Benefits and Virtues of Surah 73 Al-Muzzammil


73. Al-Muzzammil

73.1 Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه)

When the opening verses of Surah Al-muzammil was revealed, the Companions would pray as long as they would pray during Ramadan until its last verses were revealed. The period between the revelation of its opening and the last verses was one year.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1305

73.2 Narrated Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه)

Alqamah and al-Aswad said: A man came to Ibn Mas’ud. He said: I recite the mufassal surahs in one rak’ah. You might recite it quickly as one recites verse (poetry) quickly, or as the dried dates fall down (from the tree).

But the Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite two equal surahs in one rak’ah; he would recite (for instance) surahs an-Najm (53) and ar-Rahman (55) in one rak’ah, surahs Iqtarabat (54) and al-Haqqah (69) in one rak’ah, surahs at-Tur (52) and adh-Dhariyat (51) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Waqi’ah (56) and Nun (68) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Ma’arij (70) and an-Nazi’at (79) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Mutaffifin (83) and Abasa (80) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Muddaththir (74) and al-Muzzammil (73) in one rak’ah, surahs al-Insan (76) and al-Qiyamah (75) in one rak’ah, surahs an-Naba’ (78) and al-Mursalat (77) in one rak’ah, and surahs ad-Dukhan (44) and at-Takwir (81) in one rak’ah.

Abu Dawud said: This is the arrangement of Ibn Mas’ud himself.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1396

73.3 Narrated Sa’d bin Hisham (رضي الله عنه)

I divorced my wife. I then came to Medina to sell my land that was there so that I could buy arms and fight in battle. I met a group of the Companions of the Prophet (ﷺ). They said: Six persons of us intended to do so (i.e. divorce their wives and purchase weapons), but the Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited them. He said: For you in the Messenger of Allah there is an excellent model. I then came to Ibn ‘Abbas and asked him about the witr observed by the Prophet (ﷺ). He said: I point to you a person who is most familiar with the witr observed by the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Go to ‘Aishah. While going to her I asked Hakim b. Aflah to accompany me. He refused, but I adjured him. He, therefore, went along with me. We sought permission to enter upon ‘Aishah. She said: Who is this ? He said: Hakim b. Aflah. She asked: Who is with you ? He replied: Sa’d b. Hisham. She said: Hisham son of ‘Amir who was killed in the Battle of Uhud. I said: Yes. She said: What a good man ‘Amir was! I said: Mother of faithful, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). She asked: Do you not recite the Quran ? The character of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was the Qur’an. I asked: Tell me about his vigil and prayer at night. She replied: Do you not recite: “O thou folded in garments” (73:1). I said: Why not ?

When the opening of this Surah was revealed, the Companions stood praying (most of the night) until their fett swelled, and the concluding verses were not revealed for twelve months from heaven. At last the concluding verses were revealed and the prayer at night became voluntary after it was obligatory. I said: Tell me about the witr of the Prophet (ﷺ). She replied: He used to pray eight rak’ahs, sitting only during the eighth of them. Then he would stand up and pray another rak’ahs. He would sit only after the eighth and the ninth rak’ahs. He would utter salutation only after the ninth rak’ah. He would then pray two rak’ahs sitting and that made eleven rak’ahs, O my son. But when he grew old and became fleshy he observed a witr of seven, sitting only in sixth and seventh rak’ahs, and would utter salutation only after the seventh rak’ah. He would then pray two rak’ahs sitting, and that made nine rak’ahs, O my son. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would not pray through a whole night, or recite the whole Qur’an in a night or fast a complete month except in Ramadan. When he offered prayer, he would do that regularly. When he was overtaken by sleep at night, he would pray twelve rak’ahs.

The narrator said: I came to Ibn ‘Abbas and narrated all this to him. By Allah, this is really a tradition. Has I been on speaking terms with her, I would have come to her and heard it from her mouth. I said: If I knew that you were not on speaking terms with her, I would have never narrated it to you.

Sunan Abi Dawud 1342

73.4 Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه)

In Surat al-Muzzammil (73), the verse: “Keep vigil at night but a little, a half thereof” (2-3) has been abrogated by the following verse: “He knoweth that ye count it not, and turneth unto you in mercy. Recite then of the Qur’an that which is easy for you” (v.20). The phrase “the vigil of the night” (nashi’at al-layl) means the early hours of the night. They (the companions) would pray (the tahajjud prayer) in the early hours of the night.

He (Ibn Abbas) says: It is advisable to offer the prayer at night (tahajjud), prescribed by Allah for you (in the early hours of the night). This is because when a person sleeps, he does not know when he will awake. The words “speech more certain” (aqwamu qilan) means that this time is more suitable for the understanding of the Qur’an. He says: The verse: “Lo, thou hast by day a chain of business” (v.7) means engagement for long periods (in the day’s work).

Sunan Abi Dawud 1304

73.5 Narrated by Ubayy ibn Ka’b (رضي الله عنه)

Whoever recites Surat al-Muzzammil will be relieved of hardship in this world and in the Hereafter.

(Tafsirs of al-Thalabi, al-Wahidi and al-Zamakhshari)

73.6 It is reported that

Allah removes poverty from the reciter of this surah and along with this he will give him the reward of freeing slaves equal to number of jinns and devils (satans) present in this world.

(Tafseer Burhan)

73.7 It is reported that

Whoever reads Surah Muzammil during troubles, Allah will eliminate troubles from him.

(Tafseer al-Kishaf)

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