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) will build for him a house in Paradise.”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 1800)

2.16 Aishah (رضي الله عنها) narrated:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا لَمْ يُصَلِّ أَرْبَعًا قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ صَلاَّهُنَّ بَعْدَهُ

“When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would not perform the four Rak’ah before Az-Zuhr he would pray them after it.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 426)

2.17 Jabir bin Samurah (رضی الله عنه) narrated:

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ بِالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْبُرُوجِ وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ وَشِبْهِهِمَا

“For Zuhr and Asr, Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would recite: ‘By the heavens, holding the Buruj’ (Al-Buruj 85) and ‘By the heavens and At-Tariq’ (At-Tariq 86) and similar to them.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 307)

2.18 Hazrat Umar (رضی الله عنه) narrated that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“The four rak’ahs before Zuhr are equal (in reward) to the four rak’ahs of Tahajjud.”

(Tabrani)

2.19 It is reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Whoever leaves the four rak’ahs of Sunnah before Zuhr will not avail my Shafa’ah (intercession).”

(Durr-ul-Mukhtar)

2.20 It is reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“People keep on sinning but when they offer the morning prayer it washes them. Then they keep on sinning but when they offer the Zuhr prayer it washes them. Then they sin again but when they offer the Asr prayer it washes them. Then they keep on sinning and when they offer Maghrib prayers it washes them. Then they keep on sinning and when you offer Isha prayers it washes them. Then they fall asleep and their sins are not written till they awake.”

(Mu’jam as-Saghir 1/91, 121)

2.20 It is reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“There are three things in this world for which people would fight with one another if they come to know their rewards. These are: To call out the Azaan; to go to the Masjid for Zuhr in the scorching heat of the sun; and to be in the first line while in Salaat with Jamaat .”

(Fazail-e-Namaz p58)

2.21 Hadhrat Ibn Mas’ood (رضی الله عنه) narrates that he heard the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) saying:

“At the approach of the hour of a Salaat, an Angel is deputed to proclaim, ‘Arise, O Children of Adam (عليه السلام)! and extinguish the fire that you have (by committing sins) kindled to burn yourselves. So the people rise up, perform Wudhu and offer their Zuhr prayer. This causes forgiveness of their sins committed since day-break. The same is repeated at Asr, Maghrib and Ishaa. After Ishaa people go to bed, but there are some who busy themselves in good, while some others in evil deeds.”

(Mu’jam al-Kabir and At-Targhib wat-Tarhib)

3. ‘Ulama

3.1 Safeeri (رحمه الله‎) writes

“The Angels address a person who misses Fajr as ‘O you wrongdoer’, and one who neglects Zuhr as ‘O you loser’, and one who ignores Asr as ‘O you transgressor’, and one who omits Maghrib as ‘O you kaafir’, and one who does not say Ishaa as ‘O you violator of Allah’s commandments.”

(Fazail-e-Namaz p46, Al-Kandhlawi)

3.2 Hazrat Shah Maghsoud (رحمه الله‎) writes

“The sunset prayer is the sowing of a seed, the night prayer is the growing of its roots in darkness and concealment, the morning prayer is the emergence of the first bud from the ground, the noon prayer is the growth of its branches and leaves, the afternoon prayer yields the fruit of the tree of devotion and it is said that he whoever neglects his afternoon prayer, has brought injustice upon himself and his kin.”

(Al-Salat, the reality of Prayer in Islam, p20)

3.3 Muhammad Ala-ud-Din Haskafi (رحمه الله‎) writes

“The rank of the first (four) Sunnahs of Zuhr is after the (two) Sunnahs of Fajr”

(Durr-ul-Mukhtar)

3.4 Muhammad Zakariyya al-Kandhlawi (رحمه الله‎) commenting on Ahadith about reward of salaat with Jamaat being 25 to 27 times* more over that offered individually writes:

“In Sirri (quiet) salaat (i.e., Zuhr and Asr), it is twenty-five times, while in Jahri (loud) salaat (i.e., Fajr, Maghrib and Ishaa), it is twenty-seven times.”

*HadithNarrated `Abdullah bin `Umar (رضي الله عنه): Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

صَلاَةُ الْجَمَاعَةِ تَفْضُلُ صَلاَةَ الْفَذِّ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً

“The prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 645)

Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

صَلاَةُ الْجَمَاعَةِ تَفْضُلُ صَلاَةَ الْفَذِّ بِخَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً

“The prayer in congregation is twenty five times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 646)

(Fazail-e-Namaz p52)

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