Benefits and virtues of Maghrib prayer

maghrib-salat-rewards

[Fajr | Zuhr | Asr | Maghrib | Isha]

1. Quran

وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ ۚ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ذِكْرَىٰ لِلذَّاكِرِينَ

Establish prayer at both ends of the day [dawn (Fajr) and afternoon (Zuhr/Asr)] and in the early part of the night (Maghrib/Isha). Surely good deeds wipe out evil deeds. That is a reminder for the mindful. (Hud 11:114)

أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَىٰ غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur’an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed. (Al-Isra 17:78)

فَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ حِينَ تُمْسُونَ وَحِينَ تُصْبِحُونَ

So exalted is Allah when you reach the evening and when you reach the morning. (30:17)

فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا ۖ وَمِنْ آنَاءِ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْ وَأَطْرَافَ النَّهَارِ لَعَلَّكَ تَرْضَىٰ

So bear patiently (O Muhammad ﷺ) what they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and during some of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day (an indication for the five compulsory congregational prayers), that you may become pleased with the reward which Allah shall give you. (Taha 20:130)

2. Hadith

2.1 It was narrated that ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib (رضي الله عنه) said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

لاَ تَزَالُ أُمَّتِي عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ مَا لَمْ يُؤَخِّرُوا الْمَغْرِبَ حَتَّى تَشْتَبِكَ النُّجُومُ

‘My Ummah will continue to adhere to the Fitrah so long as they do not delay the Maghrib until the stars have come out’.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah 689)

2.2 Aisha (رضي الله عنها) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said

إِنَّ أَفْضَلَ الصَّلوٰةِ عِنْدَ اﷲِ صَلوٰةُ الْمَغْرَبِ، وَ مَنْ صَلَّی بَعْدَهَا رَکْعَتَيْنِ بَنَی اﷲُ لَه بَيْتاً فِي الْجَنَّةِ، يَغْدُو فِيْهِ وَ يَروح

“The prayer most favored by Allah is the Maghrib salah and one who prays two more rak’ahs after it, Allah will build a house for him in Paradise where he will dwell  and find comfort.”

(Mu’jam Al-Awsat 7/230, 6445)

2.3 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that: Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ صَلَّى بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ سِتَّ رَكَعَاتٍ لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ بِسُوءٍ عُدِلْنَ لَهُ بِعِبَادَةِ ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ سَنَةً

“Whoever prays six Rak’ah after Al-Maghrib, and he does not speak about anything between them, then they will be counted for him as twelve years of worship.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 435)

2.4 Narrated Abi Ayyub (رضي الله عنه):

خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَدْ وَجَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ، فَسَمِعَ صَوْتًا فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ يَهُودُ تُعَذَّبُ فِي قُبُورِهَا

Once the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) went out after sunset and heard a dreadful voice, and said, “The Jews are being punished in their graves.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1375)

2.5 Narrated `Abdullah Al-Muzani (رضي الله عنه): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

لاَ تَغْلِبَنَّكُمُ الأَعْرَابُ عَلَى اسْمِ صَلاَتِكُمُ الْمَغْرِبِ

“Do not be influenced by bedouins regarding the name of your Maghrib prayer which is called `Isha’ by them.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 563)

2.6 Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه):

 لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ كِبَارَ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَبْتَدِرُونَ السَّوَارِيَ عِنْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ

“I saw the most famous people amongst the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) hurrying towards the pillars at the Maghrib prayer before the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) came for the prayer.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 503)

2.7 Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله‎) narrated

اَلْمَغْرِبَ وِتْرُ اَلنَّهَارِ

Maghrib (prayer) is the Witr (prayer) of the day.

(Bulugh al-Maram Book 2, Hadith 338)

2.8 Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin (رضي الله عنها): The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) taught me to say when the adhan for the sunset prayer was called;

للَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا إِقْبَالُ لَيْلِكَ وَإِدْبَارُ نَهَارِكَ وَأَصْوَاتُ دُعَاتِكَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي

“O Allah, this is the time when Thy night comes on, Thy day retires, and the voices of Thy summoners are heard, so forgive me.”

(Sunan Abi Dawud 530)

2.9 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه): Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said,

إِذَا قُدِّمَ الْعَشَاءُ فَابْدَءُوا بِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُصَلُّوا صَلاَةَ الْمَغْرِبِ، وَلاَ تَعْجَلُوا عَنْ عَشَائِكُمْ

“If the supper is served start having it before praying the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty in finishing it.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 672)

2.10 It was narrated that ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ صَلَّى بَيْنَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ

‘Whoever prays twenty Rak’ah between Maghrib and ‘Isha’, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise’.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1373)

2.11 Aishah (رضي الله عنها) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

مَنْ ثَابَرَ عَلَى ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ السُّنَّةِ بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَرْبَعِ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَهَا وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ

“Whoever is regular with twelve Rak’ah of Sunnah (prayer), Allah will build a house for him in Paradise: Four Rak’ah before Zuhr, two Rak’ah after it, two Rak’ah after Maghrib, two Rak’ah after Isha, and two Rak’ah before Fajr.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 414)

2.12 Abu ’Uthman al-Nahdl (رضي الله عنه) said that

أَنَّهُ صَلَّى خَلْفَ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ الْمَغْرِبَ فَقَرَأَ بِـ ‏‏ ﴿ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ﴾ ‏

He offered the sunset prayer behind Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه), when he recited “Say: He is Allah, the One” (Al-Ikhlas 112).

(Sunan Abi Dawud 815)

2.13 Al-Bara’ (رضي الله عنه) said:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْنُتُ فِي صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ زَادَ ابْنُ مُعَاذٍ وَصَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to recite the supplication in the dawn prayer. The version of Ibn Mu’adh (رضي الله عنه) has the words: “sunset prayer”.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 1441)

2.14 Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam: Zaid bin Thabit (رضی الله عنهم) said to me,

مَا لَكَ تَقْرَأُ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ بِقِصَارٍ، وَقَدْ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ بِطُولِ الطُّولَيَيْنِ

“Why do you recite very short Surahs in the Maghrib prayer while I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) reciting the longer of the two long Surahs?”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 764)

2.15 Mu’awiyah bin Abdullah bin Ja’far narrated that Abdullah bin ‘Utbah bin Mas’ud (رضی الله عنهم) told him that:

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَرَأَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ بِـ ‏﴿‏ حم ‏﴾ الدُّخَانِ

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) recited ‘Ha- Mim Ad-Dukhan’ (Surah 44) in Maghrib.

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 988)

2.16 It was narrated that Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) said:

رَمَقْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عِشْرِينَ مَرَّةً يَقْرَأُ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَفِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ‏ قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ‏ وَ ‏‏ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏

“I watched the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) -twenty times -reciting in the two rak’ahs after maghrib ‘Say: O you disbelievers’ (Surah 109) and ‘Say: He is Allah, (the) One’ (Surah 112).”

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 992)

2.17 It was narrated from Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib (رضي الله عنه) that:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْنُتُ فِي الصُّبْحِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to say the Qunut in Subh and Maghrib.

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 1076)

2.18 Narrated Jubair bin Mut’im (رضي الله عنه):

سَمِعْتَ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-يَقْرَأُ فِي اَلْمَغْرِبِ بِالطُّورِ

I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) reciting At-Tur (Surah 52) in the Maghrib (sunset) prayer.

(Bulugh al-Maram Book 2, Hadith 175)

2.19 Narrated Ibn `Abbas: (My mother) Umul-Fadl (رضی الله عنهم) heard me reciting “Wal Mursalati `Urfan” (Surah 77) and said, “O my son! By Allah, your recitation made me remember that it was the last Surah I heard from Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). He recited it in the Maghrib prayer. ”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 763)

2.20 Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه): that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

  وَإِدْبَارَ النُّجُومِ

And at the setting of the stars (At-Tur 52:49)

(about) the two Rak’ah before Fajr.

وَإِدْبَارُ السُّجُودِ

And after the prostrations (Qaf 50:40)

The two Rak’at after Al-Maghrib.

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3275)

2.21 It was narrated that Jabir bin Samurah (رضي الله عنه) said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to delay the ‘later Isha’.”*

*Fath Al-Bari:

It is described as the ‘later Isha’ prayer because the Maghrib prayer is sometimes called Isha prayer, but it is the ‘first Isha’. Some scholars are of the opinion that it is disliked to call Maghrib ‘Isha’ without qualifying it as the ‘first Isha’

(Sunan an-Nasa’i Vol. 1, Book 6, Hadith 534)

2.22 Anas (رضي الله عنه) said (explaining the meaning) of the following Qur’anic verse

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ

“They used to sleep but little of the night” (Adh-Dhariyat 51:17)

They (the people) used to pray between the Maghrib and ‘Isha.

The version of Yahya (رحمه الله‎) adds: The verse

تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ

They arise from [their] beds (As-Sajdah 32:16)

also means so.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 1322)

2.23 It was narrated from Aishah (رضي الله عنها) that:

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَرَأَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ بِسُورَةِ الأَعْرَافِ فَرَّقَهَا فِي رَكْعَتَيْ

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) recited Surat Al-A’raf in Maghrib and split it between two rak’ahs.

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 991)

2.24 Ibn Hibban (رحمه الله‎) recorded:

أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-صَلَّى قَبْلَ اَلْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

“The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) prayed two Rak’at before the Maghrib (prayer).”

(Bulugh al-Maram Book 2, Hadith 265)

2.25 Narrated ‘Abd Allah al-Muzani (رضي الله عنه): The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

صَلُّوا قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ صَلُّوا قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ لِمَنْ شَاءَ

Pray two rak’ahs before the Maghrib prayer. He then said (again): Pray two rak’ahs before the Maghrib prayer, it applies to those who wish to do so.

That was because he feared that the people might treat it as sunnah.

(Sunan Abi Dawud 1281)

2.26 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه):

كَانَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِذَا أَذَّنَ قَامَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَبْتَدِرُونَ السَّوَارِيَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُمْ كَذَلِكَ يُصَلُّونَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ شَىْءٌ‏.‏ قَالَ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ جَبَلَةَ وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ عَنْ شُعْبَةَ لَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَهُمَا إِلاَّ قَلِيلٌ

“When the Mu’adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan, some of the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) would proceed to the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) arrived and in this way they used to pray two rak`at before the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhan and the Iqama.” Shu`ba said, “There used to be a very short interval between the two (Adhan and Iqama).”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 625)

2.27 Narrated Marthad bin `Abdullah Al-Yazani : I went to `Uqba bin ‘Amir Al-Juhani and said,

أَلاَ أُعْجِبُكَ مِنْ أَبِي تَمِيمٍ يَرْكَعُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُقْبَةُ إِنَّا كُنَّا نَفْعَلُهُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏.‏ قُلْتُ فَمَا يَمْنَعُكَ الآنَ قَالَ الشُّغْلُ

“Is it not surprising that Abi Tamim (رضی الله عنهم) offers two rak`at before the Maghrib prayer?” `Uqba said, “We used to do so in the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).” I asked him, “What prevents you from offering it now?” He replied, “Business.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1184)

2.28 It is narrated from Hudhaifah (رضي الله عنه) that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Whoever prays two (or four) rak’ats after Maghrib without talking to anyone, his prayers are raised to Illiyin (the uppermost heaven).”

(Bayhaqi, Tabrani)

2.29 It is narrated from Hudhaifah (رضي الله عنه) that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Read the two (Sunnah) Rak’ahs after Maghrib quickly as they are presented with the Fardh (prayer).”

(Tabrani)

2.30 It is reported that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said:

“Whoever reads six Rak’ats after Maghrib (Salat al-Awabeen), his sins are forgiven, even if they are equal to the foam of the sea.”

(Tabrani)

3. ‘Ulama

Ibn Hair, Abu Laith Samarqandi and others (رحمهم الله) have mentioned that

One who neglects salaat is so squeezed in the grave that the ribs of one side penetrate into the ribs of the other side. Fire is burnt inside for him and they are rolled on cinders day and night. A serpent with fiery eyes and iron nails equal in length to a day’s journey is let loose on him and it shouts with a thundering voice, ‘My Lord has charged me with thrashing you till sunrise for neglecting Fajr, till Asr for neglecting Zuhr, till sunset for neglecting Asr, till Ishaa for neglecting Maghrib and till dawn for neglecting Ishaa. The serpent will keep on thrashing him thus till the Last Day. Each blow pushes him to a depth of seventy arm’s length. The punishments will last till the Day of  Judgement.

(Fazail-e-Namaz p40-41, Al-Kandhlawi)

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