Benefits and Virtues of Surah 99 Az-Zalzala

virtues-benefits-surah-az-zalzalah

99. Az-Zalzalah

99.1 Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Idha Zulzilat is equal to half of the Qur’an, Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad is equal to a third of the Qur’an, and Qul Yul Ya Ayyuhal-Kafirun is equal to a fourth of the Qur’an.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 42, Hadith 2894

99.2 Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه)

That the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said to a man among his Companions: “Have you married O so-and-so?” He said: “No by Allah O Messenger of Allah! And I do not have anything to marry with.” He said: “Do you not know: Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad?” He said: “Of course.” He said: “It is a third of the Qur’an.” He said: “Do you not know Idha Ja Nasrullahi Wal-Fath?” He said: “Of course.” He said: “It is a fourth of the Qur’an.” He said: “Do you not know Qul Ya Ayyuhal-Kafirun?” He said: “Of course.” He said: “It is a fourth of the Qur’an.” He said: “Do you not know Idha Zulzilat Al-Ard?” He said: “Of course.” He said: “It is a fourth of the Qur’an.” He said: “Marry, marry.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 42, Hadith 2895

99.3 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) recited,

 ﴾ يومئذ تحدث أخبارها ﴿

“That Day it (the earth) will reveal its news (about all that happened over it of good or evil).” (99:4)

Then he (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) inquired, “Do you know what its news are?” He was told: “Allah and His Messenger know better”. He said, “Its news is that it shall bear witness against every slave man and woman they did on its back. It will say: ‘You did this and this on such and such day.’ Those will be its news.”

Riyad as-Salihin Book 1, Hadith 408

99.4 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “Any person who possesses gold or silver and does not pay what is due on it (i.e., the Zakat); on the Day of Resurrection, sheets of silver and gold would be heated for him in the fire of Hell and with them his flank, forehead and back will be branded. When they cool down, they will be heated again and the same process will be repeated during the day the measure whereof will be fifty thousand years. (This would go on) until Judgement is pronounced among (Allah’s) slaves, and he will be shown his final abode, either to Jannah or to Hell.” It was asked, “How about someone who owns camels and does not pay what is due on him (i.e., their Zakat)?” He (ﷺ) replied, “In the same way the owner of camels who does not discharge what is due in respect of them (their due includes their milking on the day when they are taken to water) will be thrown on his face or on his back in a vast desert plain on the Day of Resurrection and they will trample upon him with their hoofs and bite him with their teeth. As often as the first of them passes him, the last of them will be made to return during a day the measure whereof will be fifty thousand years, until Judgement is pronounced among (Allah’s) slaves, he will be shown his final abode either to Jannah or to Hell.” It was (again) asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what about cows (cattle) and sheep?” He (ﷺ) said, “If anyone who possesses cattle and sheep and does not pay what is due on them (i.e., their Zakat); on the Day of Resurrection, he will be thrown on his face in a vast plain desert. He will find none of the animals missing with twisted horns, without horns or with a broken horn, and they will gore him with their horns and trample upon him with their hoofs. As often as the first of them passes him, the last of them will be made to return to him during a day the measure whereof will be fifty thousand years, until Judgement is pronounced among (Allah’s) slaves; and he will be shown his final abode either to Jannah or to Hell.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what about the horses?” Upon this he (ﷺ) said, “The horses are of three types. One, which is a burden for the owner; another which is a shield, and another one which makes its owner entitled to reward. The one for whom these are a burden is the person who rears them for show or for pride or for causing injury to the sentiments of the Muslims. They will be a cause of torment for their owners. The one for whom these are a shield is the person who rears them for the sake of Allah but does not forget the Right of Allah concerning their backs and their necks (i.e., he lets a needy ride on them), and so they are a shield for him. Those which bring reward to the one who rears them in pastures and gardens are the ones that are used in the Cause of Allah (Jihad) by the Muslims. Whatever they eat from the meadows and the gardens will be recorded on his behalf as good deeds so much so that their droppings and urine will be counted for an equal number of good deeds for him. Even when they break their tying rope and every height from which they climb and every hoof-print which they leave will be counted as a good deed on behalf of the owner. When their owner leads them through a stream from which they drink, though he does not intend to quench their thirst, yet Allah would record for him the quantity (of water) of what they would drink on his behalf as good deeds.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what about the donkeys?” Upon this he (ﷺ) said, “Nothing has been revealed to me in regard to the donkeys in particular except this one Verse of a comprehensive nature:

﴾ فمن يعمل مثقال ذرة خيرا يره ﴿

﴾ ومن يعمل مثقال ذرة شرّا يره ﴿

“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.”‘ (99:7-8)

Riyad as-Salihin Book 9, Hadith 224

99.5 Narrated Mu’adh ibn Abdullah al-Juhani (رضي الله عنه)

A man of Juhaynah told him that he had heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) reciting “When the earth is shaken” (Surah 99) in both rak’ahs of the morning prayer. But I do not know whether he had forgotten, or whether he recited it on purpose.

Sunan Abi Dawud 816

99.6 Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr (رضي الله عنه)

A man came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) and said: Teach me to read the Qur’an, Messenger of Allah.

He said: Read three surahs which begin with ﴾ الر ﴿ * He said: My age is advanced, my mind has become dull (i.e. memory has grown weak), and my tongue has grown heavy). So he said: Then read three surahs which begin with ﴾ حم ﴿. He repeated the same words. So he said: Read three surahs which begin with the “Glorification of Allah” (Al-Musabbihat Surahs are 17, 57, 59, 61, 62, 64 and 87). But he repeated the same excuse. The man then said: Teach me a comprehensive surah, Messenger of Allah. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) taught him Surah (99). “When the Earth is shaken with her earthquake”. When he finished it, the man said: By Him Who sent you with truth, I shall never add anything to it. Then man then went away.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said twice: The man received salvation.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1399

*Table Surahs that have initial letters

# Surah Muqatta’at
2 al-Baqarah الم
3 āl ‘Imrān الم
7 al-A’arāf المص
10 Yūnus الر
11 Hūd الر
12 Yūsuf الر
13 ar-Ra’ d المر
14 I’brāhīm الر
15 al-Ḥijr الر
19 Maryam كهيعص
20 Ṭa-ha طه
26 ash–Shu’arā’ طسم
27 an-Naml طس
28 al-Qaṣaṣ طسم
29 al-‘Ankabūt الم
30 ar-Rūm الم
31 Luqmān الم
32 as-Sajdah الم
36 Yā-sīn يس
38 Ṣād ص
40 Ghāfir حم
41 Fuṣṣilat حم
42 ash–Shūrā حم/عسق
43 az-Zukhruf حم
44 ad-Dukhān حم
45 al-Jāthīyah حم
46 al-Aḥqāf حم
50 Qāf ق
68 al-Qalam ن

99.7 It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه)

That the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said: “Whoever recites ‘When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake’ in one night, it will be equivalent to half of the Qur’an for him.”

Ibn al-Sunni in ‘Aml al-Yawm wa’l-Laylah (691)

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